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State of Israel
Israel LF.gif
Location  Middle East
Capital  Jerusalem
Area  22,072 sq km
Population  8,424,904
"A trouble shared is a trouble halved"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Israel Map.gif


January 1

  • Israel’s third term as member of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Executive Board began on 1 January 2013.[1]
  • A new Israeli law banning underweight models, aimed to prevent eating disorders, went into effect on 1 January 2013. The law appears to be the first attempt by any government to use legislation to take on a fashion industry accused of abetting eating disorders by idealizing extreme thinness.

January 2

  • Israel, Greece and Cyprus on 2 January 2020 signed a deal to build a 1,900 km (1,180 mile) undersea pipeline, EastMed, to carry natural gas from the eastern Mediterranean’s rapidly developing gas fields to Europe.

January 3

January 4

January 5

  • Israeli documentary "The Gatekeepers" was awarded the nonfiction or documentary prize by the National Society of Film Critics in the U.S. on 5 January 2013.[2]

January 6

January 7

  • Israeli archaeologists announced on 7 January 2018 they have uncovered a rare site dating back some half a million years -- just next to a modern highway and only several metres underground. The site at Jaljulia has revealed hundreds of flint axes and other artefacts.

January 8

January 9

January 10

January 11

  • A team of Israeli doctors at CorNeat Vision has developed and implanted the world's first artificial cornea which completely integrates with the eye wall with no reliance on donor tissue, as revealed on 11 January 2021.[3]

January 12

January 13

January 14

January 15

January 16

January 17

January 18

January 19

  • Israeli start-up StoreDot has developed technology that is capable of charging flat battery in just five minutes, that could eliminate the "range anxiety" associated with electric cars, as announced on 19 January 2021.[4]

January 20

  • Israel and Chad restored full diplomatic relations after 47-year on 20 January 2019 during Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s visit to Chad.

January 21

January 22

  • Israeli archaeologists on 22 January 2014 presented a newly uncovered 1,500-year-old church in the south of Israel, including an unusually well-preserved mosaic floor with images of lions, foxes, fish and peacocks.

January 23

January 24

January 25

January 26

  • Based on a new dating of a jawbone fossils, Israeli researchers and their international colleagues indicated that our species (Homo sapiens) lived outside Africa around 185,000 years ago, some 80,000 years earlier than the previous evidence suggested. Their findings were detailed in the journal Science on 26 January 2018.[5]

January 27

January 28

January 29

  • The Hai-Bar Nature Reserves is a breeding and reaclimation centers administered by the Israel Nature Reserve & National Parks Authority, situated; one in the Carmel Mountain (Mediterranean forest), and second in the Southern Arabah near Kibbutz Yotveta. Yotveta Hai-Bar established on January 29, 1968 and marked the beginning of the process of bringing back to nature animals that disappeared from Israel landscapes. Animals released to nature include, from the Carmel Hai-Bar already the Persian Fallow Deer and the Roe Deer, and from the Yotveta Hai-Bar the Persian Wild Ass, the Ostrich and the Arabian Oryx.

January 30

January 31


February 1

February 2

February 3

February 4

February 5

  • A team of international and Israeli researchers has successfully grown dates from 2000-year-old seeds recovered from an ancient fortress and caves in the Middle East. The find gives clues to how dates can survive for millennia, as published in Science Advances on 5 February 2020.[6]

February 6

February 7

February 8

February 9

  • A rare bronze coin, dating back some 1,850 years, was discovered in northern Israel in the Carmel coastal mountain range, the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) said on 9 February 2021.

February 10

  • A team of international and Israeli researchers has discovered the rare disease LCH in the fossilized dinosaur tail that lived in Canada 60 million years ago afflicts humans to this day. The discovery was published on 10 February 2020 in Scientific Reports.[7]

February 11

February 12

February 13

February 14

February 15

  • Israel on 15 February 2017 successfully launched a nano satellite as part of record 104 satellites launch in a single mission by India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.[8]

February 16

February 17

  • Israeli director Nadav Lapid won the Berlin International Film Festival’s top Golden Bear award on 17 February 2019 for his film Synonyms.[9]
  • The bottlenose dolphin only colonized the Mediterranean after the last Ice Age - about 18,000 years ago – according to new research published on 17 February 2015 by Israeli scientists and their international colleagues.[10]

