Mongolia

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Mongolia
Flag
Mongolia LF.gif
Location  Asia
Capital  Ulan Bator
Area  1,564,116 sq km
Population  3,103,428
"Water does not go sour for no reason"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Mongolia Map.gif


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  • Mongolia was listed as one of the 10 most forward-thinking countries in the developing world on 12 January 2016 by non-profit group Ethical Traveler - a project of the Berkeley-based Earth Island Institute. Every year the group reviews each country for its performance in the areas of human rights, social welfare, animal welfare and environmental protection – all while offering plenty of appeal as a travel destination.[1]

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  • Mongolian Sumo wrestler Hakuhō Shō won a record-breaking 33rd Makuuchi championship on 23 January 2015.[2]

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  • Ancient Mongolian skull called Mongolanthropus is the earliest modern human yet found in the region, who lived approximately 34 - 35 thousand years ago, as revealed by Mongolian, English and German scientists in Nature Communications on 30 January 2019.[3]

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  • Sumiya Buyantogtokh became the first Mongolian athlete to win a medal at any Olympic Winter Games with her victory in the mixed team speed skating event at the Lillehammer 2016 Youth Olympic Games.[4]

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March

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April

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  • The United States on 5 April 2016 returned to Mongolia the fossilized remains of six species of dinosaur smuggled out of the country. The largest item was the skull of an Alioramus, a dinosaur that lived in the late Cretaceous period approximately 65 to 70 million years ago.[5]

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  • Mongolia launched its first satellite Mongol Sat-1 on 19 April 2017 as part of its efforts to expand its television, telecoms and broadband services.

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  • Bayarjargal Agvaantseren of Mongolia won the prestigious Goldman Environmental Prize 2019 for her help to create the 1.8 million-acre Tost Tosonbumba Nature Reserve in the South Gobi Desert—a critical habitat for the vulnerable snow leopard—and for persuading the Mongolian government to prohibit all mining within the reserve.[6]

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May

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  • A 70-million-year-old dinosaur skeleton from the Gobi Desert that was smuggled to the United States in pieces and auctioned for more than $1 million was returned on 6 May 2013 by the U.S. government to Mongolia.[7]

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June

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  • Mongolian satellite Mazaalai was launched into the space from Kennedy Space Center in the USA on 3 June 2017.

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  • President Tsakhia Elbegdorj of Mongolia was named as one of the winners of the 2012 United Nations Champions of the Earth award for his commitment to putting a green agenda at the forefront of policies since coming to power in 2009.

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  • Mongolia’s first wind farm, located deep in the Mongolian Steppe, 70km from its capital, Ulaanbaatar, was officially opened 20 June 2013. The multi-million dollar Salkhit wind development, which consists of 31 GE wind turbines, will provide 50 megawatts of clean power for the country, offsetting coal powered generation and costly energy imports from other countries.

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  • UNESCO's World Heritage Committee named the Petrogleyphs Complexes of the Mongolian Altai as a World Heritage Site in 2011. They contain rock carvings and funerary monuments showing changes in the local culture from nomadic horseman tribes to the later Turkic period.[8]

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July

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  • A team of researchers from Mongolia, Germany and the USA has discovered the oldest evidence of horse veterinary dentistry. Their study, based on the analysis of horse remains from an ancient Mongolian pastoral culture, was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 2 July 2018.[9]
  • The Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape was named a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee in 2004. With pasturelands stretching for thousands of hectares it contains remains dating back to the 6th century and the site of Kharkhorum – the capital of Chinggis (Genghis) Khan’s vast Empire.[10]

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  • Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape in the north-east of Mongolia was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List on 4 July 2015.[11]

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  • Copper concentrate shipments to customers from Mongolia's giant Oyu Tolgoi mine kicked off on 9 July 2013. The mine is expected to make up a third of Mongolia's economy by 2020, and at full tilt produce around 450,000 tonnes of copper and 330,000 ounces of gold a year.[12]

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  • The United States officials on 10 July 2014 returned fossilized remains of over 18 dinosaur skeletons, including two Tyrannosaurus bataar skeletons that were unlawfully taken from Mongolia, to the Mongolian government.[13]

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  • Nyam-Osoriyn Tuyaa was the first ever female Prime Minister of Mongolia. She served as acting Prime Minister of Mongolia for a short period of time from 22-30 July 1999.

