Saudi Arabia

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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Flag
Saudi Arabia LF.gif
Location  Middle East
Capital  Riyadh
Area  2,149,690 sq km
Population  33,091,113
"A stone at the bottom of a river does not worry about the rain"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Saudi Arabia Map.gif
January

January 1


  • Ms. Thoraya Ahmed Obaid from Saudi Arabia was appointed as the third Executive Director of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) on 1 January 2001. Thoraya is the first Saudi Arabian to head a United Nations agency.

January 2


January 3


January 4


January 5


January 6


January 7


January 8


  • Conjoined Palestinian twin girls were successfully separated in a surgery at the King Abdullah Specialist Children's Hospital in Saudi Arabia on 8 January 2018. They shared a leg but had separate hearts and lungs.

January 9


January 10


  • Her Royal Highness Princess Rima bint Bandar Bin Sultan Al Saud of Saudi Arabia received the Arab Sports Personality Award at the 9th Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Creative Sports Award ceremony held in Dubai on 10 January 2018.[1]

January 11


  • Saudi Arabia's king granted women seats on the country's top advisory council for the first time on 11 January 2013, giving them a long-awaited toehold in the ultraconservative kingdom's male-dominated political system.[2]

January 12


  • Saudi Arabia on 12 January 2018 allowed women to enter stadiums to watch men’s football matches for the first time in the kingdom’s history. Saudi women were in the stands to watch a clash between Saudi Premier League clubs Al-Ahli and Al-Batin.

January 13


January 14


January 15


January 16


January 17


  • Saudi Arabia and the United States signed an agreement in the field of civil aviation security on 17 January 2013. The signing is based on both sides’ interest in the development of administrative, technical and operational cooperation in the field of civil aviation security and an affirmation of common interest to strengthen efforts to address threats and reduce risks in civil aviation.[3]

January 18


  • A team of archaeologists from the Saudi Geological Survey (SGS) has discovered a 225-cm long tusk of an extinct species of elephant in the Nafud Desert in the Kingdom’s northwest, as announced on 18 January 2017.[4]

January 19


January 20


January 21


January 22


January 23


January 24


January 25


January 26


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January 28


January 29


January 30


January 31


  • Saudi Arabia has completed its biggest ground-mounted photovoltaic solar power plant, according to an official announcement on 31 January 2013. The 3.5-megawatt plant is developed in Riyadh.


February

February 1


February 2


February 3


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February 6


February 7


February 8


February 9


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February 12


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February 14


February 15


February 16


  • For the first time a Saudi woman, Somayya Jabarti, was named editor-in-chief of a daily newspaper in Saudi Arabia, the newspaper English-language Saudi Gazette announced on 16 February 2014.[5]

February 17


February 18


February 19


  • Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah on 19 February 2013 swore in the country's first female members of the Shura Council, an appointed body that advises on new laws, in a move that is expected to advance the role of women in conservative Saudi society.[6]

February 20


February 21


February 22


  • A team of international astronomers, including researchers from Saudi Arabia, has detected a record seven Earth-sized planets orbiting a single star Trappist-1, a low-mass, cool star located 40 light-years away from Earth. Three of them lie in the habitable zone and could harbour water, as revealed in the journal Nature on 22 February 2017.[7]

February 23


February 24


  • Hana al-Omair, a female Saudi film-maker, won the Golden Palm Tree prize on 24 February 2015 at the Saudi Film Festival for her drama Complain.

February 25


February 26


  • Saudi Arabia and India signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Defense Cooperation on 26 February 2014 in New Delhi. The agreement will lead to expanded defense cooperation between New Delhi and Riyadh.[8]

February 27


February 28


February 29



March

March 1


March 2


  • Saudi Arabian author, Abdo Khal, won the 2010 International Prize for Arabic Fiction on 2 March 2010 for his novel Spewing Sparks as Big as Castles. The novel is a deeply dark novel which follows the confessions of a hit man, employed by a mysterious rich businessman in the Saudi city of Jeddah.