February 18

  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered the remnants of a 2,300-year-old village near the Burma Road, some 35 km west of Jerusalem, according to an official announcement on 18 February 2014.[11]

February 19

  • Israel on 19 February 2018 signed an agreement to export $15bn worth of natural gas to Egypt over 10-year period.[12]

February 20

February 21

February 22

February 23

February 24

  • An international and Israeli team of researchers has found a multicellular animal, called Henneguya salminicola, with no mitochondrial DNA, making it the only known animal to exist without the need to breathe oxygen. Their findings were published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Science on 24 February 2020.[13]

February 25

February 26

  • Israel and Jordan on 26 February 2015 signed a deal to build a World Bank-sponsored desalination plant in the Gulf of Aqaba and a pipeline linking the Red Sea with the Dead Sea aimed at combating the regional water shortages.[14]

February 27

February 28

February 29


March 1

March 2

March 3

March 4

March 5

March 6

March 7

March 8

March 9

March 10

  • Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel have discovered a new magnetic phenomenon with industrial potential, a phenomenon dubbed "edge magnetism”, as published in the journal Nano Letters on 10 March 2022.[15]

March 11

March 12

  • Israeli scientists were awarded 12 research grants by the European Research Council (ERC) on 12 March 2015 as part of the European Union Research and Innovation programme Horizon 2020.[16]

March 13

March 14

March 15

March 16

March 17

  • Golda Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on 17th March 1969. On this day Israel elected her first female leader.

March 18

March 19

March 20

March 21

  • On March 21, 2000, His Holiness Pope John Paul II arrived in Israel for a historic five-day visit, during which he visited the holy sites of the three major religions and met with Israel’s political leaders and Chief Rabbis.[17]

March 22

March 23

  • Israeli and American scientists have discovered that squid massively edit their own genetic instructions not only within the nucleus of their neurons, but also within the axon -- the long, slender neural projections that transmit electrical impulses to other neurons. Their findings were published in Nucleic Acids Research on 23 March 2020.[18]

March 24

March 25

March 26

  • Researchers have discovered a copper awl, the oldest metal object unearthed to date in the Middle East - dating to 5100 B.C. to 4600 B.C., in Tel Tsaf, an archaeological site in Israel, according to a study publish on 26 March 2014 in the journal PLOS ONE.[19]
  • The 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty was signed in Washington D.C. on the 26th of March 1979, which were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter. [20]

March 27

March 28

March 29

  • Naama Geva-Zatorsky from Israel received a Unesco-L’Oreal International Fellowship for Young Women in Life Sciences on 29 March 2012 for her research that explores the medical potential of intestinal microflora, a microscopic ecosystem that every one of us harbours inside our bodies.[21]

March 30

  • Natural gas from the offshore Tamar field in Israel began flowing for the first time on 30 March 2013 towards a processing facility. Tamar was discovered in 2009 and holds an estimated 8.5 trillion cubic feet of gas.[22]

March 31

  • Israeli singing group Milk and Honey won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1979. Israel won for the second time in a row with the song Hallelujah.[23]
  • Ehud Banai, an israeli singer and song writer, was born on 31 March 1953 in Jerusalem. Ehud Banai come from a Persian and Afghani Jewish descent family of musicians and artists. After his discharge from the army he traveled for a year around Europe and then he went to london and there he played with a guiter and harmonica in London Undergrounds for six months, and made his decision to finally become a musician. His music was influenced by western rock, Arabic, Persian, Indian music and even has influences of poetic songs from the synagogue.[24]


April 1

April 2

April 3

  • An Israeli team at Hadassah Academic College in Jerusalem designed a prosthetic fin to save a turtle, revealed on 3 April 2014. The endangered green sea turtle, called Freedom, lost two flippers when it was entangled in a fishing net.[25]

April 4

  • A 32-foot tall, 60,000 ton stone monument found in the Sea of Galilee in 2003 is determined to be man-made, dating to approximately 2000 B.C, according to a study published by Israeli researchers on 4 February 2013 in the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology.[26]

April 5

April 6

April 7

April 8

  • An international team of astronomers, including scientists from Israel, has detected two new Be stars residing in the open cluster NGC 6830, located some 5,300 light years away from earth. Their findings, could shed new light on the presence of this type of star in old open clusters like NGC 6830, were reported on 8 April 2016.[27]

April 9

April 10

  • Israeli mathematician Avi Wigderson won the A.M. Turing Award from the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), recognizing his profound contributions to the mathematical underpinnings of computation on 10 April 2024.

