Difference between revisions of "Chile"

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* Chilean astronomers have discovered a second planet, β Pictoris c, circling Beta Pictoris, a fledgling star in our own galaxy offering astronomers a rare glimpse of a planetary system in the making, according to a study published in the journal Nature Astronomy on 19 August 2019.<ref>https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-019-0857-1</ref>
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Latest revision as of 00:15, 25 August 2019

Republic of Chile
Flag
Chile LF.gif
Location  South America
Capital  Santiago de Chile
Area  756,102 sq km
Population  17,925,262
"A stone at the bottom of a river does not worry about the rain"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

Daily Positive (D+) is a non-profit media initiative and it heavily relies on the generous support from everyone. Please consider a donation today. For more information send us email at info@dailypositive.org
Chile Map.gif


January

January 1


January 2


January 3


  • An international team of astronomers, that also includes researchers from Chile, studying a newborn star has caught a detailed glimpse of planets forming around it, revealing a never-before seen stage of planetary evolution. The research findings were published on 2 January 2013 in the journal Nature.[1]

January 4


January 5


January 6


January 7


January 8


  • Chile and the United States signed a Memorandum of Understanding on 8 January 2013 to increase cooperation and improve the management in conservation of marine and terrestrial protected areas.

January 9


January 10


January 11


  • Chile became the first South American country to be admitted to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), an international economic organisation, under an accession agreement signed on 11 January 2010. The entry into the group was a major stride for Chile towards joining the ranks of developed nations.[2]

January 12


January 13


January 14


January 15


  • An international team of astronomers, including researchers from Chile, have spotted a cosmic explosion about 200 times more powerful than a typical supernova, as published on 15 January 2016 in the journal Science. At its peak intensity, the explosion—called ASASSN-15lh—shone with 570 billion times the luminosity of the Sun.[3]

January 16


January 17


January 18


  • Chilean driver Ignacio Casale won the quad race in Dakar Rally on 18 January 2014. It was Chile’s first Dakar triumph.[4]

January 19


January 20


January 21


January 22


  • Chile ranked ninth in the World Economic Forum's 2018 Inclusive Development Index's (IDI) list of emerging economies, an annual assessment of 103 countries’ economic performance that measures how countries perform on eleven dimensions of economic progress in addition to GDP.[5]

January 23


January 24


January 25


January 26


January 27


  • After decades of debate, the United Nations' International Court of Justice on 27 January 2014 defined a new maritime boundary between Chile and Peru, awarding Peru parts of the Pacific Ocean and offering rich coastal fishing grounds to Chile.[6]

January 28


January 29


January 30


January 31



February

February 1


February 2


  • An international team of scientists, including researchers from Chile, has discovered the greatest absence of evolution ever reported — a type of deep-sea microorganism or sulfur bacteria that appears not to have evolved over more than 2 billion years. Their findings were published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 2 February 2015.[7]

February 3


February 4


February 5


February 6


February 7


February 8


February 9


February 10


February 11


February 12


February 13


February 14


  • Chilean director Patricio Guzman won a Silver Bear for best script at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival on 14 February 2015 for his documentary The Pearl Button.[8]

February 15


February 16


February 17


February 18


  • Chilean duo Sebastián Lelio and Gonzalo Maza won the Silver Bear for Best Screenplay award at the 67th Berlin International Film Festival on 18 February 2017 for their role in A Fantastic Woman.[9]

February 19


February 20


February 21


February 22


February 23


February 24


February 25


February 26


  • Scientists from Chile, the USA and Brazil have unearthed a mass graveyard of fossilized whales in Chile’s Atacama Desert. Their study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B on 26 February 2014, suggests toxins generated by algae blooms most likely poisoned the animals millions of years ago.[10]

February 27


February 28


  • Astronomers from Chile, the Netherlands, Germany and Switzerland using a powerful telescope in southern Chile have captured the direct image of a protoplanet forming around another star. It would be the first time that scientists have succeeded in observing this process and their research findings were published on 28 February 2013 in the journal The Astrophysical Journal Letters.[11]

