|Location South America
|Capital Buenos Aires
|Area 2,780,400 sq km
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<googlemap type="map" zoom="3" width="250" height="200" lat="-38.416097" lon="-63.616672" controls="non" scale="no" selector="non"> -38.416097, -63.616672, Argentina </googlemap>
- Argentina officially took over the G20 Presidency on 1 January 2018 for next 365 days. The G-20 is the pre-eminent forum for world leaders to collectively debate and address the most pressing global challenges.
- Pope Francis named Luis Hector Villalba of Argentina as a cardinal among a new batch of cardinals selected by Pope on 4 January 2015.
- Argentine archaeologists from the La Matanza University have discovered a well-preserved fossil of a prehistoric deer just to the north of Buenos Aires. The fossil - which hasn't yet been given a definitive age - was revealed on 7 January 2019.
- Argentina's iconic bookstore Ateneo Grand Splendid was named the World's Most Beautiful Bookstore by travel magazine National Geographic on 7 January 2019.
- Lionel Messi of Argentina won the FIFA Ballon d'Or as the best player on 7 January 2013. Messi became first player to be crowned world's best footballer by FIFA four times.
- Argentine football legend Lionel Messi won the FIFA Ballon d'Or award for the world's best player for the fifth time on 11 January 2016.
- Argentine tennis star Juan Martin Del Potro on 11 January 2014 outclassed defending champion Bernard Tomic of Australia 6-3, 6-1 in a 53-minute final of the Sydney International.
- Argentina and United Arab Emirates on 16 January 2013 signed an agreement on peaceful uses of nuclear energy during an official visit to Abu Dhabi by Argentine president Cristina Fernandez.
- An international team of researchers, including scientists from Argentina, have identified fossilized remains of four ancient snakes between 140 and 167 million years old, rolling back the clock on snake evolution by nearly 70 million years. They have described these oldest snake fossils on 27 January 2015 in the journal Nature Communications.
- A herbivorous dinosaur that fended off predators with a row of spines running along its back and lived 140 million years ago has been discovered in Argentine Patagonia. The discovery of the new species of dicraeosauridae, christened Bajadasaurus pronuspinax, was revealed in Scientific Reports on 4 February 2019.
- Argentine footballer Sergio Aguero was named the Barclays Premier League player of the month on 5 February 2016 for his performance with Manchester City. Aguero won the award for the third time.
- The black comedy anthology Wild Tales, written and directed by Argentine film director Damian Szifron, won the 2016 BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language.
- Argentina ranked eleventh in the world on how effectively children can access the justice system to defend their rights, according to a research report released on 15 February 2016 by Children Rights International Network (CRIN).
- Argentine photographer Rodrigo Abd won the first prize for general news single photograph category at the 2013 World Press Photo awards for his image of a woman with a bloodstained face weeping in Syria, when her house was shelled by the Syrian Army.
- Scientists from Argentina and their international colleagues have determined that the modern-day armadillo had an interesting ancestor — an animal the size of a car and named Doedicurus. Their findings were confirmed based on the DNA analysis of a 12,000-year-old fossil from Argentina, as published in the journal Current Biology on 22 February 2016.
- An international team of researchers, including Argentine scientists, has for the first time identified a gene called IRF4 responsible for greying hair. Their study published in Nature Communications on 1 March 2016 confirms greying has a genetic component and is not just environmental.
- Argentine film director Juan Jose Campanella's thriller film The Secret in Their Eyes won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2010 at the 82nd Academy Awards ceremony.
- Argentine and Brazilian scientists have discovered the world’s first naturally fluorescent frog Hypsiboas punctatus in Argentina. In normal light the polka-dot tree frog has a dull complexion – but under UV light it glows bright green, as reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 13 March 2017.
- Argentina on 13 March 2015 signed an agreement with the European Research Council (ERC) to facilitate top Argentinian scientists to visit Europe as members of research teams lead by European Research Council grant holders.
- Jorge Mario Bergoglio, a 76-year-old Argentine cardinal from Buenos Aires, was elected as the 266th leader or Pope of the Roman Catholic Church on 13 March 2013. He became the first ever Latin American Pope.
