Somalia

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Republic of Somalia
Flag
Somalia LF.gif
Location  Africa
Capital  Mogadishu
Area  637,657 sq km
Population  11,259,029
"Water smells when it stays in a pot for too long"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Somalia Map.gif


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  • Zeynab Omar, a high school student from Somalia, was announced winner of the Young Pathfinder Award on January 5, 2012. The award is given annually to people who embody the spirit and work of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the 2012 winner was announced by the Martin Luther King Jr. Commemorative Board of Mankato.[1]

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  • The United States and Somalia on 17 January 2013 launched a new era of diplomatic relations, as Washington recognized the African nation's government for the first time since 1991.[2]

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February

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  • Somalia joined the Arab League, a regional organization of Arab states for creating a closer relation among its members, on 14 February 1974.[3]

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  • The United States on 25 February 2015 appointed Mrs Katherine Simonds as the new U.S. ambassador to Somalia; the first such appointment in Somalia since 1991. The reinstallation of an ambassador in Mogadishu is a reflection of the deepening relationship between the two countries.

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March

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  • The United Nations Security Council agreed on 6 March 2013 to lift a decades-old arms embargo on Somalia's government for one year, allowing the country to buy light weapons in a bid to strengthen its security forces to combat local militants.
  • Turkish Airlines started operating regular commercial flights to Somalia's capital Mogadishu since 6 March 2012 becoming the first international carrier from outside East Africa to fly there in more than two decades.[4]

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  • Ms. Fartuun Adan is the Executive Director of the Elman Peace and Human Rights Centre in Somalia was honored with the 2013 International Women of Courage Award by the United States Department of State at a presentation ceremony in Washington for her leading role in human and women’s rights, peace-building, development, and the rehabilitation of child soldiers across Somalia, often under insecure and dangerous conditions.

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April

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  • Canada appointed David Angell as Canada's first ambassador to Somalia in more than 20 years on 14 May 2013. The announcement of David Angell's appointment marks a restart of diplomatic relations between the two nations.

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  • Somalia appointed Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke as the country’s first ambassador to the United States in more than two decades on 14 July 2014. The resumption of ties between the two countries will be a welcome boost for Somalia as they look to recover after decades of war and unrest.

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  • Somalia and Eritrea on 30 July 2018 agreed to establish diplomatic ties after more than a decade of animosity, in the latest lightning rapprochement between Horn of Africa rivals.

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August

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  • Somalia's National Constituent Assembly overwhelmingly approved a new draft constitution on 1 August 2012, paving the way for a new government to be elected – a key step toward ending the country’s long transition to stable governance.[5]

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  • Somalia and the United States on 5 August 2014 signed an agreement worth approximately $1.9 million to support police reform efforts in Somalia in the coming years.

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  • European Union has pledged 1.8bn euros at a conference in Brussels to help Somalia end more than two decades of conflict and civil war in the country, according to an official announcement on 16 September 2013.[6]
  • Somalia inaugurated elected president after approximately 20 years of strife as new president Hassan Sheikh Mohamud took office on 16 September 2012.[7]

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  • The World Bank has approved $80 million in grants to Somalia to fund public finance reforms, marking the first disbursement to the Somalia government in 30 years, the bank announced on 25 September 2018.

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  • International Bank of Somalia became the first lender in the Horn of Africa nation to handle foreign transactions, the latest sign that the country is stabilizing after decades of conflict. The bank obtained a Swift code that enables lenders to carry out international money transfers, as announced on 11 October 2014.

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  • An Ethiopian airline on 13 October 2018 made the first commercial flight between Addis Ababa and Mogadishu in Somalia in 41 years, in yet another sign of warming ties between neighbouring nations.

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November

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  • Somalia secured 158 million euros from the European Union in order to improve education, the legal system and security, according to an official announcement on 3 November 2012, as the Horn of Africa nation tries to recover from more than two decades of conflict.[8]

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  • Fowsiyo Yusuf Haji Adan was named as the first ever female foreign minister of Somalia on 4 November 2012.[9]

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  • Fatima Jibrell, one of Africa's leading environmental activists was announced as the first Somali to win the UNs top environmental accolade the Champion of the Earth award on 17 November 2014 for her efforts to end Illegal Charcoal Trade and Protect Somalias Pastoral Way of Life.

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December

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  • The United Nations Peacebuilding Fund on 21 December 2016 approved $3 million for a pilot project that will provide peacebuilding and vocational skills to Somali refugees volunteering to return from Kenya to Somalia.[10]

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References