April 11

April 12

April 13

April 14

April 15

  • A team of researchers from Israel and Italy has discovered a species of ascidian, a marine animal commonly found in the Gulf of Eilat, capable of regenerating all of its organs—even if it is dissected into three fragments. Their findings were published in the journal Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology on 15 April 2021.[28]
  • A team of researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Institute of Archaeology, and the Austrian Academy of Science's, Austrian Archaeological Institute, has identified a piece of writing on a shard of pottery unearthed in 2018 at the Lachish archaeological site as the oldest piece of writing ever found in Israel. Their findings were published in Cambridge University Press's, Antiquity on 15 April 2021.[29]
  • Israeli scientists from the Tel Aviv University have printed the world's first 3D heart from human tissue, as reported in Advanced Science on 15 April 2019, considered as a major medical breakthrough that advances transplant possibilities.[30]

April 16

April 17

  • Israeli scientists have produced hydrogen from plants in a development that they hope could eventually lead to using vegetation to produce electricity. The discovery was made by using microscopic algae, an aquatic plant, as revealed in the Energy & Environmental Science journal on 17 April 2020.[31]
  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was named on Time magazine's 100 most influential people list on 17 April 2019.

April 18

April 19

April 20

April 21

  • Israel became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), an organization commenced to deal with the rules of trade between nations, on 21 April 1995.

April 22

  • Israeli singer Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1978 for the song Abanibi. The final took place on April 22, 1978 in France.[32]

April 23

  • Dan Shechtman from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Israel on 23 April 2014 was elected as a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences for his contributions in Computer Sciences.[33]
  • By sequencing the DNA of nearly 40 ancient skeletons found in the Mitelelbe Saale region of Germany, scientists from Israel and an international team have suggested that the foundations of the modern European gene pool were laid down in the Neolithic era, between 4,000 and 2,000 BC. Their findings were published on 23 April 2013 in the journal Nature Communications.[34]

April 24

April 25

April 26

  • Israeli scientists have resolved the nearly 100 year-old puzzle of the crystal structure of vaterite and concluded that vaterite is composed of at least two different crystal structures that "coexist within a pseudo-single crystal." Their findings were published on 26 April 2013 in the journal Science.[35]

April 27

April 28

April 29

April 30


May 1

May 2

May 3

May 4

May 5

May 6

  • A joint study by researchers from Tel Aviv University and the Hebrew University in Israel have discovered that Olive trees were first domesticated 7,000 years ago, according to their study published in the journal Scientific Reports on 6 May 2022.[36]
  • Doctors at the Rabin Medical Center-Beilinson Campus performed Israel's first full artificial heart transplant, according to an official announcement on 6 May 2012.[37]

May 7

May 8

May 9

  • On May 9, 2010 a Grey whale came to visit along the coast of Israel. The whale which was forty feet long, swam mile and a half off Herzelia, north of Tel-Aviv, and continued to swim south along the coast. This discovery was quite astonishing because the North Atlantic population of gray whale became extinct sometime in the 17th or 18th Century, for reasons that are not clear, and no sightings of the species had been made in the Atlantic Ocean since.[38]
  • Israeli pop singer Sharon Cohen, popularly known as Dana International, won the Eurovision Song Contest 1998 for the song Diva on 9 May 1998.[39]

May 10

May 11

May 12

May 13

  • Netta Barzilai of Israel won the 2018 Eurovision Song Contest in Lisbon with the song Toy. It was Israel’s fourth Eurovision title.[40]

May 14

May 15

May 16

May 17

  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered an ancient 2,000-year-old receipt carved into a chalkstone slab along the City of David’s Pilgrimage Road in Jerusalem, as revealed by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) on 17 May 2023.