- Argentine scientists have discovered a nearly complete 3.5 million years old skeleton of a giant predatory bird in the cliffs of La Estafeta beach in Argentina. The newly discovered bird was named Llallawavis scagliali and reported in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology on 20 March 2015.
- Professor Amy T. Austin of Argentina received the 2018 L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Award from Latin America region for her remarkable contributions to understanding terrestrial ecosystem ecology in natural and human-modified landscapes.
- Professor Andrea Gamarnik of Argentina was named as one of five winners of the 2016 prestigious L’Oréal-UNESCO for Women in Science Award for her research that has the potential to control the spread of the dengue virus, while 390 million people suffer from the infection every year.
- Argentine drama film The Official Story, is about a high school teacher who goes in search of her adopted daughter's mother, won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 58th Academy Awards on March 24, 1986.
- Argentina and Bolivia on 26 March 2015 signed an agreement on cooperation in the peaceful uses of Nuclear energy. The agreement is aimed at strengthening the scientific, technical and financial cooperation between the two countries.
- Argentinian author and illustrator Isol won the 2013 Astrid Lindgren Memorial Award, world's biggest prize for children's literature, for her ability to expose the absurdities of the adult world to children.
- Sofia Gatica from Argentina won the 2012 Goldman Environmental Prize, considered as the Nobel Prize for grassroots environmentalism, on 16 April 2012. Sofia was awarded for organizing local women to stop indiscriminate spraying of toxic agrochemicals in neighboring soy fields.
- Argentine businessman Eduardo Eurnekian was announced as the winner of the prestigious 2012 Oslo Business for Peace Award for his strong commitment to peace, reconciliation and ethical business practices.
- Argentine film La patota (Paulina) won the Tiantan Award for Best Feature Film at the 6th Beijing International Film Festival (BIFF) on 23 April 2016.
- Argentine photographer Sebastian Gil Miranda won the 2015 Sony World Photography Award in the Campaign category for his pictures on "Shoot ball, not gun" - a social project in one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- Pablo Borboroglu of Argentina received the prestigious Whitley Award in London on 26 April 2018 for his global penguin conservation efforts.
- Argentine researchers and their international colleagues have discovered fossils of a new 9.8-foot-long dinosaur in Chile, named Chilesaurus diegosuarezi. The dinosaur - had a meat-free diet and munched on plants about 145 million years ago - was described on 27 April 2015 in the journal Nature.
- Argentine footballer Lionel Messi became the highest scorer, with 68 goals, in a single major European league season following his hat trick in Barcelona’s 4-1 win over Malaga on 2 May 2012. Messi broke the record of 67 goals by German Gerd Müller from nearly 40 years ago.
- Ente Nacional de Comunicaciones (ENACOM) of Argentina won the 2016 WSIS Prize for their project titled Fostering Integration of Argentine Academia in the Activities of ITU. The goal of this project is human capacity building with a high level of specialization in telecommunications and ICTs.
- Former Argentine President Néstor Kirchner served as the Secretary-General of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) from May 4, 2010 to October 27, 2010. He was the first Secretary-General of UNASUR which was formed as an economic and political union of South American nations.
- Scientists in Argentina have discovered the oldest buckthorn fossilized flowers date back to at least 66 million years ago. They are believed to be the first fossilized flowers from South America, and perhaps the entire Southern Hemisphere as detailed in the journal PLOS One on 10 May 2017.
- The University of La Punta from Argentina won a World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Project Prize in Geneva, Switzerland, for their project Automatic Meteorological Stations Network in the category of ICT applications: e-Science at a prize ceremony held on 14 May 2012.
- Fossilized bones of a dinosaur believed to be the largest creature ever to walk the Earth have been unearthed in Argentina, reported on 17 May 2014. Based on the huge thigh bones discovered, the creature was imagined to be 40m (130ft) long and 20m (65ft) tall.
- Argentine football superstar Lionel Messi on 21 May 2018 claimed record fifth European Golden Shoe award after ending La Liga season with 34 goals for Barcelona.
- Argentine cartoonist Joaquin Salvador Lavado, better known as “Quino”, won the 2014 Spain's Prince of Asturias Award for Communications and Humanities.
- Argentina introduced a ban on smoking in all public places since 1 June 2011.
