Sudan

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Republic of Sudan
Flag
Sudan LF.gif
Location  Africa
Capital  Khartoum
Area  1,861,484 sq km
Population  43,120,843
"When the nose is hit, it’s the eye that cries"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Sudan Map.png


January

January 1


  • Sudan commenced as the President of the UNICEF’s Executive Board on 10 January 2019.

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  • The United States of America on 13 January 2017 lifted some sanctions on Sudan in response to some positive actions by the country's government. The move allows the U.S. Department of the Treasury to immediately authorise expanding trade and investment in Sudan.[1]

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February

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February 2


  • Sudan and Bahrain on 2 February 2015 signed an agreement within the framework of bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the field of food security.[2]

February 3


  • Sudan beat Libya on penalties 4-2 to earn third spot at the 2018 African Nations Football Championship. The sides were locked at 1-1 after 90 minutes in Marrakech at the tournament for locally-based players.[3]

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February 10


  • Sudan and South Sudan signed a security deal on 10 February 2012 aimed at easing tensions over their disputed border. According to the signed deal, the two sides agreed "respect for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity" and to "refrain from launching any attack, including bombardment".[4]

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February 20


  • Dr. Rania Mokhtar of Sudan was named as one of the winners of the 2017 Elsevier Foundation Awards for early-career women scientists in the developing world for her research in Computer engineering.[5]

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March

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March 8


  • A new border agreement between Sudan and South Sudan was signed on 8 March 2013. The agreement concerns the establishment of a safe demilitarized border zone, the deployment of a joint border verification and monitoring mechanism and the activation of agreed security-related mechanisms as of 10 March 2013.
  • Hawa Abdallah Mohammed Salih from North Darfur, Sudan was honored with the 2012 International Women of Courage Award by the United States Department of State for her emergence as a prominent voice for the rights of Darfuris.

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  • Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia on 23 March 2015 signed an initial agreement to end a long-running dispute over the sharing of water from the Nile River that runs through the three countries.

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  • Awadeya Mahmoud of Sudan, a champion of women working in Sudan’s informal sector, was awarded the 2016 International Women of Courage Award at a ceremony on 29 March 2016 by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.

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April

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April 8


  • Sudan secured pledges from donor countries for $3.6 billion to Sudan's Darfur region to be paid over six years during a donor conference on 8 April 2013 hosted in Qatar aimed at helping it cope with an armed conflict that has killed thousands.[6]

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April 12


  • Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir arrived to South Sudan on 12 April 2013 for the first time since South Sudan's split off from his country in 2011 after decades of civil war, raising hope the two long-time adversaries will take steps to establish peaceful co-existence.[7]

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April 22


  • Dr. Balgis Osman-Elasha, a Sudanese scientist, was awarded the prestigious Champions of the Earth Award by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on 22 April, 2008. She was recognized for her significant contribution in raising awareness about global warming and other climate change issues, especially, among the new generation. Dr. Osman-Elasha’s work as a prominent researcher on climate change made her a true role model for women in Africa.

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May

May 1


May 2


  • The African Union-United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) launched a campaign “No Child Soldiers – Protect Darfur” in west Darfur, Sudan on 2 May 2016. The campaign is aimed at raising awareness on the need to end the recruitment and use of child soldiers by armed groups and armed forces across the region.[8]

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May 14


  • The National Information Center of Sudan won a World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Project Prize in Geneva, Switzerland, with the project Sudanese Internet Exchange Point in Information and Communication Infrastructure category at a prize ceremony held on 14 May 2012.[9]

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June

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  • Sudan and 25 other nations from Africa on 10 June 2015 signed a historic free trade pact, Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA), that will ease the movement of goods across member countries in next five years. Once fully implemented, the 26-nation TFTA will be the continent's largest free-trade zone.

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  • The archaeological sites of the Island of Meroe, the heartland of the Meroitic Kingdom, in Sudan was inscribed on UNESCO's 2011 World Heritage List on June 25, 2011. The term "Island of Meroe" was used by some of the Classical writers to designate the region comprised between the Blue Nile, the White Nile and the Atbara River in the Republic of Sudan; thus not a complete Island, but surrounded by water on three sides.[10]

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June 29


  • Sudan signed an agricultural cooperation agreement with China, according to an official announcement on 29 June 2013. The agreement is aimed at facilitating the Chinese companies to directly invest in Sudan, engage in partnerships with local partners, or fund agro-processing and food production projects.[11]

June 30



July

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July 3


  • Sudanese writer Bushra al-Fadil won the 2017 Caine Prize for African Writing, described as Africa’s leading literary award, for his short story entitled “The Story of the Girl Whose Birds Flew Away”.