May 18

May 19

  • The Band's Visit, is an acclaimed 2007 Israeli film directed by Eran Kolirin. The film was released on May 19, 2007 and won eight Israeli Ophir Prizes awarded by the Israeli Film Academy. The film is about the Alexandria Ceremonial Police Orchestra, that arrives in Israel from Egypt and about their journey in Israel.[41]

May 20

May 21

May 22

May 23

  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered a 2,700-year-old seal that bears the inscription "Bethlehem," according to an official announcement by the Israel Antiquities Authority on 23 May 2012, in what experts believe to be the oldest artifact with the name of Jesus' traditional birthplace.

May 24

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressed a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress on May 24, 2011, touching on different issues in the Middle East.[42]

May 25

May 26

May 27

May 28

May 29

  • Israeli President Shimon Peres was named as one of the winners of Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States, on 29 May 2012 in the Foreign Heads of State or Government category.[43]

May 30

May 31


June 1

  • Researchers from Israel and their international colleagues have manufactured a chip on which fast electronic signals can be converted directly into ultrafast light signals—with practically no loss of signal quality. The discovery was published in the journal Nature Electronics on 1 June 2020.[44]

June 2

June 3

June 4

  • The Hula painted frog not seen for 60 years and declared extinct, recently rediscovered in Israel, has been reclassified as a "living fossil" by researchers from Israel, Germany and France. Their study was published in the journal Nature Communications on 4 June 2013.[45]

June 5

June 6

June 7

June 8

  • Israel and the European Union (EU) on 8 June 2014 signed an agreement allowing Israel to associate with Horizon 2020, the new EU research and innovation programme. Under the terms of the agreement, Israel will have the same access to the programme as EU Member States and other Associated Countries. In return, it will contribute to the Horizon 2020 budget.[46]

June 9

June 10

  • Israel and Colombia signed a free trade agreement on 10 June 2013 during Colombian President Juan Manuel Santo's visit in Israel. The agreement, to come into effect by the end of the year, will reduce tariffs on industrial and agricultural products between the two countries, and enable Israeli companies and individuals to invest with greater ease in the Colombian economy.[47]

June 11

June 12

  • Israeli scientist Daniel Hillel was named winner of the 2012 World Food Prize for his work to bring water to crops in dry-land regions that revolutionized food production, first in the Middle East and then around the world over the past five decades.

June 13

June 14

June 15

June 16

  • Israeli artist Matan Ben-Cnaan won the 2015 BP Portrait Award for his allegorical portrait titled Annabelle and Guy. It was the first time an Israeli artist won the award.

June 17

June 18

June 19

June 20

June 21

June 22

  • Israeli archaeologists on 22 June 2022 unveiled a 1,200-year-old mosque in the Bedouin city of Rahat that sheds light on the region’s transition from Christianity to Islam, the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) said in a statement.

June 23

  • Natural gas from the Noa field in the Mediterranean started to flow from 23 June 2012 which will help Israel tackle electricity shortage.[48]

June 24

June 25

  • Researchers in Israel have identified a previously unknown type of ancient human that lived alongside our species more than 100,000 years ago. Their findings consist of a partial skull and jaw from an individual who lived between 140,000 and 120,000 years ago, as published in the journal Science on 25 June 2021.[49]

June 26

  • Israeli NGO Save a Child’s Heart that provides life-saving cardiac surgery for children from developing countries received the 2018 United Nations Population.[50]

June 27

June 28

June 29

  • The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves, a series of adjacent caves in the Mount Carmel region in Israel, was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List on 29 June 2012.[51]

June 30


July 1

July 2

July 3

  • Israeli and American scientists have discovered that eye movements can be used as an index of humans’ sense of touch, according to their study published in the journal Nature Communications on 3 July 2020.[52]

July 4

July 5

July 6

  • Israel on 6 July 2020 successfully launched a new reconnaissance satellite, called Ofek 16, into orbit from the Palmachim air base in central Israel.

July 7

July 8

July 9

July 10

July 11

  • Rina Messinger from Israel won the 1976 Miss Universe crown on July 11, 1976. Rina was the first Israeli women to win the Miss Universe title.

July 12

July 13

July 14

  • Saudi Arabia's General Authority of Civil Aviation on 14 July 2022 announced a decision to allow all air carriers including Israeli airlines to fly in the Kingdom's airspace that meet the requirements of the authority.