- Argentine researchers and an international team of scientists have revealed that climate change and human impact played a crucial role in the extinction of South America’s ancient giant beasts such as sloths the size of elephants, one-tonne bears and sabre-toothed cats around 12,000 years ago. Their findings were published on 17 June 2016 in the journal Science Advances.
- Ancient Qhapac Ñan road system built by the Inca Empire spanning six countries in South America including Argentina was granted World Heritage status by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2014.
- Argentine and English scientists studying the 15th Century Voynich manuscript, has been described as the world's most mysterious book, have found linguistic patterns in the book that could lead to meaningful words being discovered within text. Their study was published in the journal Plos One on 21 June 2013.
- Argentina won the 1978 FIFA Soccer World Cup on June 25, 1978 on home soil. They won the world cup by beating Netherlands 3–1 after extra time in the final. It was Argentina's first world cup win.
- Argentina won their second FIFA Soccer World Cup in 1986. Argentina beat Germany (then West Germany) 3-2 in the final on June 29, 1986. Argentina was led by legendary soccer player Diego Maradona on their way to glory.
- Isabel Martinez de Perón became the first female President in Latin America when she assumed the Argentine presidency upon the death of her husband and former Argentine President Juan Perón. Maria sworn in as interim leader of the Argentine Republic on June 29, 1974.
- The UNESCO World Heritage Committee on 7 July 2017 inscribed Los Alerces National Park in Argentina as the World Heritage site, located in the Andes of northern Patagonia and has a western boundary, which coincides with the Chilean border.
- Giant dinosaurs lived on Earth much earlier than previously thought, according to a team of excavators in Argentina who discovered the remains of a 200-million-year old species. The species, baptized Ingenia prima, was about three times the size of the largest Triassic dinosaurs from its era, was detailed in Nature Ecology & Evolution journal on 9 July 2018.
- Argentina celebrates Independence Day each year on 9th of July. Argentina declared independence from the Spanish Empire on July 9, 1816.
- Scientists in Argentina have discovered a previously unknown carnivorous dinosaur, named Gualicho shinyae, that has small arms similar to those of the Tyrannosaurus Rex, according to a study published on 13 July 2016 in the journal PLOS ONE.
- Argentina and Russia on 13 July 2014 signed a nuclear energy deal whereby the Russian atomic energy corporation Rosatom will help Buenos Aires expand its nuclear energy production.
- Norma Nolan won the 1962 Miss Universe contest representing Argentina at the age of 24. She was the first Argentine woman to win the title.
- Argentine football star Lionel Messi won the ESPN Excellence in Sports Performance Yearly Award for Best International Athlete on 15 July 2015.
- Paula Pareto of Argentina won gold in Women -48 kg Judo at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games in Brazil.
- Argentine U20 football team won the 2018 COTIF Football Tournament beating Russia 2-1 in the final in Spain.
- Scientists in Argentina may have discovered the fossilized bones of the biggest dinosaur ever to have walked the Earth. The species, named Patagotitan mayorum in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B on 9 August 2017, is thought to have weighed around 62 tonnes and measured more than 35 meters from nose to tail.
- Argentine soccer star Lionel Messi was voted the inaugural winner of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) Best Player in Europe Award for the season 2010/11. The award ceremony took place on 25 August 2011 in Monaco during the 2011/12 UEFA Champions League group stage draw.
- Argentine footballer star Lionel Messi received the UEFA Best Player in Europe Award for the second time on 27 August 2015.
- Argentine scientists have discovered fossil remains of a new species of 200-million-year-old pterosaur from the Patagonia region of South America. The researchers named the new flying reptile Allkaruen koi in the journal PeerJ on 30 August 2016.
- A team of international scientists, including researchers from Argentina, has discovered a new species of dinosaur Dreadnoughtus schrani in an Argentinian desert. They described the new species of gigantic plant-eating dinosaur that weighed more than 59 tons and stretched 26 meters from head to tail in the journal Scientific Reports on 4 September 2014.
- Sprinter Yanina Andrea Martinez of Argentina won Women's 100m - T36 gold at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in Brazil.