February 29



March

March 1


March 2


March 3


March 4


  • Chilean film A Fantastic Woman won the Best Foreign Language Film award at the 90th Academy Awards on 4 March 2018.[12]
  • Chilean scientists have developed an ointment that have proved effective in combating melanoma, the most aggressive variety of skin cancer, as announced by the University of Santiago on 4 March 2016. After applying the ointment on animals, the scientists were able to improve the animals' life expectancy more than double that of treating cancer normally.[13]

March 5


  • Huilo Huilo biological reserve in Chile was named as the winner of the 2015 National Geographic World Legacy Award in the Conserving the Natural World category recognizing outstanding works for the preservation of nature.

March 6


March 7


March 8


March 9


March 10


  • Chile created a new law protecting the waters along its 6,400km (4,000 mile) coastline, as revealed on 10 March 2018, which creates nine marine reserves.

March 11


  • Michelle Bachelet Jeria, first female President of Chile, was in the office from 11 March 2006 to 11 March 2010.

March 12


March 13


  • The Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array, an array of radio telescopes in the Atacama desert of northern Chile, was inaugurated on 13 March 2013. It is the world's largest space observatory to date and is expected to help scientists unlock new information about the Universe.[14]

March 14


March 15


March 16


March 17


March 18


March 19


March 20


March 21


March 22


March 23


March 24


March 25


March 26


March 27


March 28


March 29


March 30


March 31



April

April 1


April 2


April 3


April 4


April 5


April 6


April 7


  • Gabriela Mistral, a Chilean poet, won the 1945 Nobel Prize in Literature. It was awarded to Mistral for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world. Mistral was born on 7 April 1889. She was the first ever Chilean Nobel Prize recipient.[15]

April 8


April 9


April 10


April 11


April 12


April 13


April 14


April 15


April 16


April 17


April 18


April 19


April 20


April 21


April 22


April 23


April 24


  • A team of scientists in Chile have found a human footprint that dates back more than 15,000 years -- the oldest one ever found in the Americas. The research was published on 24 April 2019 in the scientific journal PLOS-ONE.[16]

April 25


April 26


April 27


  • Chilean researchers and their international colleagues have discovered fossils of a new 9.8-foot-long dinosaur in Chile, named Chilesaurus diegosuarezi. The dinosaur - had a meat-free diet and munched on plants about 145 million years ago - was described on 27 April 2015 in the journal Nature.[17]

April 28


  • Chilean researchers have discovered a giant exoplanet orbiting a star 500 light years away from Earth. Their findings were published in the Astronomical Journal on 28 April 2015.[18]

April 29


  • Alberto Curamil of Chile, who organized his Mapuche community to stop the construction of two hydroelectric projects on the sacred Cautín River in Chile, won the prestigious Goldman Environmental Prize 2019.[19]

April 30



May

May 1


May 2


May 3


May 4


May 5


  • Chile's Cristian Garin won the 2019 Munich Open tennis title beating Italy’s Matteo Berrettini 6-1, 3-6, 7-6 (7/1) in the final.

May 6


May 7


May 8


May 9


May 10


May 11


May 12


May 13


May 14


May 15


  • Chilean scientists have contributed to discover the fastest growing black hole known in the universe, describing it as a monster that devours a mass equivalent to our sun every two days, as revealed on 15 May 2018.[20]

May 16


May 17


  • A team of Chilean and international astronomers have detected the most distant known source of oxygen in a galaxy of stars called MACS1149-JD1 13.28 billion light years away formed only 250 million years after the Big Bang. Their findings were reported in the journal Nature on 17 may 2018.[21]

May 18


May 19


  • An international team of astronomers from Chile, England and the USA have found evidence of ice and comets orbiting a nearby sun-like star named HD 181327, which could give a glimpse into how our own solar system developed, as revealed on 19 May 2016.[22]