July 15

  • Archaeologists from Israel and Italy have discovered a mysterious 12m long monolith in the deep sea off the coast of Sicily. The monolith was built at least 9,300 years ago and was described in the Journal of Archaeological Science on 15 July 2015.[53]
  • Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba three archaeological mounds or hills (also known as tells) were included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 2005. Of more than 200 tells in Israel, Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba are representative of tells that contain substantial remains of cities with biblical connections.[54]

July 16

July 17

  • Shmuel Yosef Agnon from Israel , born on 17 July 1888, jointly won the 1966 Nobel Prize in Literature for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people.[55]

July 18

July 19

  • Israel joined the Olympic Games for the first time in 1952. The 1952 Summer Olympic Games were held in Helsinki, Finland from 19 July to 03 August, 1952.[56]

July 20

July 21

July 22

July 23

July 24

July 25

  • Israeli researchers at the University of Haifa have found a method to utilize residues from watermelons to produce ethanol, a biological alternative fuel for vehicles, as reported on 25 July 2020.

July 26

July 27

July 28

July 29

July 30

  • Yael Arad won first ever Olympic medal for Israel. She won silver in judo's under-61 kg category for women. [Year 1992].

July 31

  • Oren Smadja won an Olympic bronze medal in the under 71 category at the Summer Olympics as second ever Israeli. [Year 1992].


August 1

  • Archaeologists believe some mysterious clay and stone artefacts from Neolithic period found in Israel could be the earliest known 'matches'. The research was published in the open access journal Plos One on 1 August 2012.[57]

August 2

  • Israeli firm SpacePharma launched a remote-controlled lab into space on 2 August 2023 to conduct medical experiments in a microgravity environment, according to a statement by the Israel Space Agency (ISA).

August 3

August 4

  • Runner Lonah Chemtai Salpeter of Israel won gold in the 10,000m Women’s final at the 2018 European Championships.[58]
  • The head of Israeli international aid group IsraAID, Navonel Glick, won the Spirituality Award at the 2016 Muhammad Ali Humanitarian Awards for his work to provide relief in areas of crisis throughout the world.

August 5

  • An Israeli archaeologist working in East Jerusalem discovered a major public building from around the 10th century BC. The building thought to be the fabled palace of the biblical King David.[59]

August 6

August 7

August 8

  • Israel, Greece and Cyprus on 8 August 2013 signed an agreement in Nicosia for the linking of their electricity grids via a 2,000-megawatt underwater cable – known as the EuroAsia Interconnector. According to the agreement, the three countries will also work together to protect natural gas fields, and will cooperate with treatment of sewage as well as recycling water for use in farming.[60]

August 9

August 10

August 11

August 12

August 13

August 14

August 15

  • Israeli photographer Moshe Cohen was announced as the winner of Attention to Detail Award at the Bird Photographer of the Year 2020.[61]
  • Israeli researcher Roi Granot at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev has identified that the eastern Mediterranean Sea contains the world's oldest oceanic crust still in place and could be almost 340 million years-old. The findings were reported on 15 August 2016 in Nature Geoscience.[62]

August 16

  • Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 16 August 2020 inaugurated direct telephone services between their countries as part of their efforts to normalise relations.

August 17

August 18

  • Israeli scientists have used brain cancer patients' own cells in a form of 3D printing material to make a model of their tumor to test the efficacy of potential treatments before using them for real inside the body, as revealed in the journal Science Advances on 18 August 2021.[63]

August 19

August 20

August 21

August 22

August 23

  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered an ancient Canaanite-Egyptian fortress in southern Israel, dating back to about 3,200 years ago, the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) said 23 August 2020.
  • Israeli archaeologists on 23 August 2017 unveiled a 1,500-year-old portion of Greek Christian mosaic floor, discovered in east Jerusalem, bearing the names of Byzantine Emperor Justinian and a senior Orthodox priest.

August 24

  • A collaborative effort by researchers from Israel and their international colleagues have confirmed the existence of a rocky planet named Proxima b orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our sun, according to a new study published in journal Nature on 24 August 2016.[64]

August 25

August 26

August 27

August 28

August 29

August 30

August 31


September 1

September 2

September 3

September 4

  • Israel and Nepal released a joint stamp on 4 September 2012 featuring Dead Sea and Mount Everest — the lowest and the highest places on earth - meant to mark decades of cooperation between the two countries.

