Israel

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State of Israel
Flag
Israel LF.gif
Location  Middle East
Capital  Jerusalem
Area  22,072 sq km
Population  8,424,904
"The comfort of the tree is the comfort of the bird"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Israel Map.gif


January

January 1


  • Israel’s third term as member of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Executive Board began on 1 January 2013.[1]
  • A new Israeli law banning underweight models, aimed to prevent eating disorders, went into effect on 1 January 2013. The law appears to be the first attempt by any government to use legislation to take on a fashion industry accused of abetting eating disorders by idealizing extreme thinness.

January 2


January 3


January 4


January 5


  • Israeli documentary "The Gatekeepers" was awarded the nonfiction or documentary prize by the National Society of Film Critics in the U.S. on 5 January 2013.[2]

January 6


January 7


  • Israeli archaeologists announced on 7 January 2018 they have uncovered a rare site dating back some half a million years -- just next to a modern highway and only several metres underground. The site at Jaljulia has revealed hundreds of flint axes and other artefacts.

January 8


January 9


January 10


January 11


January 12


January 13


January 14


January 15


January 16


January 17


January 18


January 19


January 20


  • Israel and Chad restored full diplomatic relations after 47-year on 20 January 2019 during Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s visit to Chad.

January 21


January 22


  • Israeli archaeologists on 22 January 2014 presented a newly uncovered 1,500-year-old church in the south of Israel, including an unusually well-preserved mosaic floor with images of lions, foxes, fish and peacocks.

January 23


January 24


January 25


January 26


  • Based on a new dating of a jawbone fossils, Israeli researchers and their international colleagues indicated that our species (Homo sapiens) lived outside Africa around 185,000 years ago, some 80,000 years earlier than the previous evidence suggested. Their findings were detailed in the journal Science on 26 January 2018.[3]

January 27


January 28


January 29


  • The Hai-Bar Nature Reserves is a breeding and reaclimation centers administered by the Israel Nature Reserve & National Parks Authority, situated; one in the Carmel Mountain (Mediterranean forest), and second in the Southern Arabah near Kibbutz Yotveta. Yotveta Hai-Bar established on January 29, 1968 and marked the beginning of the process of bringing back to nature animals that disappeared from Israel landscapes. Animals released to nature include, from the Carmel Hai-Bar already the Persian Fallow Deer and the Roe Deer, and from the Yotveta Hai-Bar the Persian Wild Ass, the Ostrich and the Arabian Oryx.

January 30


January 31



February

February 1


February 2


February 3


February 4


February 5


February 6


February 7


February 8


February 9


February 10


February 11


February 12


February 13


February 14


February 15


  • Israel on 15 February 2017 successfully launched a nano satellite as part of record 104 satellites launch in a single mission by India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.[4]

February 16


February 17


  • Israeli director Nadav Lapid won the Berlin International Film Festival’s top Golden Bear award on 17 February 2019 for his film Synonyms.[5]
  • The bottlenose dolphin only colonized the Mediterranean after the last Ice Age - about 18,000 years ago – according to new research published on 17 February 2015 by Israeli scientists and their international colleagues.[6]

February 18


  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered the remnants of a 2,300-year-old village near the Burma Road, some 35 km west of Jerusalem, according to an official announcement on 18 February 2014.[7]

February 19


  • Israel on 19 February 2018 signed an agreement to export $15bn worth of natural gas to Egypt over 10-year period.[8]

February 20


February 21


February 22


February 23


February 24


February 25


February 26


  • Israel and Jordan on 26 February 2015 signed a deal to build a World Bank-sponsored desalination plant in the Gulf of Aqaba and a pipeline linking the Red Sea with the Dead Sea aimed at combating the regional water shortages.[9]

February 27


February 28


February 29



March

March 1


March 2


March 3


March 4


March 5


March 6


March 7


March 8


March 9


March 10


March 11


March 12


  • Israeli scientists were awarded 12 research grants by the European Research Council (ERC) on 12 March 2015 as part of the European Union Research and Innovation programme Horizon 2020.[10]

March 13


March 14


March 15


March 16


March 17


  • Golda Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on 17th March 1969. On this day Israel elected her first female leader.