May 20


May 21


May 22


  • Scientists from Chile and Germany have uncovered 46 specimens from four different species of extinct group of large, fast-swimming prehistoric marine reptiles near the Tyndall Glacier in the Torres del Paine National Park in Chile. The discovery was reported on 22 May 2014 in the journal Geological Society of America Bulletin.[23]

May 23


May 24


  • Chile’s environmental regulator blocked Canada-based Barrick Gold Corporation's $8.5-billion mining project in Chile on 24 May 2013. After a four-month investigation, Chile's Environmental Superintendent announced that all construction work on the mining project must stop until Barrick builds the systems it promised to put in place for containing contaminated water.[24]

May 25


May 26


May 27


  • Cecilia Carolina Bolocco Fonck of Chile was crowned as the 36th Miss Universe in 1987 at the age of 22. Cecilia is the first woman from Chile to win the title.

May 28


May 29


  • Chilean astronomers and their international colleagues have found a rare exoplanet, named as NGTS-4b, as revealed on 29 May 2019. The planet is three times the size of Earth and 20% smaller than Neptune and the planet has its own atmosphere.

May 30


May 31



June

June 1


June 2


June 3


June 4


June 5


June 6


June 7


June 8


June 9


June 10


June 11


June 12


  • Chile and other thirty-seven countries met internationally-set hunger eradication targets set for 2015 to halve the percentage of hungry people well ahead of time, the United Nations food agency revealed on 12 June 2013.[25]

June 13


June 14


June 15


June 16


June 17


June 18


June 19


June 20


June 21


  • Ancient Qhapac Ñan road system built by the Inca Empire spanning six countries in South America including Chile was granted World Heritage status by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2014.[26]

June 22


  • Chile's Lan Airlines completed a takeover of Brazil’s Tam on 22 June 2012 after two years of negotiations, creating the world's second-largest airline by market value, to be known as Latam.[27]

June 23


  • Chile successfully launched a satellite on board the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C38 powered by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 23 June 2017.[28]

June 24


June 25


June 26


  • Chile beat Argentina in penalty shootout 4-2 to win the 2016 Copa America football tournament as the game ended scoreless after 120 minutes. It was Chile' second Copa America title in two years.[29]

June 27


  • In a world first, an international team of astronomers and Chilean scientists have determined the precise location of a powerful one-off burst of cosmic radio waves – and the results were published online by the journal Science on 27 June 2019.[30]

June 28


June 29


June 30



July

July 1


July 2


July 3


July 4


  • Chile won the Copa America football title for the first time in their history with a 4-1 victory on penalties over Argentina on 4 July 2015, after the teams finished the regulation and extra time at 0-0.[31]

July 5


July 6


July 7


July 8


July 9


July 10


July 11


  • An international team of astronomers in Chile using a powerful telescope have observed what appears to be evidence of the existence of dark galaxies, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) announced on 11 July 2012.[32]

July 12


  • Pablo Neruda, a Chilean poet and politician, won the 1971 Nobel Prize in Literature for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams. Neruda was born in Chile on 12 July 1904. He was the second ever Chilean Nobel Prize recipient.[33]

July 13


July 14


July 15


July 16


July 17


July 18


July 19


July 20


July 21


July 22


July 23


July 24


July 25


July 26


July 27


July 28


July 29


July 30


July 31



August

August 1


August 2


August 3


  • Chile made history on 3 August 2018 when it became the first country in Latin America to ban the commercial use of plastic bags.

August 4


August 5


August 6


August 7


August 8


August 9


August 10


  • Former two-time Chilean President Michelle Bachelet officially appointed as new High Commissioner for UN Human Rights on 10 August 2018.[34]

August 11


August 12


August 13


August 14


August 15


August 16


August 17


August 18


August 19


  • Chilean astronomers have discovered a second planet, β Pictoris c, circling Beta Pictoris, a fledgling star in our own galaxy offering astronomers a rare glimpse of a planetary system in the making, according to a study published in the journal Nature Astronomy on 19 August 2019.[35]

August 20


August 21


August 22


August 23


August 24


  • A collaborative effort by researchers from Chile and their international colleagues have confirmed the existence of a rocky planet named Proxima b orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our sun, according to a new study published in journal Nature on 24 August 2016.[36]

August 25


August 26


August 27


August 28


August 29


August 30


August 31



September

September 1


September 2


September 3


September 4


  • Chilean writer Pedro Lemebel was announced winner of the 2013 Jose Donoso Ibero-American Literature Award.