September 5

September 6

  • One-year-old Israeli twin girls, who were born joined back-to-back at the head, have been separated after a rare 12-hour operation at Soroka Medical Center in Beersheba, Israel, as widely reported on 6 September 2021.
  • Israeli movie Daily Bread won the Venice Short Film Nominee for the European Film Award at the 2014 Venice Film Festival.

September 7

September 8

  • Israeli tennis player Noam Gershony won gold in the Quad Singles Wheelchair Tennis at the 2012 London Paralympics on 8 September 2012 beating American David Wagner 6-3, 6-1 in the final.[65]

September 9

  • Israeli archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar of Jerusalem's Hebrew University has uncovered a rare trove of ancient coins and medallions near Jerusalem's Temple Mount, as revealed on 9 September 2013.[66]

September 10

September 11

  • Israel and Bahrain agreed to establish full diplomatic relations in a historic breakthrough announced on 11 September 2020.

September 12

September 13

  • A team of researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have developed an inexpensive, environmentally friendly and safe hydrogen production technology from water. Their research was detailed in Nature Energy on 13 September 2019.[67]

September 14

September 15

September 16

September 17

September 18

September 19

September 20

September 21

September 22

  • Israeli researchers, using a simple membrane extract from spinach leaves, have developed a bio-photo-electro-chemical (BPEC) cell that produces electricity and hydrogen from water using sunlight. Their findings, pave the way for the development of new technologies for the creation of clean fuels from renewable sources: water and solar energy, were revealed on 22 September 2016.

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 28

September 29

September 30


October 1

October 2

October 3

October 4

October 5

  • The 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Dan Shechtman from Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel for the discovery of quasicrystals.[68]

October 6

  • Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko from Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2004 for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.[69]

October 7

  • Ada E. Yonath from Israel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2009 for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome. Ribosomes produce proteins, which in turn control the chemistry in all living organisms. Ms. Ada became the first Israeli woman to win a Nobel Prize.[70]

October 8

October 9

October 10

  • Mathematician Robert J. Aumann from Israel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for 2005 for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis.

October 11

October 12

  • Archaeologists have discovered a 1,500-year-old wine-making complex, said to have been the world's largest at the time, in the central town of Yavne, south of Tel Aviv in Israel, as widely reported on 12 October 2021.
  • Israel and Hamas from Palestine agreed to one of the largest prisoner swaps in modern history on October 12, 2011. Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, who has been held in captivity in the Gaza Strip for five years, is set to be freed in coming days in return for the release of up to 1000 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. The news was greeted with exultation by both Jews and Palestinians.

October 13

October 14

  • The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize jointly to Israeli politicians Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East. By concluding the Oslo Accords, and subsequently following them up, Peres, Rabin and Arafat have made substantial contributions to a historic process through which peace and cooperation can replace war and hate.[71]

October 15

October 16

October 17

October 18

October 19

  • Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) agreed to visa-free travel on 19 October 2020 as an agreement signed during the first ever official visit by a UAE delegation in Tel Aviv.
  • Olive trees in the Jerusalem garden revered by Christians as the place where Jesus Christ prayed before he was crucified have been dated to at least 900 years old, among the oldest in the world, according to a study released on 19 October 2012.[72]

October 20

October 21

October 22

October 23

October 24

  • Israel and Sudan on 24 October 2020 agreed to normalise relations between the two countries in a US-brokered deal.

October 25

October 26

  • Treaty of peace between Israel and Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was signed on October 26, 1994. The signing ceremony took place at the southern border crossing of Arabah Valley, and Jordan became the second Arab country after Egypt to normalize relations with Israel.[73]

October 27

  • Emily Elhacham of Israel was awarded the 2016 Green Talent prize by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research for her research focus on developing and using sensing technologies and Systems.[74]

October 28

October 29

October 30

October 31


November 1

November 2

November 3

  • Israel's Zeruya Shalev won France's Femina literary prize 2014 for The Remains of Love, a novel about a mother who in her twilight years reflects on her two children, one of whom she loves intensely and another she cannot love enough. Shalev scooped the foreign-language section of the award.