March 18


March 19


March 20


March 21


  • On March 21, 2000, His Holiness Pope John Paul II arrived in Israel for a historic five-day visit, during which he visited the holy sites of the three major religions and met with Israel’s political leaders and Chief Rabbis.[11]

March 22


March 23


March 24


March 25


March 26


  • Researchers have discovered a copper awl, the oldest metal object unearthed to date in the Middle East - dating to 5100 B.C. to 4600 B.C., in Tel Tsaf, an archaeological site in Israel, according to a study publish on 26 March 2014 in the journal PLOS ONE.[12]
  • The 1979 Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty was signed in Washington D.C. on the 26th of March 1979, which were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter. [13]

March 27


March 28


March 29


  • Naama Geva-Zatorsky from Israel received a Unesco-L’Oreal International Fellowship for Young Women in Life Sciences on 29 March 2012 for her research that explores the medical potential of intestinal microflora, a microscopic ecosystem that every one of us harbours inside our bodies.[14]

March 30


  • Natural gas from the offshore Tamar field in Israel began flowing for the first time on 30 March 2013 towards a processing facility. Tamar was discovered in 2009 and holds an estimated 8.5 trillion cubic feet of gas.[15]

March 31


  • Israeli singing group Milk and Honey won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1979. Israel won for the second time in a row with the song Hallelujah.[16]
  • Ehud Banai, an israeli singer and song writer, was born on 31 March 1953 in Jerusalem. Ehud Banai come from a Persian and Afghani Jewish descent family of musicians and artists. After his discharge from the army he traveled for a year around Europe and then he went to london and there he played with a guiter and harmonica in London Undergrounds for six months, and made his decision to finally become a musician. His music was influenced by western rock, Arabic, Persian, Indian music and even has influences of poetic songs from the synagogue.[17]


April

April 1


April 2


April 3


  • An Israeli team at Hadassah Academic College in Jerusalem designed a prosthetic fin to save a turtle, revealed on 3 April 2014. The endangered green sea turtle, called Freedom, lost two flippers when it was entangled in a fishing net.[18]

April 4


  • A 32-foot tall, 60,000 ton stone monument found in the Sea of Galilee in 2003 is determined to be man-made, dating to approximately 2000 B.C, according to a study published by Israeli researchers on 4 February 2013 in the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology.[19]

April 5


April 6


April 7


April 8


  • An international team of astronomers, including scientists from Israel, has detected two new Be stars residing in the open cluster NGC 6830, located some 5,300 light years away from earth. Their findings, could shed new light on the presence of this type of star in old open clusters like NGC 6830, were reported on 8 April 2016.[20]

April 9


April 10


April 11


April 12


April 13


April 14


April 15


  • Israeli scientists from the Tel Aviv University have printed the world's first 3D heart from human tissue, as reported in Advanced Science on 15 April 2019, considered as a major medical breakthrough that advances transplant possibilities.[21]

April 16


April 17


  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was named on Time magazine's 100 most influential people list on 17 April 2019.

April 18


April 19


April 20


April 21


  • Israel became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), an organization commenced to deal with the rules of trade between nations, on 21 April 1995.

April 22


  • Israeli singer Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1978 for the song Abanibi. The final took place on April 22, 1978 in France.[22]

April 23


  • Dan Shechtman from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Israel on 23 April 2014 was elected as a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences for his contributions in Computer Sciences.[23]
  • By sequencing the DNA of nearly 40 ancient skeletons found in the Mitelelbe Saale region of Germany, scientists from Israel and an international team have suggested that the foundations of the modern European gene pool were laid down in the Neolithic era, between 4,000 and 2,000 BC. Their findings were published on 23 April 2013 in the journal Nature Communications.[24]

April 24


April 25


April 26


  • Israeli scientists have resolved the nearly 100 year-old puzzle of the crystal structure of vaterite and concluded that vaterite is composed of at least two different crystal structures that "coexist within a pseudo-single crystal." Their findings were published on 26 April 2013 in the journal Science.[25]

April 27


April 28


April 29


April 30



May

May 1


May 2


May 3


May 4


May 5


May 6


  • Doctors at the Rabin Medical Center-Beilinson Campus performed Israel's first full artificial heart transplant, according to an official announcement on 6 May 2012.[26]

May 7


May 8


May 9


  • On May 9, 2010 a Grey whale came to visit along the coast of Israel. The whale which was forty feet long, swam mile and a half off Herzelia, north of Tel-Aviv, and continued to swim south along the coast. This discovery was quite astonishing because the North Atlantic population of gray whale became extinct sometime in the 17th or 18th Century, for reasons that are not clear, and no sightings of the species had been made in the Atlantic Ocean since.[27]
  • Israeli pop singer Sharon Cohen, popularly known as Dana International, won the Eurovision Song Contest 1998 for the song Diva on 9 May 1998.[28]