September 5


September 6


  • Chilean scientists and a team of international researchers have discovered a galaxy supercluster forming in the early Universe, just 2.3 billion years after the Big Bang. This galaxy proto-supercluster, nicknamed Hyperion, is the largest and most massive structure yet found at such a remote time and distance, as revealed in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics on 6 September 2018.[37]

September 7


  • Chilean Christian Valenzuela and Christopher Guajardo (Guide) won the Men's 5000m T11 race final at the London Paralympic Games on 7 September 2012. It was Chile's first gold medal at the Paralympics.[38]

September 8


September 9


September 10


September 11


September 12


September 13


September 14


September 15


September 16


  • Chile was recognised as the Leading Adventure Tourism Destination in Latin America at the 2018 World Travel Awards.[39]

September 17


September 18


  • September 18 is celebrated in Chile as Independence Day. On September 18, 1810 Chile declared Independence from Spain which has been a long and hard-fought process spanning over a decade.[40]

September 19


September 20


September 21


September 22


September 23


September 24


September 25


September 26


September 27


  • Chile and Peru signed a memorandum of understanding on 27 September 2012 between the two countries and NGO Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) regarding the demining process of Chile’s northern border. The memorandum, a sign of collaboration, outlines a mutually agreed upon territory for demining efforts and the conditions and methods to be used by the NPA.[41]

September 28


September 29


September 30



October

October 1


October 2


October 3


October 4


October 5


  • The Chilean government on 5 October 2015 announced the creation of the largest marine reserve in the Americas in its Pacific waters where commercial fishing will be restricted.[42]

October 6


October 7


October 8


  • Chile opened their first Small Business Development Center (SBDC) in Valparaiso, Chile with the guidance of the University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) Institute for Economic Development, as announced on 8 October 2015. The aim is to provide quality one-on-one advising services as well as group training and to facilitate customized market research for Chilean small businesses.[43]

October 9


October 10


October 11


October 12


October 13


  • The first female president of Chile Michelle Bachelet was included in the BBC global list of 100 inspirational and innovative women for 2017.
  • A day of thrill and joy worldwide as the 33 trapped Chilean miners were rescued from 700 m or 2,300 ft below ground. The miners were trapped for a record 69 days. They were rescued one by one on 13th October, 2010 after days of efficient and inspired efforts from engineers and others from different parts of the world.[44]

October 14


October 15


October 16


  • Chile was elected to the UN Human Rights Council on 16 October 2017 for a 3-year term starting on 1 January 2018.[45]

October 17


  • Chile was elected as a non-permanent member of the U.N. Security Council on 17 October 2013 for the years 2014-2015.

October 18


October 19


October 20


October 21


October 22


October 23


October 24


  • Chile was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 24 October 1945.[46]

October 25


October 26


October 27


October 28


October 29


October 30


  • Astronomers in Chile discovered a ghostly nebula shining about 5,000 light-years from Earth, is also the coldest known object in the universe to date, according to an official announcement on 30 October 2013.

October 31



November

November 1


November 2


November 3


November 4


November 5


November 6


November 7


November 8


November 9


November 10


November 11


November 12


November 13


November 14


November 15


November 16


November 17


November 18


November 19


November 20


November 21


November 22


November 23


November 24


November 25


November 26


  • Hil Hernández from Chile won the 2006 Miss Earth crown on 26 November 2006. Hil became the first Chilean woman to win the title.[47]

November 27


November 28


November 29


November 30



December

December 1


December 2


December 3


December 4


December 5


  • President of Chile Michelle Bachelet won the 2017 UN Champions of the Earth award in the Policy Leadership category for outstanding leadership in creating marine protected areas and boosting renewable energy.[48]

December 6


December 7


December 8


December 9


December 10


December 11


December 12


December 13


December 14


December 15


December 16


December 17


December 18


December 19


December 20


December 21


December 22


December 23


December 24


December 25


December 26


  • First of a regular line of cargo planes carrying 100 tonnes of Chilean cherries and blueberries landed in northeast China's Shenyang on 26 December 2015. With the introduction of this regular charter flights Chilean fruit exports to China are expected to grow in the following years.