March 3


  • Saudi Arabia and South Korea on 3 March 2015 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to cooperate on the development of nuclear energy in Saudi Arabia.[9]

March 4


  • Saudi Arabia and Qatar on 4 March 2013 signed several agreements, memoranda of understanding (MoUs) and ratification documents, including agreements to fight crime and regulate border authorities.
  • The first discoveries of oil fields in Saudi Arabia took place in Dammam, later known as the “Prosperity Well,” in 1938. The first test to yield oil was made on 4 March 1938.[10]

March 5


March 6


March 7


March 8


  • Samar Badawi from Saudi Arabia was honored with the 2012 International Women of Courage Award by the United States Department of State for her pursuit for women's right to vote and fight against the guardianship system in Saudi Arabia, under which women cannot marry, work, or travel without a guardian’s (male relative) permission.

March 9


March 10


March 11


March 12


March 13


March 14


  • Saudi Arabian author, Raja Alem, and Moroccan author, Mohammed Achaari, were announced as joint winners of the 2011 International Prize for Arabic Fiction on 14 March 2011. Raja was awarded for her book The Doves’ Necklace. This is the first time the prize has been split between two novelists and Raja became the first woman to win the award.

March 15


March 16


March 17


March 18


March 19


March 20


March 21


March 22


March 23


  • Dr. Abdulaziz Bin Abdulrahman Kaki of Saudi Arabia was named as the winner of the 2016 King Faisal International Prize for Islamic Studies in recognition of his distinguished research effort.[11]

March 24


March 25


March 26


March 27


March 28


March 29


  • Saudi Arabia has decided to license women's sports clubs for the first time, as reported on 29 March 2013, a major step for the women in the apparent ultra-religious country.[12]

March 30


March 31


  • An-132 light transport plane, developed by Taqnia Aeronautics of Saudi Arabia and Antonov of Ukraine, made its maiden flight on 31 March 2017 from the Svyatoshyn airfield in the Ukrainian capital to the Antonov airfield in Kiev region.


April

April 1


  • Saudi Arabia lifted ban on women riding motorbikes and bicycles, as reported on 1 April 2013, allowed only in restricted, recreational areas and must be accompanied by male relative and dressed in the full Islamic head-to-toe veil.[13]

April 2


April 3


April 4


April 5


April 6


April 7


April 8


April 9


April 10


April 11


April 12


April 13


  • Saudi Arabia’s Hani Alnakhli smashed his own men’s discus F33 world record on 13 April 2017 at the World Para Athletics Grand Prix in Tunis, Tunisia. Hani threw 30.09m to add 59cm to his previous record at this same event in 2015.[14]

April 14


April 15


April 16


April 17


April 18


April 19


  • The UN Economic and Social Council on 19 April 2017 elected Saudi Arabia as a member of its Commission on the Status of Women for a four-year terms.[15]

April 20


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May

May 1


May 2


May 3


  • Atta’a for Helping Charity Organizations of Saudi Arabia won the 2016 WSIS Prize for their project titled Ataa’ System, seeks to link all charities in Saudi Arabia in one system in order to manage their information and consolidate common work.[16]
  • Saudi blogger Raif Badawi was named as the winner of the Deutsche Welle Freedom of Speech Award on 3 May 2015 for his extraordinary contribution for human rights in general and freedom of expression in particular.[17]

May 4


  • Saudi Arabia on 4 May 2017 issued a directive relieving women from the prerequisite of obtaining the consent of male guardians in order to receive public services.
  • Saudi Arabian girls will be allowed to play sports in private schools for the first time, according to a decision announced on 4 May 2013, the latest in a series of incremental changes aimed at slowly increasing women's rights in the kingdom.

May 5


May 6


May 7


May 8


May 9


  • A study of the dromedary camel by researchers from Saudi Arabia and their international colleagues has shown how long-distance and back-and-forth movements in ancient caravan routes shaped the species’ genetic diversity. Their findings, based on a global sample set and ancient mitochondrial DNA analyses, were revealed on 9 May 2016 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.[18]

May 10


May 11


May 12


May 13


May 14


May 15


May 16


May 17


May 18


  • Saudi woman Raha Moharrak on 18 May 2013 made history by reaching the summit of the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest. Raha, a 25-year-old native of Jeddah, not only became the first Saudi woman to attempt the climb but also the youngest Arab to make it to the top of Everest.