May 10


May 11


May 12


May 13


  • Netta Barzilai of Israel won the 2018 Eurovision Song Contest in Lisbon with the song Toy. It was Israel’s fourth Eurovision title.[29]

May 14


May 15


May 16


May 17


May 18


May 19


  • The Band's Visit, is an acclaimed 2007 Israeli film directed by Eran Kolirin. The film was released on May 19, 2007 and won eight Israeli Ophir Prizes awarded by the Israeli Film Academy. The film is about the Alexandria Ceremonial Police Orchestra, that arrives in Israel from Egypt and about their journey in Israel.[30]

May 20


May 21


May 22


May 23


  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered a 2,700-year-old seal that bears the inscription "Bethlehem," according to an official announcement by the Israel Antiquities Authority on 23 May 2012, in what experts believe to be the oldest artifact with the name of Jesus' traditional birthplace.

May 24


  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addressed a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress on May 24, 2011, touching on different issues in the Middle East.[31]

May 25


May 26


May 27


May 28


May 29


  • Israeli President Shimon Peres was named as one of the winners of Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the United States, on 29 May 2012 in the Foreign Heads of State or Government category.[32]

May 30


May 31



June

June 1


June 2


June 3


June 4


  • The Hula painted frog not seen for 60 years and declared extinct, recently rediscovered in Israel, has been reclassified as a "living fossil" by researchers from Israel, Germany and France. Their study was published in the journal Nature Communications on 4 June 2013.[33]

June 5


June 6


June 7


June 8


  • Israel and the European Union (EU) on 8 June 2014 signed an agreement allowing Israel to associate with Horizon 2020, the new EU research and innovation programme. Under the terms of the agreement, Israel will have the same access to the programme as EU Member States and other Associated Countries. In return, it will contribute to the Horizon 2020 budget.[34]

June 9


June 10


  • Israel and Colombia signed a free trade agreement on 10 June 2013 during Colombian President Juan Manuel Santo's visit in Israel. The agreement, to come into effect by the end of the year, will reduce tariffs on industrial and agricultural products between the two countries, and enable Israeli companies and individuals to invest with greater ease in the Colombian economy.[35]

June 11


June 12


  • Israeli scientist Daniel Hillel was named winner of the 2012 World Food Prize for his work to bring water to crops in dry-land regions that revolutionized food production, first in the Middle East and then around the world over the past five decades.

June 13


June 14


June 15


June 16


  • Israeli artist Matan Ben-Cnaan won the 2015 BP Portrait Award for his allegorical portrait titled Annabelle and Guy. It was the first time an Israeli artist won the award.

June 17


June 18


June 19


June 20


June 21


June 22


June 23


  • Natural gas from the Noa field in the Mediterranean started to flow from 23 June 2012 which will help Israel tackle electricity shortage.[36]

June 24


June 25


June 26


  • Israeli NGO Save a Child’s Heart that provides life-saving cardiac surgery for children from developing countries received the 2018 United Nations Population.[37]

June 27


June 28


June 29


  • The Nahal Me’arot/Wadi el-Mughara Caves, a series of adjacent caves in the Mount Carmel region in Israel, was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List on 29 June 2012.[38]

June 30



July

July 1


July 2


July 3


July 4


July 5


July 6


July 7


July 8


July 9


July 10


July 11


  • Rina Messinger from Israel won the 1976 Miss Universe crown on July 11, 1976. Rina was the first Israeli women to win the Miss Universe title.

July 12


July 13


July 14


July 15


  • Archaeologists from Israel and Italy have discovered a mysterious 12m long monolith in the deep sea off the coast of Sicily. The monolith was built at least 9,300 years ago and was described in the Journal of Archaeological Science on 15 July 2015.[39]
  • Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba three archaeological mounds or hills (also known as tells) were included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 2005. Of more than 200 tells in Israel, Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba are representative of tells that contain substantial remains of cities with biblical connections.[40]

July 16


July 17


  • Shmuel Yosef Agnon from Israel , born on 17 July 1888, jointly won the 1966 Nobel Prize in Literature for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people.[41]

July 18


July 19


  • Israel joined the Olympic Games for the first time in 1952. The 1952 Summer Olympic Games were held in Helsinki, Finland from 19 July to 03 August, 1952.[42]

July 20


July 21


July 22


July 23


July 24


July 25


July 26


July 27


July 28


July 29


July 30


  • Yael Arad won first ever Olympic medal for Israel. She won silver in judo's under-61 kg category for women. [Year 1992].

July 31


  • Oren Smadja won an Olympic bronze medal in the under 71 category at the Summer Olympics as second ever Israeli. [Year 1992].