July 4


  • Sudan on 4 July 2018 signed an association agreement with Turkey in order to boost trade volume between the two countries.

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July 8


  • Sudan secured a $700 million loan from China to build a new airport for the capital Khartoum, state media reported on 8 July 2013, as Sudanese officials signed a five-year loan with China's Export Import Bank.[12]

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August

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  • Sudan and South Sudan have reached a badly needed oil deal, a first step towards ending a dispute over the distribution of the oil between the countries which had brought the hostile neighbors close to war, but also indicated the need to resolve key border security issues, according to an official announcement on 4 August 2012.[13]

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August 9


  • Sudan and Chad resumed diplomatic relations on 9 August 2006. The announcement came during a visit by Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir as Chadian President Idriss Deby was sworn in for a third term in office. Earlier Mr Deby cut ties with Sudan after accusing it of backing rebels who attacked Chad's capital, N'Djamena.[14]

August 10


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August 12


  • Sudanese and English researchers have discovered a 2,000-year-old cemetery with several underground tombs near the Nile River in Sudan, as announced on 12 August 2014.[15]

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August 22


  • Sudanese journalist, Faisal Mohammed Salih, imprisoned for defying the regime of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and speaking out on human rights abuses was named the recipient of the 2013 Peter Mackler Award by Global Media Forum and the US branch of Reporters Without Borders.[16]

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September

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September 19


  • Sudan opened its first gold refinery on 19 September 2012 in an effort to improve the quality of gold exports and boost state revenues to mitigate the current economic crisis.[17]

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September 26


  • Sudan and South Sudan reached a border security agreement on 26 September 2012 that will allow the resumption of southern oil exports through the north, sign of cooperation amid ongoing political crisis between the two countries.[18]

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September 30


  • Sudan's first ever women's club football league kicked off on 30 September 2019 which involves 21 clubs. The first club match was played between Tahadi and Difaa in the capital Khartoum.


October

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October 6


  • The United States lifted a number of economic and trade sanctions against Sudan, first imposed two decades ago, on 6 October 2017 based on the progress made by Sudan in counter-terrorism and human rights issues.[19]

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November

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  • Nile Center for Technology Research from Sudan won the prestigious Thematic Award for eGovernment at the 2016 International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Telecom World Awards.[20]

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References


  1. https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Documents/sudan_fact_sheet.pdf
  2. http://www.bna.bh/portal/en/news/652320
  3. http://www.cafonline.com/en-US/NewsCenter/News/NewsDetails?id=IXjKd46f%2fQhWIjxWBVsAvQ%3d%3d
  4. http://www.voanews.com/english/news/africa/Sudan-South-Sudan-Sign-Treaty-of-Non-Aggression-139132599.html
  5. http://owsd.net/resources/news-events/five-women-engineers-awarded-innovative-research-developing-countries
  6. http://www.dw.de/donors-pledge-billions-for-darfur/a-16728889
  7. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/12/us-sudan-south-idUSBRE93B0BZ20130412
  8. https://unamid.unmissions.org/unamid-launches-no-child-soldiers%E2%80%93-protect-darfur-campaign-west-darfur
  9. http://groups.itu.int/stocktaking/WSISProjectPrizes2012.aspx
  10. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/771
  11. http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article47129
  12. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/08/sudan-china-airport-idUSL6N0FE3RC20130708
  13. http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE87300220120804?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews
  14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4775111.stm
  15. http://www.livescience.com/47306-nile-river-cemetery-discovered.html
  16. http://pmaward.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9&Itemid=9
  17. http://af.reuters.com/article/sudanNews/idAFL5E8KJEAG20120919
  18. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/26/sudan-south-talks-idUSL5E8KQD1J20120926
  19. https://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2017/10/274678.htm
  20. http://www.itu.int/en/mediacentre/Pages/2016-PR52.aspx