Iceland

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Iceland
Flag
Iceland LF.gif
Location  Arctic Region
Capital  Reykjavík
Area  103,000 sq km
Population  343,518
"The comfort of the tree is the comfort of the bird"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Iceland Map.gif


January

January 1


  • Iceland became the first country in the world to legalise equal pay between men and women on 1 January 2018 in bid to close gender gap. Under the new rule, companies and government agencies with more than 25 employees will face fines if they can't demonstrate that men and women receive the same salary for the same job.

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January 9


  • Iceland ranked second at the Democracy Index of the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) with an overall score of 9.58, as published on 9 January 2019.

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  • An international team of researchers, that also includes researchers from Iceland, found links between Indians and Aboriginal Australians. The study, published in US journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 14 January 2013, found genetic links between Aborigines from the Northern Territory and Indians that pre-dated European arrival in Australia – going back between 4000 and 5000 years.[1]

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January 22


  • Iceland ranked second in the World Economic Forum's 2018 Inclusive Development Index's (IDI) list of advanced economies, an annual assessment of 103 countries’ economic performance that measures how countries perform on eleven dimensions of economic progress in addition to GDP.[2]

January 23


  • Iceland was crowned as the second greenest country in the world according to the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2016 published by Yale University, Columbia University and the World Economic Forum. The EPI index ranks the performance of each nation in protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems based on nine assessment areas that include air quality, climate and energy, forests and water resources.[3]

January 24


January 25


  • Iceland secured the second position at the Democracy Index compiled by the UK based Economist Intelligence Unit with a score of 9.50 out of 10, as published on 25 January 2017.

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February

February 1


  • Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir became the first female Prime Minister of Iceland on February 1, 2009. She also made headlines as the world's first openly gay female head of government.[4]

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February 15


  • Iceland ranked eighth in the world on how effectively children can access the justice system to defend their rights, according to a research report released on 15 February 2016 by Children Rights International Network (CRIN).[5]

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  • Iceland ranked as the world’s second safest country for the newborn with second lowest newborn mortality rates, according to an official report published by UNICEF on 20 February 2018.[6]

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  • Björk of Iceland won the best International Female Solo Artist award at the 2016 BRIT Awards in London.[7]

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March

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  • Iceland has made strong recovery from the 2008/9 financial crisis and soon expected to surpass pre-crisis economic output levels with strong performance in tourism and fisheries, as reported by the International Monetary Fund on 13 March 2015.[8]

March 14


March 15


  • Iceland was ranked as the world's fourth happiest country according to the annual UN report released on 15 March 2018.[9]

March 16


  • Iceland ranked as the third happiest country in the world according to the 2016 United Nations (UN) World Happiness Report.[10]

March 17


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March 20


  • Iceland was ranked as the third happiest country on Earth, according to a United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network report published on 20 March 2017.[11]

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April

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April 15


  • Iceland and China signed a free trade agreement on 15 April 2013. Iceland became the first European country to sign a free trade agreement with China, offering hope to the country’s recession-battered economy and giving Beijing a boost in enhancing its influence in the Arctic.[12]

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May

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May 11


  • Guðni Bergsson of Iceland was elected as a member of Fifa's Disciplinary Committee from Europe on 11 May 2017.[13]

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June

June 1


  • Iceland topped the list of the world’s most peaceful country , according to a report published by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) on 1 June 2017.[14]

June 2


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June 5


June 6


  • Iceland was ranked as the most peaceful country in the world according to the 2018 Global Peace Index (GPI) produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).[15]

June 7


  • Iceland was ranked as the third safest country in the world according to the annual Gallup Global Law and Order report published on 7 June 2018.

June 8


  • Iceland ranked as the top most peaceful nation in the world, according to the 2016 Global Peace Index published by the Institute for Economics and Peace, in an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' peacefulness.

June 9


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June 13


  • Iceland offers the third best family-friendly policies among 31 rich countries with available data, according to a new UNICEF report published on 13 June 2019.

June 14


June 15


  • Iceland football team on 15 June 2016 played their first ever match at a major tournament at the EURO 2016 against Portugal. Iceland became the least populated country to ever qualify for a major tournament.[16]

June 16


  • Iceland football team secured their historic first FIFA World Cup point in their debut match against Argentina with a 1-1 draw on 16 June 2018.

June 17


  • Iceland topped the list of the world's most peaceful countries at the 2015 Global Peace Index published by Institute for Economics & Peace.

June 18


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June 22


  • Iceland, whose economy has recovered rapidly following the 2008 collapse of its banking sector, on 22 June 2012 repaid $US483.7 million in loans to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), ahead of schedule. The early repayment, which follows another one of more than $900 million in March 2012, will reduce Iceland’s outstanding obligation to the IMF.[17]

June 23


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  • Iceland made history by making it through to their first ever quarter finals of the Euro 2016 football tournament after beating England 2-1.[18]

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July

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July 5


  • Vatnajökull National Park in Iceland, a volcanic region covers an area of over 1,400,000 ha, nearly 14% of Iceland's territory, was designated as the UNESCO World Heritage Site on 5 July 2019.[19]

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August

August 1


  • Vigdís Finnbogadóttir became the first female President of Iceland on 1 August 1980. She was the world's first democratically elected female head of state.