August

August 1


  • Archaeologists believe some mysterious clay and stone artefacts from Neolithic period found in Israel could be the earliest known 'matches'. The research was published in the open access journal Plos One on 1 August 2012.[43]

August 2


August 3


August 4


  • Runner Lonah Chemtai Salpeter of Israel won gold in the 10,000m Women’s final at the 2018 European Championships.[44]
  • The head of Israeli international aid group IsraAID, Navonel Glick, won the Spirituality Award at the 2016 Muhammad Ali Humanitarian Awards for his work to provide relief in areas of crisis throughout the world.

August 5


  • An Israeli archaeologist working in East Jerusalem discovered a major public building from around the 10th century BC. The building thought to be the fabled palace of the biblical King David.[45]

August 6


August 7


August 8


  • Israel, Greece and Cyprus on 8 August 2013 signed an agreement in Nicosia for the linking of their electricity grids via a 2,000-megawatt underwater cable – known as the EuroAsia Interconnector. According to the agreement, the three countries will also work together to protect natural gas fields, and will cooperate with treatment of sewage as well as recycling water for use in farming.[46]

August 9


August 10


August 11


August 12


August 13


August 14


August 15


  • Israeli researcher Roi Granot at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev has identified that the eastern Mediterranean Sea contains the world's oldest oceanic crust still in place and could be almost 340 million years-old. The findings were reported on 15 August 2016 in Nature Geoscience.[47]

August 16


August 17


August 18


August 19


August 20


August 21


August 22


August 23


  • Israeli archaeologists on 23 August 2017 unveiled a 1,500-year-old portion of Greek Christian mosaic floor, discovered in east Jerusalem, bearing the names of Byzantine Emperor Justinian and a senior Orthodox priest.

August 24


  • A collaborative effort by researchers from Israel and their international colleagues have confirmed the existence of a rocky planet named Proxima b orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest star to our sun, according to a new study published in journal Nature on 24 August 2016.[48]

August 25


August 26


August 27


August 28


August 29


August 30


August 31



September

September 1


September 2


September 3


September 4


  • Israel and Nepal released a joint stamp on 4 September 2012 featuring Dead Sea and Mount Everest — the lowest and the highest places on earth - meant to mark decades of cooperation between the two countries.

September 5


September 6


  • Israeli movie Daily Bread won the Venice Short Film Nominee for the European Film Award at the 2014 Venice Film Festival.

September 7


September 8


  • Israeli tennis player Noam Gershony won gold in the Quad Singles Wheelchair Tennis at the 2012 London Paralympics on 8 September 2012 beating American David Wagner 6-3, 6-1 in the final.[49]

September 9


  • Israeli archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar of Jerusalem's Hebrew University has uncovered a rare trove of ancient coins and medallions near Jerusalem's Temple Mount, as revealed on 9 September 2013.[50]

September 10


September 11


September 12


September 13


  • A team of researchers at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have developed an inexpensive, environmentally friendly and safe hydrogen production technology from water. Their research was detailed in Nature Energy on 13 September 2019.[51]

September 14


September 15


September 16


September 17


September 18


September 19


September 20


September 21


September 22


  • Israeli researchers, using a simple membrane extract from spinach leaves, have developed a bio-photo-electro-chemical (BPEC) cell that produces electricity and hydrogen from water using sunlight. Their findings, pave the way for the development of new technologies for the creation of clean fuels from renewable sources: water and solar energy, were revealed on 22 September 2016.

September 23


September 24


September 25


September 26


September 27


September 28


September 29


September 30



October

October 1


October 2


October 3


October 4


October 5


  • The 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Dan Shechtman from Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel for the discovery of quasicrystals.[52]

October 6


  • Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko from Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2004 for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.[53]

October 7


  • Ada E. Yonath from Israel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2009 for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome. Ribosomes produce proteins, which in turn control the chemistry in all living organisms. Ms. Ada became the first Israeli woman to win a Nobel Prize.[54]

October 8


October 9


October 10


  • Mathematician Robert J. Aumann from Israel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for 2005 for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis.

October 11


October 12


  • Israel and Hamas from Palestine agreed to one of the largest prisoner swaps in modern history on October 12, 2011. Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit, who has been held in captivity in the Gaza Strip for five years, is set to be freed in coming days in return for the release of up to 1000 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails. The news was greeted with exultation by both Jews and Palestinians.

