Libya

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Libya
Flag
Libya LF V1.gif
Location  Africa
Capital  Tripoli
Area  1,759,540 sq km
Population  6,754,507
"Water smells when it stays in a pot for too long"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Libya Map.gif


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  • The prime ministers of Libya, Algeria and Tunisia agreed on 12 January 2013 to enhance security along their common borders in an attempt to fight the flow of arms and drugs and organized crime in the politically turbulent region.[1]

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  • A Libyan unity government was formed on 19 January 2016 under an UN-brokered deal aimed at uniting the country's warring factions and ending years of bloodshed in the country. Libya has been in chaos since the 2011 overthrow of Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.[2]

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  • Italy returned to Libya the head of a 2,000 year-old statue, during Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti's trip to Tripoli on 21 January 2012, that was smuggled out of the country in the 1960s. The sculpture is the head of Domitilla Minor, the daughter of Roman emperor Vespasian.[3]

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February

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  • Libya lifted its first international football title by beating Ghana on penalties in the final of the African Nations Championship on 1 February 2014. Libya won 4-3 in the penalty shoot-out after the teams drew 0-0 after extra time at Cape Town Stadium.[4]

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  • Muammar Gaddafi, former Libyan leader, served as the Chairman of the African Union - a union consisting of African states and formerly known as Organisation of African Unity. Gaddafi took the office on February 2, 2009 and served as the seventh chairman of African Union.[5]

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  • Libya has destroyed all its chemical weapons, including bombs and artillery shells filled with mustard gas, according to an official announcement on 4 February 2014.[6]

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March

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  • Archaeologists have uncovered 20 Stone-Age human skeletons in and around a rock shelter in Libya's Sahara desert, according to a study first reported to media on 7 March 2013. The skeletons date between 8,000 and 4,200 years ago, suggesting the place was a persistent cemetery for the local people.[7]

March 8


  • Libyan architect Hana Elhebshi was honored with the 2012 International Women of Courage Award by the United States Department of State who became a symbol of solidarity and a model of courage to many across the country during the 2011 Libyan revolution.

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  • The first national polio vaccination campaign in Libya in two years was successfully completed on 21 April 2016. The campaign immunized more than one million children in Libya.[8]

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May

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  • Libya and 25 other nations from Africa on 10 June 2015 signed a historic free trade pact, Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA), that will ease the movement of goods across member countries in next five years. Once fully implemented, the 26-nation TFTA will be the continent's largest free-trade zone.

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  • The Libyan Government and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on 25 June 2013 signed an agreement to carry out projects aimed at the improving the basic education system in Libya. The signing of the agreement will kick start action on various policies, including the development of an education management information system, validation of early learning development standards, and the promotion of early childhood care.[9]

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  • Diplomatic links between Libya and the USA were resumed after a 24-year break on June 28, 2004. Earlier USA-Libyan relations became increasingly strained because of Libya's foreign policies.[10]

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  • On 7 July 2012 elections for a General National Congress were held in Libya for selecting a temporary assembly which will have the task of picking a cabinet and a prime minister. It was Libya's first free multi-party national election in 60 years.[11]

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  • Libya's largest oil refinery, Ras Lanuf, has resumed operating after shutting during the uprising that ousted Muammar Gaddafi last year, according to an official announcement on 31 August 2012.[12]


September

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  • Great Manmade River, a network of pipelines to transport water from the Sahara Desert in Libya to the coastal cities, is apparently the world's largest irrigation project. The second phase of the project was inaugurated by the late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi on 1 September 1996 that provided capital Tripoli and the surrounding regions with fresh water.[13]

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  • Libya’s remaining stockpile of chemical weapon precursors was successfully transported to Germany on 8 September 2016 that marked the beginning of the operation to destroy these chemicals under Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) verification.[14]

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October

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  • Ibrahim Dabbashi, Permanent Representative of Libya to the United Nations, was elected Chair of the First Committee at the General Assembly of the United Nations on 1 October 2013. The First Committee is one of six main committees at the General Assembly which deals with matters concerning world peace.

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  • Libya officially declared liberation on October 23, 2011 which marks the end of eight-month civil war and 42 years of one-man rule by former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.[15]

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December

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  • The 2011 Sakharov Prize, an award from the European Parliament which honors individuals or organizations for their dedication to the defense of human rights and freedom of thought, was awarded on 14 December 2011 for Freedom of Thought to five representatives of the Arab spring revolts. Mr Ahmed El-Senussi, Libya's longest-serving prisoner of conscience, was one of the recipients who was detained for 31 years following an attempted coup against the former Libyan leader Gaddafi.

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  • On 16 December 2011 the UN Security Council lifted sanctions on Libya's central bank and the country's foreign investments banks, to help the country deal with a cash crisis. The Libyan banks' foreign assets were frozen earlier this year as part of sanctions against former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
  • Libyan novelist Ibrahim al-Koni received the Arab Novel Award in 2010. At the closing ceremony of the fifth round of the Cairo Novel Conference, on December 16, 2010, Koni was chosen from 23 competitors to receive the award. The committee in charge of choosing the winner praised Koni’s ability to utilize folklore, oral tradition, death rituals, and aspects of everyday life in order to create a literary work.[16]

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  • Libya secured €2 million in emergency funding from the European Commission to assist scores of Libyans who have been forced to flee their homes because of worsening violence in the country, as announced on 22 December 2014.[17]

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  • Libya celebrated anniversary of its independence for the first time in 42 years on December 24, 2011. The United Libyan Kingdom was formed on 24 December 1951 under King Idris. But after Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi seized power in 1969, only the coup date in September was allowed to be marked.

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References