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August 11


  • Iceland won gold in the Mixed Team Golf at the 2018 European Championships.[20]

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  • Researchers from Iceland and an international team have set out the first comprehensive map of mutational processes behind the development of tumors - work that should in future lead to better ways to treat and prevent a wide range of cancers. Their study, published on 14 August 2013 in the journal Nature, discovered the genetic imprints and signatures left by DNA-damaging processes that lead to cancer.[21]

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September

September 1


September 2


  • Icelandic swimmer Jon Margeir Sverrisson won gold medal and set a new world record of 1:59:62 in the Men’s 200m freestyle in S14 class at the 2012 London Paralympic Games. He is the first Paralympian to break the two minutes in winning the gold in the 200m freestyle.[22]

September 3


September 4


  • Iceland was voted as the world’s eighth most beautiful country by the influential travel publisher Rough Guide’s readers, as published on 4 September 2017.[23]

September 5


September 6


  • Iceland men’s football team qualified for the UEFA European Championship for the very first time on 6 September 2015 after they drew with Kazakhstan 0-0 in the qualifiers.

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September 15


  • Iceland ranked as the third most democratic country in the world according to the Democracy Index 2014 published by the Economist on 15 September 2015.

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September 19


  • Edda Hamar of Iceland was recognized as one of the 2016 UN Young Leaders for the Sustainable Development Goals for building a movement pushing for sustainability and ethics in the fashion industry without compromising style.

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October

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October 9


  • Iceland football team qualified for the FIFA World Cup for the first time with a 2-0 win over Kosovo on 9 October 2017 and became the smallest nation ever to qualify for a World Cup finals.[24]

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October 18


  • The China-Iceland Arctic Science Observatory was inaugurated and officially began operation on 18 October 2018 in Karholl, northern Iceland to further the scientific understanding on Arctic phenomena.

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October 28


  • According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2014 by the World Economic Forum, Iceland ranked first with the smallest gender gap for the sixth year in a row. The report seeks to measure the relative gaps between women and men participations across four key areas: health, education, economy and politics.[25]

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November

November 1


November 2


  • For the ninth-year in a row, Iceland ranked as the world‘s most gender-equal country, according to the World Economic Forum‘s Global Gender Gap index published on 2 November 2017.[26]

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November 5


  • Iceland topped the Freedom on the Net index, assessing 65 countries on their levels of internet and digital media freedom, according to a report released on 5 November 2019 by Freedom House.[27]

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November 14


  • Iceland ranked second at the Freedom on the Net 2016 index compiled by Freedom House. This index is compiled based on the extent of freedom the citizens of 65 countries experienced on the Internet.[28]
  • Hólmfríður Karlsdóttir from Iceland won the 35th Miss World pageant at the age of 22 on 14 November 1985. She was the first woman from Iceland to win the title.[29]

November 15


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November 17


  • Linda Pétursdóttir from Iceland won the 38th Miss World pageant at the age of 18. The event was held on November 17, 1988 in the Royal Albert Hall, London. She was the second woman from Iceland to win the title.[29]

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November 19


  • Iceland was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 19 November 1946.[30]

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December

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December 10


  • Unnur Birna Vilhjálmsdóttir from Iceland won the 55th Miss World pageant at the age of 21. The event was held on December 10, 2005 at the Crown of Beauty Theatre in Sanya, China. Unnur was the third representative from Iceland to win the Miss World title.[29]
  • Halldór Kiljan Laxness from Iceland won the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1955 for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland. The award ceremony took place on December 10, 1955.[31]

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References


  1. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2013/01/09/1211927110
  2. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Forum_IncGrwth_2018.pdf
  3. http://issuu.com/2016yaleepi/docs/epi2016_final
  4. http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1875032,00.html
  5. https://www.crin.org/en/library/news-archive/press-release-first-global-ranking-access-justice-children-released
  6. https://www.unicef.org/media/media_102677.html
  7. http://www.brits.co.uk/news/bjrk-wins-international-female-solo-artist
  8. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2015/CAR031315A.htm
  9. https://s3.amazonaws.com/happiness-report/2018/WHR_web.pdf
  10. http://worldhappiness.report/news/2016/03/16/world-happiness-report-2016-update-ranks-happiest-countries/
  11. https://s3.amazonaws.com/sdsn-whr2017/HR17_3-20-17.pdf
  12. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/9995525/Iceland-first-European-country-to-sign-free-trade-agreement-with-China.html
  13. http://resources.fifa.com/mm/Document/AFFederation/Administration/02/88/36/92/20170511_CommitteeMembers_final_Neutral.pdf
  14. http://visionofhumanity.org/app/uploads/2017/06/GPI-2017-Report.pdf
  15. http://visionofhumanity.org/app/uploads/2018/06/Global-Peace-Index-2018-2.pdf
  16. http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuro/season=2016/teams/team=58/index.html
  17. http://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2012/pr12235.htm
  18. http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuro/season=2016/matches/round=2000744/match=2018003/index.html
  19. https://whc.unesco.org/en/news/2002
  20. https://www.europeanchampionships.com/results/en/golf/athlete-profile-ngowisltea50062-iceland.htm
  21. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature12477.html
  22. http://www.london2012.com/paralympics/swimming/event/men-200m-freestyle-s14/index.html
  23. https://www.roughguides.com/gallery/most-beautiful-country-in-the-world/
  24. http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/y=2017/m=10/news=a-party-without-a-hangover-for-jubilant-iceland-2912564.html
  25. http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2014/
  26. http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2017/press-release/
  27. https://www.freedomonthenet.org/report/freedom-on-the-net/2019/the-crisis-of-social-media
  28. https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/freedom-net-2016
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 http://www.missworld.com/
  30. http://www.un.org/en/members/
  31. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1955/