October 13


October 14


  • The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize jointly to Israeli politicians Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East. By concluding the Oslo Accords, and subsequently following them up, Peres, Rabin and Arafat have made substantial contributions to a historic process through which peace and cooperation can replace war and hate.[55]

October 15


October 16


October 17


October 18


October 19


  • Olive trees in the Jerusalem garden revered by Christians as the place where Jesus Christ prayed before he was crucified have been dated to at least 900 years old, among the oldest in the world, according to a study released on 19 October 2012.[56]

October 20


October 21


October 22


October 23


October 24


October 25


October 26


  • Treaty of peace between Israel and Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was signed on October 26, 1994. The signing ceremony took place at the southern border crossing of Arabah Valley, and Jordan became the second Arab country after Egypt to normalize relations with Israel.[57]

October 27


  • Emily Elhacham of Israel was awarded the 2016 Green Talent prize by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research for her research focus on developing and using sensing technologies and Systems.[58]

October 28


October 29


October 30


October 31



November

November 1


November 2


November 3


  • Israel's Zeruya Shalev won France's Femina literary prize 2014 for The Remains of Love, a novel about a mother who in her twilight years reflects on her two children, one of whom she loves intensely and another she cannot love enough. Shalev scooped the foreign-language section of the award.

November 4


  • Israeli researcher Dr. Gilad Evrony won the prestigious 2016 Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology for his work on developing technologies to sequence and analyze the genomes of single cells from the human brain.[59]

November 5


November 6


November 7


November 8


November 9


November 10


November 11


November 12


November 13


November 14


November 15


November 16


November 17


November 18


November 19


November 20


  • President of Egypt Anwar Sadat came to an official visit to Israel and became the first Arab leader to do so and spoke before the Knesset in Jerusalem on November 20, 1977. In his three day visit, he visited Yad Vashem, prayed in Al-Aqsa Mosque and met with the then Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. [60]

November 21


November 22


November 23


  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered a small figurine, almost 4,000 years old and sitting in a pensive pose, in Yehud, east of Tel Aviv, as announced on 23 November 2016.[61]

November 24


November 25


November 26


  • The European Union (EU) and Israel reached an agreement on 26 November 2013 enabling Israel's scientific community to benefit from one of the most important EU programmes and facilitate its further integration into the European space of research and innovation.[62]
  • Linor Abargil from Israel won the 48th Miss World pageant at the age of 18. The event was held on November 26, 1998 in Seychelles. Abargil was the first Israeli woman to win the Miss World title.[63]

November 27


  • Israeli researchers have developed bacteria called Escherichia coli, which consume carbon-di-oxide (CO2) for energy instead of organic compounds, as revealed on 27 November 2019.[64]
  • Archaeologists have uncovered a 10,000-year-old house and a 6,000-year-old temple among other amazing finds near Jerusalem in Israel. The finds provide a fascinating glimpse into thousands of years of human development as the site was opened to the public on 27 November 2013.[65]

November 28


  • Archaeologists in Israel have discovered a 9000-Year-Old pink and yellow sandstone object, designed to resemble a human face, in the West Bank, as announced on 28 November 2018.

November 29


November 30



December

December 1


December 2


December 3


December 4


December 5


December 6


December 7


December 8


December 9


  • In a rare display of regional cooperation, Israel, Jordan and the State of Palestine on 9 December 2013 signed a historic water-sharing initiative at the World Bank in Washington that is expected to protect water resources in the region amid rising demand. Initiatives under the agreement include the development of a desalination plant in Aqaba at the head of the Red Sea, where the water produced will be shared between Israel and Jordan; increased releases of water by Israel from Lake Tiberias for use in Jordan; and the sale of about 20-30 million m3/year of desalinated water from Mekorot (the Israeli water utility) to the Palestinian Water Authority for use in the West Bank.[66]

December 10


  • The Nobel Peace Prize for 1978 was awarded to Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, and Anwar al-Sadat, President of Egypt, for their contribution to the two frame agreements on peace in the Middle East, and on peace between Egypt and Israel, which were signed at Camp David on September 17, 1978.[67]

December 11


December 12


December 13


December 14


December 15


  • Israeli archaeologists have discovered a 2,800-year-old farmhouse in the area of modern day Rosh Ha’ayin, the Israel Antiquities Authority announced on 15 December 2014.[68]

December 16


December 17


December 18


December 19


December 20


December 21


December 22


December 23


December 24


December 25


December 26


  • Israeli archeologists have discovered the remains of a 2,750-year-old ancient temple at the Tel Motza site, located to the west of Jerusalem, according to an official announcement on 26 December 2012.[69]

December 27


December 28


December 29


December 30


December 31



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