May 19


May 20


May 21


May 22


May 23


May 24


May 25


May 26


May 27


May 28


May 29


  • Saudi researcher and their international colleagues have found a rare exoplanet, named as NGTS-4b, as revealed on 29 May 2019. The planet is three times the size of Earth and 20% smaller than Neptune and the planet has its own atmosphere.
  • The Shura Council of Saudi Arabia, the country's formal consultative body, on 29 May 2018 approved a law to criminalise sexual harassment in the kingdom.

May 30


May 31



June

June 1


  • The first sports complex for women in Saudi Arabia was opened in the Eastern Province city of Khobar on 1 June 2013.[19]

June 2


June 3


June 4


June 5


June 6


June 7


June 8


June 9


June 10


June 11


June 12


June 13


June 14


June 15


June 16


June 17


June 18


June 19


June 20


June 21


  • Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah, in Saudi Arabia was inscribed in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)’s World Heritage List on 21 June 2014.[20]

June 22


June 23


June 24


  • Saudi Arabian officials on 24 June 2012 announced that Saudi women are now allowed to compete in the Olympic Games starting from the 2012 London Olympics. This is the first time that Saudi women have been allowed to compete in the competition.[21]

June 25


June 26


  • Saudi Arabia and South Korea signed an $8.3 billion economic cooperation pact on 26 June 2019 during Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s visit to Seoul aimed at strengthening bilateral ties between the two governments.

June 27


June 28


  • The late Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud became the first individual to receive the Outstanding Donor Award supported by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme for his commitment to humanitarian and relief work all over the world, including support for housing and income generating projects for families in Palestine. At a ceremony held in New York on 28 June 2013, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, presented the award to Ambassador Abdallah Y. Al-Mouallimi, the Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the United Nations.[22]

June 29


  • Al-Ahsa Oasis, an Evolving Cultural Landscape in Saudi Arabia, was inscribed on the UNESCO's World Heritage List on 29 June 2018.[23]

June 30



July

July 1


July 2


July 3


  • Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List on 3 July 2015.[24]

July 4


July 5


July 6


  • The UNESCO's World Heritage Committee named the archaeological site of Al-Hijr in Saudi Arabia as a World Heritage Site in 2008. This is the first World Heritage property to be inscribed in Saudi Arabia.[25]

July 7


July 8


July 9


July 10


July 11


July 12


July 13


July 14


July 15


July 16


July 17


July 18


  • Saudi Aramco, the national oil company of Saudi Arabia, was ranked as the largest oil company in the world in 2012. The list - of the world's 25 largest oil companies - was made public by Forbes business magazine.[26]

July 19


July 20


July 21


July 22


July 23


July 24


July 25


  • The Saudi Arabian Government's Holy Makkah Municipality (HMM) was recognized with a 2012 "Honorary Recognition Award" on 25 July 2012 by the international IT architecture firm iCMG for its new e-Government initiatives.

July 26


July 27


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July 29


July 30


July 31



August

August 1


August 2


  • Women in Saudi Arabia will be allowed to hold passports and travel abroad without the consent of a male guardian, according to a royal decree announced on 2 August 2019.

August 3


August 4


  • Saudi Arabia's Mossad Aldossar won the FIFA eWorld Cup in London on 4 August 2018 by beating Belgium's Steffano Pina in the final 4-0 at the O2 Arena.[27]

August 5


August 6


  • Saudi Arabia clinched an Olympic bronze medal in equestrian team jumping on 6 August 2012 in London.

August 7


August 8


August 9


August 10


August 11


August 12


August 13


August 14


August 15


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August 17


August 18


August 19


August 20


August 21


August 22


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August 24


August 25


August 26


  • Saudi Arabia passed a landmark legislation on 26 August 2013 aimed at protecting women, children and domestic workers against domestic abuse, in a move aimed at reducing hidden violence against women in the kingdom.