- Ignacio Diaz Bobillo of Argentina won the 2015 Astronomy Photographer of the Year Award in the Stars & Nebulae category for an image titled The Magnificent Omega Centauri.
- Antonio Abertondo, an Argentine swimmer, was the first person to complete a two way continuous swim of the English Channel which is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that forms a channel between France and Britain. On September 21, 1961 Abertondo completed the England-France-England swim in 43 hours 10 minutes.
- The 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games was hosted in Buenos Aires, Argentina between 6 and 18 October 2018.
- Argentine biochemist César Milstein, born on 8 October 1927, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. The Nobel Prize was awarded jointly to César Milstein, Georges J.F. Köhler (German) and Niels K. Jerne (Danish) for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies.
- Argentina was elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council, the United Nations body responsible for promoting and protecting all human rights around the globe, on 12 October 2018.
- Argentina won the gold in Women's Beach Handball beating Croatia 2-0 at the 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games in Argentina.
- Argentine musician Romina Bernardo was included in the BBC global list of 100 inspirational and innovative women for 2017.
- Argentine girls won hockey gold by defeating India 3-1 in the final at the 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.
- Argentina launched its first domestically built communications satellite on 16 October 2014. The ARSAT-1 satellite is the first to be constructed with local technology in Latin America.
- Argentina was elected as a non-permanent member of the U.N. Security Council on 18 October 2012 for the years 2013-2014.
- Argentine President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner won the presidential election on 23 October 2011, becoming the country's first woman re-elected as president.
- Argentina was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 24 October 1945.
- Adolfo Pérez Esquivel from Argentina was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1980 for founding and leading of human rights groups in the struggle against the military junta ruling Argentina.
- Norma Cappagli from Argentina won the 1960 Miss World contest. She was the first Argentine woman to win the title.
- Argentina was elected on the United Nations Human Rights Council on 12 November 2012 for a three-year term. The council was created by the UN General Assembly in 2006 as the main human rights body of the UN.
- Argentina ranked 14h at the Freedom on the Net 2016 index compiled by Freedom House. This index is compiled based on the extent of freedom the citizens of 65 countries experienced on the Internet.
- Argentine football star Lionel Messi was awarded a record third Golden Shoe trophy on 20 November 2013 after finishing with the most league goals in Europe playing for FC Barcelona. Messi scored 46 goals in the 2012-13 season to take the European Golden Boot.
- Argentine experts have discovered fossils of a two-metre tall penguin that lived in Antarctica 34 million years ago, as announced on 20 November 2012.
- Argentine educational Nano-Satellite Manolito was successfully launched on 21 November 2013 from Russia. The satellite is aimed to conduct scientific experiments, such as, stars and earth observation and biological research.
- Argentina's football star Lionel Messi representing Barcelona broke all-time La Liga goal-scoring record of 251 goals with a hat trick in the 5-1 win over Sevilla on 22 November 2014. At the end of the match Messi's record stood at 253 goals in 289 games.
- Argentine football superstar Lionel Messi received his fourth European Golden Shoe award on 24 November 2017 after netting 37 times in La Liga in 2016-17.
- Argentina's football star Lionel Messi playing for Barcelona became the Champions League's all-time top scorer with a hat-trick against Apoel Nicosia on 25 November 2014. At the end of the match Messi's record stood at 74 Champions League goals.
- Argentina won its first-ever Davis Cup tennis title beating Croatia 3-2 in a thrilling Final in Zagreb on 27 November 2016.
- Footballer Lionel Messi of Argentina was crowned the winner of the 2015 Goal 50 for a record-breaking fourth time as the Best Player of the World.
- Scientists in Argentina have discovered world's oldest known communal latrines where thousands of fossilised poos left by rhino-like megaherbivores were found clustered together. Their study, published on 28 November 2013, provides first evidence that ancient reptiles shared collective dumping grounds.
- Argentina won the 2014 Women's Champions Trophy hockey title in Mendoza beating Australia 3-1 in a penalty shootout.
- Argentine Lionel Messi broke German great Gerd Mueller's 40-year-old record for most goals in a year by scoring for the 86th time on 9 December 2012 representing Spanish club FC Barcelona. Messi's path to the record has included 74 goals for Barcelona and 12 for Argentina in 66 games.