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  • Erdenebatyn Bekhbayar of Mongolia won gold in Men's Freestyle 57 kg Wrestling at the 18th Asian Games in Indonesia on 19 August 2018.

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  • Narantsetseg Ganbaatar of Mongolia won gold in women’s sambo -48 kilogram at the 18th Asian Games in Indonesia on 31 August 2018.


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  • Tsendbaatar Erdenebat of Mongolia won gold in Men's Light (60kg) Boxing at the 18th Asian Games in Indonesia on 1 September 2018.

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  • Narantuya Chuluunbadrakh became the first Mongolian to win an Asian Games shooting gold medal when she clinched the women’s 50m rifle prone title on 24 September 2014.

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  • A joint Mongolian-Japanese team has unearthed a giant dinosaur footprint in the Gobi Desert in Mongolia, which measures 106 centimetres (42 inches) long and 77 centimeters wide, as revealed on 30 September 2016.


October

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  • Mongolia secured a $150 million loan package from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to support reforms needed to sustain and improve the management of social welfare services in the country, such as food stamps or cash transfers, as announced on 1 October 2015.[14]

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  • Enkhmaa Erdenechuluun of Mongolia and Zalan Pekler of Hungary won the gold medal in the 10m air rifle mixed international team shooting competition at the 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.[15]
  • Mongolia and Turkey on 11 October 2013 signed an agreement that lifted visa requirements between the countries for their citizens for no more than 30 days.[16]

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  • Scientists from Mongolia and their international colleagues have unearthed fossils in Mongolia’s Gobi Desert that have allowed them for the first time to build a complete picture of one of the most unique dinosaurs, Deinocheirus mirificus. Their study was published on 22 October 2014 in the journal Nature.[17]

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  • A new species of semi-aquatic dinosaurs, nicknamed "Halszka" for Halszkaraptor escuilliei, that could kill prey on land and in water has been discovered by Mongolian and a team of international scientists. Scientists made the discovery after studying a fossil which was found at Ukhaa Tolgod in southern Mongolia, as revealed in the journal Nature on 6 December 2017.[18]

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  • A joint excavation team from Mongolia and Japan has discovered the ruins of a unique monument surrounded by 14 large stone pillars with Turkic Runic inscriptions arranged in a square on the steppe called Dongoin shiree in eastern Mongolia during their three-year (2015 ~ 2017) joint excavation, as revealed on 8 December 2017.[19]

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References


  1. http://ethicaltraveler.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/ED-2016-ultimate.pdf
  2. http://blogs.wsj.com/japanrealtime/2015/01/23/sumo-yokozuna-hakuho-breaks-all-time-championship-win-record/
  3. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-08018-8
  4. http://www.lillehammer2016.com/en/News/Speed-Skating/Mongolia-and-mixed-NOC-team-sprint-make-history-in-speed-skating
  5. https://www.justice.gov/usao-edny/pr/us-attorney-announces-return-mongolia-looted-dinosaur-fossils
  6. https://www.goldmanprize.org/blog/introducing-the-2019-goldman-environmental-prize-winners/
  7. http://www.forbes.com/sites/deborahljacobs/2013/05/06/stolen-dinosaur-bought-for-1-million-at-new-york-auction-will-be-returned-to-mongolia/
  8. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/775
  9. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/06/26/1721189115
  10. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/66
  11. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1314
  12. http://www.riotinto.com/documents/130709_Oyu_Tolgoi_begins_shipping_copper_concentrate_to_customers.pdf
  13. http://www.justice.gov/usao/nys/pressreleases/July14/MongolianDinosaurRepatriationPR.php
  14. http://www.adb.org/news/mongolia-s-social-welfare-programs-be-supported-adb-150-million-loan
  15. https://www.buenosaires2018.com/mongoliahungary-pair%E2%80%99s-aim-is-true!/history/5bbfc0ac398ccd085093f987?lng=en
  16. http://www.worldbulletin.net/?aType=haber&ArticleID=120558
  17. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature13874.html
  18. https://www.nature.com/articles/nature24679
  19. http://resou.osaka-u.ac.jp/en/research/2017/20171208_1