August 27


August 28


August 29


August 30


  • Saudi Arabia on 30 August 2016 signed 17 cooperative agreements with China in the fields of politics, energy, finance, investment, housing, water resources, quality inspection, science, technology and culture.[28]

August 31



September

September 1


September 2


September 3


September 4


September 5


  • In a world first, Saudi and a team of international researchers have transformed tissue cells into skin cells to help heal serious wounds, a technique that could revolutionise care for victims of burns and other severe injuries. Their study was published on 5 September 2018 in the journal Nature.[29]
  • Saudi Arabia secured qualification for the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 5 September 2017 with a 1-0 win against Japan. It will be Saudi Arabia's fifth FIFA World Cup participation.[30]

September 6


September 7


September 8


September 9


September 10


September 11


September 12


  • On September 12, 1989, US Patent 4865611 was issued to Professor Mohammed Al-Turaiki from Saudi Arabia for his invention of Knee Joint Analyzer. It was intended to provide comfort to the praying Muslims in the sitting position.[31]

September 13


September 14


September 15


September 16


September 17


September 18


September 19


September 20


September 21


September 22


September 23


September 24


September 25


  • Saudi Arabia on 25 September 2018 inaugurated a long-awaited $6.7bn (£5.1bn) high-speed railway line connecting Islam's two holiest cities, Mecca and Medina. The 450km (280-mile) Haramain Express line has 35 trains that can travel up to 300km/h (186mph).
  • Saudi women gained the right to vote for the first time as Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah decreed on 25 September 2011 that women can vote in local elections and run for local office in the year 2015.[32]

September 26


  • Saudi Arabia's King Salman on 26 September 2017 issued a decree allowing women to drive for the first time in the Kingdom.

September 27


September 28


September 29


September 30


  • Saudi Arabia ranked as the 25th most competitive country in the world, according to a World Economic Forum report released on 30 September 2015. This report, provides insight into the drivers of a country’s productivity and prosperity, suggests Saudi Arabia has been nurturing innovation and talent.[33]


October

October 1


October 2


October 3


October 4


October 5


October 6


October 7


October 8


October 9


October 10


October 11


October 12


October 13


  • Women's rights activist Loujain Alhathloul of Saudi Arabia was included in the BBC global list of 100 inspirational and innovative women for 2017.

October 14


  • Saudi Arabia was ranked as the second Most Empathetic Country in the world according to a study by Michigan State University published on 14 October 2016. The study measured people’s compassion for others and their tendency to imagine others’ point of view.[34]

October 15


October 16


October 17


October 18


  • Saudi woman scientist and researcher Hayat Sindi was appointed to United Nations scientific advisory board on 18 October 2013. Hayat became the first woman from the region to join this panel of renowned scientists. The new Board will provide advice on science, technology and innovation (STI) for sustainable development to the UN Secretary-General and to Executive Heads of UN organizations.

October 19


October 20


October 21


October 22


October 23


October 24


October 25


October 26


October 27


  • Saudi Arabia was elected as a council member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on 27 October 2014 for four years from the East Asia & Australasia region. ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies.

October 28


  • Saudi Arabia on 28 October 2016 was elected to serve on the United Nations Human Rights Council for a three-year terms beginning on 1 January 2017. The United Nations body is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.[35]

October 29


  • Saudi Arabian blogger and the creator of the website "Free Saudi Liberals" Raif Badawi was awarded the European Union’s Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought on 29 October 2015.[36]

October 30


October 31



November

November 1


November 2


November 3


November 4


November 5


November 6


  • A royal decree issued by King Faisal on 6 November 1962 abolished slavery in Saudi Arabia.

November 7


November 8


November 9


November 10


November 11


November 12


  • The United Nations General Assembly on 12 November 2013 elected Saudi Arabia to serve on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) for a period of three years beginning on 1 January 2014.

November 13


November 14


November 15


November 16


November 17


November 18


November 19


November 20


November 21


November 22


November 23


November 24


November 25


November 26


November 27


November 28


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November 30



December

December 1


December 2


  • Alardah dance, drumming and poetry in Saudi Arabia were added to the 2015 UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.[37]

December 3


December 4


December 5


December 6


December 7


December 8


December 9


December 10


December 11


  • Saudi Arabia lifted a 35-years-long ban on public movie theaters, meaning some Saudis will soon be able to go to the movies for the first time, Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Culture and Information said in a statement on 11 December 2017.
  • Al-Ahsa of Saudi Arabia was declared as the member of the 2015 UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the Crafts and Folk Art category.[38]
  • Saudi Arabia became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), an organization commenced to deal with the rules of trade between nations, on 11 December 2005.[39]

December 12


  • Saudi Arabian women marked an important milestone on 12 December 2015, participating for the first time in the nation's municipal elections. Women in the conservative religious kingdom were also allowed to run for office in the same elections.