December 27


December 28


December 29


December 30


December 31



References


  1. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature11769.html
  2. http://www.oecd.org/document/1/0,3746,en_21571361_44315115_44365210_1_1_1_1,00.html
  3. http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6270/257.short
  4. http://www.dakar.com/dakar/2014/us/stage-13/rankings/overall-quads.html
  5. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Forum_IncGrwth_2018.pdf
  6. http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/137/17928.pdf
  7. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/01/27/1419241112
  8. https://www.berlinale.de/media/pdf_word/service_7/65_ifb_1/65_Berlinale_Awards.pdf
  9. https://www.berlinale.de/media/pdf_word/service_7/67_ifb_1/67_Berlinale_Awards.pdf
  10. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1781/20133316.full
  11. http://iopscience.iop.org/2041-8205/766/1/L1
  12. http://oscar.go.com/news/2018/oscar-winners-2018-see-the-full-list
  13. http://www.usach.cl/news/investigadores-del-plantel-desarrollan-unguento-combate-cancer-piel
  14. http://www.almaobservatory.org/en/press-room/press-releases/533-alma-inauguration-heralds-new-era-of-discovery
  15. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1945/
  16. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213572
  17. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature14307.html
  18. http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-3881/149/5/166/article
  19. https://www.goldmanprize.org/blog/introducing-the-2019-goldman-environmental-prize-winners/
  20. http://www.anu.edu.au/news/all-news/astronomers-find-fastest-growing-black-hole-known-in-space
  21. http://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0117-z.epdf
  22. http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/first-evidence-of-icy-comets-orbiting-a-sun-like-star
  23. http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/content/early/2014/05/22/B30964.1.abstract
  24. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2013/05/201352516148473596.html
  25. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=45153
  26. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1156
  27. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-18560343
  28. http://www.isro.gov.in/update/23-jun-2017/pslv-c38-successfully-launches-31-satellites-single-flight
  29. http://www.ca2016.com/matches/32
  30. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2019/06/26/science.aaw5903
  31. http://www.ca2015.com/en/news/chiles-long-wait-for-copa-america-glory-over-as-argentina-pay-the-penalty/fsm6m1235m9p1bizg5frh3rey
  32. http://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1228/
  33. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1971/
  34. https://news.un.org/en/story/2018/08/1016782
  35. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-019-0857-1
  36. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v536/n7617/full/nature19106.html
  37. https://www.eso.org/public/archives/releases/sciencepapers/eso1833/eso1833a.pdf
  38. http://www.london2012.com/paralympics/athletics/event/men-5000m-t11/index.html
  39. https://www.worldtravelawards.com/award-south-americas-leading-adventure-tourism-destination-2018
  40. http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/thehistoryofchile/p/09chileindependence.htm
  41. http://www.minrel.gob.cl/prontus_minrel/site/artic/20120927/pags/20120927221714.php
  42. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/10/151005-desventuradas-islands-marine-protected-area-conservation-science/
  43. http://iedtexas.org/chile-opens-first-of-50-small-business-development-centers-with-the-guidance-of-utsa-institute-for-economic-developmentchile-opens-first-of-50-small-business-development-centers-with-the-guidance-of-u/
  44. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/blog/2010/oct/13/chilean-miners-rescue-live-updates
  45. http://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=22248
  46. http://www.un.org/en/members/
  47. http://www.missearth.tv/titleholders.php
  48. http://web.unep.org/championsofearth/press-release/un-environment-reveals-2017-champions-earth