November 4

  • Israeli start-up High Hopes Labs developed a balloon system that captures carbon dioxide for recycling in the upper atmosphere, as revealed on 4 November 2021.
  • Israeli researcher Dr. Gilad Evrony won the prestigious 2016 Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology for his work on developing technologies to sequence and analyze the genomes of single cells from the human brain.[75]

November 5

November 6

November 7

November 8

November 9

November 10

November 11

  • Israeli archaeologists on 11 November 2020 unveiled a fortified structure, a 3,000-year-old fort, from the time of the King David near the Jewish settlement of Hispin.

November 12

November 13

November 14

November 15

November 16

November 17

November 18

November 19

November 20

  • President of Egypt Anwar Sadat came to an official visit to Israel and became the first Arab leader to do so and spoke before the Knesset in Jerusalem on November 20, 1977. In his three day visit, he visited Yad Vashem, prayed in Al-Aqsa Mosque and met with the then Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. [76]

November 21

November 22

  • Israeli TV show Tehran won the prestigious 2021 International Emmy Awards for best drama.

November 23

  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered a small figurine, almost 4,000 years old and sitting in a pensive pose, in Yehud, east of Tel Aviv, as announced on 23 November 2016.[77]

November 24

November 25

November 26

  • The European Union (EU) and Israel reached an agreement on 26 November 2013 enabling Israel's scientific community to benefit from one of the most important EU programmes and facilitate its further integration into the European space of research and innovation.[78]
  • Linor Abargil from Israel won the 48th Miss World pageant at the age of 18. The event was held on November 26, 1998 in Seychelles. Abargil was the first Israeli woman to win the Miss World title.[79]

November 27

  • Israeli researchers have developed bacteria called Escherichia coli, which consume carbon-di-oxide (CO2) for energy instead of organic compounds, as revealed on 27 November 2019.[80]
  • Archaeologists have uncovered a 10,000-year-old house and a 6,000-year-old temple among other amazing finds near Jerusalem in Israel. The finds provide a fascinating glimpse into thousands of years of human development as the site was opened to the public on 27 November 2013.[81]

November 28

  • Archaeologists in Israel have discovered a 9000-Year-Old pink and yellow sandstone object, designed to resemble a human face, in the West Bank, as announced on 28 November 2018.

November 29

November 30


December 1

December 2

December 3

December 4

December 5

December 6

December 7

December 8

December 9

  • In a rare display of regional cooperation, Israel, Jordan and the State of Palestine on 9 December 2013 signed a historic water-sharing initiative at the World Bank in Washington that is expected to protect water resources in the region amid rising demand. Initiatives under the agreement include the development of a desalination plant in Aqaba at the head of the Red Sea, where the water produced will be shared between Israel and Jordan; increased releases of water by Israel from Lake Tiberias for use in Jordan; and the sale of about 20-30 million m3/year of desalinated water from Mekorot (the Israeli water utility) to the Palestinian Water Authority for use in the West Bank.[82]

December 10

  • Israel and Morocco agreed to establish diplomatic relations on 10 December 2020 in a deal brokered by the United States.
  • The Nobel Peace Prize for 1978 was awarded to Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, and Anwar al-Sadat, President of Egypt, for their contribution to the two frame agreements on peace in the Middle East, and on peace between Egypt and Israel, which were signed at Camp David on September 17, 1978.[83]

December 11

December 12

  • Israel and Bhutan announced the establishment of full diplomatic relations between the two countries on 12 December 2020.

December 13

  • Israeli scientists at the Israeli Agricultural Research Organization-Volcani Center have created a species of egg-laying hens that only produce females, a breakthrough that could help end the annual culling of around seven billion male chicks globally, as reported on 13 December 2022.

December 14

December 15

  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered a 2,800-year-old farmhouse in the area of modern day Rosh Ha’ayin, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced on 15 December 2014.[84]

December 16

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December 26

  • Israeli archeologists have discovered the remains of a 2,750-year-old ancient temple at the Tel Motza site, located to the west of Jerusalem, according to an official announcement on 26 December 2012.[85]

December 27

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December 31