December 13


December 14


December 15


December 16


December 17


December 18


December 19


December 20


December 21


  • Saudi Arabia won the 1996 Asian Cup soccer tournament on 21 December 1996. Saudi Arabia beat United Arab Emirates 4-2 in a penalty shootout after the game ended 0-0 in the regulation time.[40]

December 22


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December 31



References


  1. http://www.asoif.com/news/sheikh-nahyan-and-princess-rima-win-top-honours-9th-edition-mbr-creative-sports-awards
  2. http://news.yahoo.com/saudi-king-grants-women-seats-advisory-council-125306884.html
  3. http://en-maktoob.news.yahoo.com/saudi-arabia-us-sign-aviation-security-agreement-172220796.html
  4. http://www.sgs.org.sa/English/News/SGSNews/Pages/Nawab-SGS-continues-its-scientific-discoveries-of-the-ancient-fossil-history-in-Saudi-Arabia.aspx
  5. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-26229213
  6. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/19/us-saudi-women-council-idUSBRE91I0RK20130219
  7. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v542/n7642/full/nature21360.html
  8. http://thediplomat.com/2014/02/india-and-saudi-arabia-sign-defense-cooperation-pact/
  9. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/04/saudi-south-korea-nuclear-idUSL5N0W61GM20150304
  10. http://paleopolis.rediris.es/LEXICON/KSA/droite.htm
  11. http://kfip.org/dr-abdulaziz-bin-abdulrahman-kaki/
  12. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/30/us-saudi-women-sports-idUSBRE92T05620130330
  13. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2302869/Saudi-Arabia-lifts-ban-women-riding-motorbikes-bicycles.html
  14. https://www.paralympic.org/news/men-s-discus-f33-world-record-smashed-tunis-grand-prix
  15. https://www.un.org/press/en/2017/ecosoc6824.doc.htm
  16. http://www.itu.int/net/pressoffice/press_releases/2016/17.aspx
  17. http://www.dw.de/dw-award-the-bobs-names-its-winners-for-2015/a-18425484
  18. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/05/04/1519508113.full
  19. http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/saudi-arabia/saudi-arabia-opens-first-sports-centre-for-women-1.1192220
  20. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1155
  21. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-18571193
  22. http://www.unhabitat.org/content.asp?cid=12306&catid=7&typeid=6
  23. https://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1844
  24. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1312/
  25. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/448
  26. http://www.arabnews.com/economy/forbes-ranks-aramco-worlds-no1-oil-company
  27. https://www.fifa.com/fifaeworldcup/news/y=2018/m=8/news=msdossary-crowned-fifa-eworld-cup-champion.html
  28. http://english.gov.cn/state_council/vice_premiers/2016/08/30/content_281475429522366.htm
  29. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0477-4
  30. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2017/m=9/news=saudi-arabia-return-to-world-cup-2907042.html
  31. http://www.sjdr.net/Full_cv.htm
  32. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/saudi-women-gain-vote-for-the-first-time-2360883.html
  33. http://reports.weforum.org/global-competitiveness-report-2015-2016/
  34. http://msutoday.msu.edu/news/2016/is-america-still-an-empathetic-and-generous-giant/
  35. http://www.un.org/press/en/2016/ga11848.doc.htm
  36. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/news-room/content/20151023STO99024/html/European-Parliament-awards-Sakharov-Prize-to-Raif-Badawi
  37. http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/news/twenty-elements-added-to-the-representative-list-of-the-intangible-cultural-heritage-of-humanity-00162
  38. http://en.unesco.org/creative-cities/events/47-cities-join-unesco-creative-cities-network
  39. http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm
  40. http://www.rsssf.com/tables/96asch.html