Latvia

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Republic of Latvia
Flag
Latvia LF.gif
Location  Europe
Capital  Riga
Area  64,589 sq km
Population  1,923,559
"The comfort of the tree is the comfort of the bird"
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  • The Latvian capital, Riga, on 17 January 2014 unveiled its year as European Capital of Culture.[1]

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  • Latvia ranked fourth in the World Economic Forum's 2018 Inclusive Development Index's (IDI) list of emerging economies, an annual assessment of 103 countries’ economic performance that measures how countries perform on eleven dimensions of economic progress in addition to GDP.[2]
  • Laimdota Straujuma became the first Latvian woman Prime Minister on 22 January 2014.

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February

February 1


  • Kristaps Zvejnieks from Latvia won men’s alpine skiing combined gold at the 2017 Winter Universiade in Almaty city.

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  • According to a Eurostat survey published on 10 February 2018 three EU Member States had more female than male scientists and engineers, with Latvia ranked third, – Lithuania (58%), Bulgaria (54%) and Latvia (52%).[3]
  • Latvia became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), an organization commenced to deal with the rules of trade between nations, on 10 February 1999.[4]

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  • Latvia's Kristers Aparjods won the Men's Luge Singles gold at the Lillehammer 2016 Youth Olympic Games.[5]

February 15


  • Latvia ranked ninth in the world on how effectively children can access the justice system to defend their rights, according to a research report released on 15 February 2016 by Children Rights International Network (CRIN).[6]
  • Latvian skeleton racer Martins Dukurs won Silver at the 2014 Sochi Olympic Winter Games.[7]

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March

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  • Latvia has the largest share of women holding managerial positions at 53 percent among the European Union countries, according to the report published on 6 March 2017 by Eurostat. The report found, Latvia is the only Member State where women are a majority (53%) in this occupation.[8]

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  • Latvia's economy grew 5.6 percent in 2012, according to an official report published on 11 March 2013 — the best performance among the 27-country European Union — thanks to robust trade and manufacturing.[9]

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  • Latvia became member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), an intergovernmental military alliance, on March 29, 2004.[10]

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  • The United Nations on 23 May 2014 appointed Jānis Kārkliņš of Latvia to be the Chair of the Multi-stakeholder Advisory Group of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF). The IGF is a multi-stakeholder forum for policy dialogue on issues of Internet governance.

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  • Latvian singer Marie N won the 2002 Eurovision Song Contest for the song I Wanna. This was the first time that Latvia won the contest.[11]

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  • Latvia won the 2014 Baltic Cup, a biennial football competition contested between national teams from the Baltic States, beating Lithuania 1-0.[12]


June

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  • Latvian tennis player Jelena Ostapenko became the first Latvian to win a grand slam title when she defeated Romaninan Simona Halep in three sets 4-6, 6-4, 6-3 at the 2017 French Open.[13]

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  • A Latvian project titled Electronic Application System won an award at the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Prizes 2017 in the e-agriculture category.[14]

June 14


  • Latvia was elected as a member of the prestigious Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations for the term 2020-2022 from the Eastern European region on 14 June 2019.

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  • Dr. Vaira Vike-Freiberga, first female President of the Republic of Latvia, was elected on 17 June 1999 by the Parliament for a four-year term and was re-elected for a second term in 2003.

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  • Latvia successfully launched a satellite on board the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C38 powered by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 23 June 2017.[15]

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July

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  • Latvia was named Europe’s fastest growing innovator, according to the European Commission ranking published on 14 July 2016.[16]

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  • The Latvian robotics team won a gold medal in the Ustad Ahmad Lahori Award for Innovation in Engineering category at the FIRST Global robotics competition in Washington DC on 16 July 2017.[17]

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August

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  • Researchers from Latvia and their international colleagues have revealed the way spiders regulate their silk spinning process. The findings were published in the journal PLOS Biology 5 August 2014.[18]

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  • Latvia's Maris Strombergs won Men's BMX Cycling Gold Medal at the London Olympics on 10 August 2012.[19]

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  • On August 23, 1989 more than one million people from Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania joined hands to form one of the longest unbroken human chains in history. It was a peaceful demonstration to draw global attention to popular desire for independence for each of the countries from Soviet Union. This 600 km long human chain is popularly referred to as Baltic Way.[20]

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  • Latvian athlete Aigars Apinis won gold medal in the Men's Shot Put - F52/53 at the London Paralympics on 31 August 2012.[21]


September

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  • Latvia and the United States resumed normal diplomatic relations on 5 September 1991 after the Latvian independence from the Soviet Union.[22]

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  • Aigars Apinis of Latvia won Men's Discus Throw - F51/52 gold at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in Brazil.

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  • Diana Dadzite of Latvia won Women's Javelin Throw - F55/56 gold at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in Brazil.

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  • Laura Skutana from Latvia won the global championship of Miss All Nations World Final Beauty Contest in China on 26 September 2016.

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October

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November

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  • Latvia was ranked as the world‘s 20th most gender-equal country, according to the World Economic Forum‘s Global Gender Gap index published on 2 November 2017.[23]

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  • Latvia secured the 15th position at the Climate Change Performance Index published on 16 November 2016 by Climate Action Network Europe and Germanwatch. The index ranked 58 countries according to their emissions level, the trend in emissions, the deployment of renewable energy, the energy intensity of the economy and climate policies.

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  • Independence Day of Latvia. On November 18, 1918 Latvia proclaimed the independence from Russia in the capital city Riga.

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References


  1. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-14-28_en.htm
  2. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Forum_IncGrwth_2018.pdf
  3. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-eurostat-news/-/EDN-20180210-1
  4. http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/tif_e/org6_e.htm
  5. http://www.lillehammer2016.com/en/News/Luge/Latvia-win-but-local-lad-Melaas-helps-Norway-to-fall-back-in-love-with-its-track
  6. https://www.crin.org/en/library/news-archive/press-release-first-global-ranking-access-justice-children-released
  7. http://www.sochi2014.com/en/skeleton-men-s-heat-4
  8. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7896990/3-06032017-AP-EN.pdf/ba0b2ea3-f9ee-4561-8bb8-e6c803c24081
  9. http://news.yahoo.com/latvia-enjoys-strongest-economic-growth-eu-130620996--finance.html
  10. http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2004/03-march/e0329a.htm
  11. http://www.eurovision.tv/page/history/by-year/contest?event=316
  12. http://www.lff.lv/lv/latvijasizlases/nacionala/baltijaskauss/2014/speles/finals/latvialithuania/
  13. http://www.rolandgarros.com/en_FR/news/articles/2017-06-10/ostapenko_stuns_halep_for_first_major_title.html
  14. https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/prizes/2017/
  15. http://www.isro.gov.in/update/23-jun-2017/pslv-c38-successfully-launches-31-satellites-single-flight
  16. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-2486_en.htm
  17. http://first.global/press-releases/students-from-160-nations-to-reconvene-a-year-from-now-in-mexico-city-for-the-second-iteration-of-the-first-global-challenge/
  18. http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001921
  19. http://www.london2012.com/cycling-bmx/event/men-bmx/index.html
  20. http://www.balticway.net/
  21. http://www.london2012.com/paralympics/athletics/event/men-shot-put-f52-53/index.html
  22. http://history.state.gov/countries/latvia
  23. http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2017/press-release/