Ireland

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Ireland
Flag
Ireland LF.gif
Location  Europe
Capital  Dublin
Area  70,273 sq km
Population  5,068,050
"A viper assumes the colours of its surroundings"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Ireland Map.gif


January

January 1


  • Peter Sutherland, former Attorney General of Ireland, served as the Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Sutherland became Director-General of the WTO on 1 January 1995. He was the first Director-General of WTO which commenced to deal with the rules of trade between nations at a global or near-global level.[1]

January 2


January 3


January 4


  • Ireland's government banned single use plastics, such as plastic cups, cutlery and straws, from its government departments and public bodies from 4 January 2019.
  • Irish actress Saoirse Ronan won the prestigious Best Actress Award at the New York Film Critics Awards for her role in Brooklyn on 4 January 2016.[2]

January 5


January 6


January 7


  • Irish novelist Sally Rooney was named as the winner of the Costa Novel Award for her second book Normal People on 7 January 2019. The 27-year-old has become the youngest-ever recipient of this, the most prestigious award for a novel by British and Irish authors.

January 8


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January 19


  • Irish researchers have traced the origin of Roman-age decapitated bodies, found in York, back to the Middle East using high-tech genome technology. Their findings were detailed in the journal Nature on 19 January 2016.[3]

January 20


  • A tree frog, named Frankixalus jerdonii, thought to be extinct for 137 years has been rediscovered in the jungles of north-eastern India by a team of international researchers including Irish scientists. Their finding was described in a paper published in the journal PLOS ONE on 20 January 2016.[4]

January 21


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January 29


January 30


January 31


  • Irish writer Sebastian Barry won the Costa Book of the Year award for the second time on 31 January 2017 for his novel Days Without End.[5]


February

February 1


February 2


February 3


February 4


  • Ireland had the fastest-growing economy among the European Union member states in 2015, according to European Commission report published on 4 February 2016. Following GDP growth of 6.9 per cent Ireland retained the top spot for the third year in a row.[6]

February 5


February 6


February 7


  • Ireland clinched a long-awaited deal with European Central Bank (ECB) on 7 February 2013 to ease the burden of its bank debts, sending its borrowing costs falling to pre-crisis levels and bolstering its chances of ending its reliance on EU-IMF loans this year.[7]

February 8


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March

March 1


  • Irish passport was ranked as the world’s fifth most valuable by the Nomad Passport Index 2017, assessed based on visa-free travel, taxation, perception, dual citizenship and overall freedom.[8]

March 2


  • Ireland celebrated their astonishing 2011 Cricket World Cup victory over England. Irish batsman Kevin O'Brien's crashing century, fastest ever in the World Cup (as of this writing), conjured the greatest victory in Ireland's cricket history. Kevin's innings of 113 from 63 balls was a sensational performance while he completed his century in fifty balls. Underdogs Ireland beat the experienced England team by three wickets while chasing 328 runs for the famous victory.[9]

March 3


March 4


March 5


March 6


  • Ireland has the third largest share of women holding managerial positions at 43 percent among the European Union countries, according to the report published on 6 March 2017 by Eurostat.[10]

March 7


  • Sister Orla Treacy of Ireland was honoured with the 2019 International Women of Courage (IWOC) Award by the United States for her initiatives to empower girls.[11]

March 8


March 9


  • Irish Photographer Kenneth O’Halloran won the Open Competition at the Syngenta Photography Award 2017 for his photograph Rice Farmer taken in Togo.[12]

March 10


March 11


March 12


  • The Irish economy grew 4.8% in 2014, at the fastest rate in the European Union, according to the official data revealed on 12 March 2015. The economy was boosted by both domestic demand and strong exports.[13]
  • Irish scientists were awarded 6 research grants by the European Research Council (ERC) on 12 March 2015 as part of the European Union Research and Innovation programme Horizon 2020.[14]

March 13


March 14


March 15


  • Ireland won the Six Nations rugby title on 15 March 2014 with a thrilling 22-20 victory over France.[15]
  • The Irish oil exploration firm Providence Resources announced on 15 March 2012 that they have found country's first ever commercial oil off the coast of County Cork, providing a welcome boost to the country's economy.[16]

March 16


March 17


March 18


March 19


March 20


  • In a world first, scientists have studied the DNA of giant squid from across the globe to discover that they all belong to the same species. The genetic diversity of giant squid (Architeuthis) is surprisingly low and indeed far lower than that of other marine species studied to date. The findings were published on 20 March 2013 in the British journal the Proceedings of the Royal Society B by an international team including researcher from Ireland.[17]

March 21


  • Ireland retained their Six Nations rugby title on point difference after one of the most dramatic final days in the history of the competition on 21 March 2015.[18]
  • Dana, an Irish singer, won the 1970 Eurovision Song Contest for the song “All Kinds Of Everything”. The final took place on March 21, 1970 in Amsterdam. It was Ireland's first-of many- victories in the history of the Song Contest.[19]

March 22


March 23


March 24


March 25


March 26


March 27


March 28


March 29


  • Smoking was banned in workplaces in Ireland since 29 March 2004.

March 30


March 31



April

April 1


April 2


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April 6


April 7


  • A successful operation to separate conjoined twins, Hassan and Hussein Benhaffaf from Cork, Ireland, was completed at Great Ormond Street Hospital in London. They were separated by surgeons in a 14-hour operation on April 7, 2010 that featured 20 doctors and specialist nurses led by Cork-born professor Dr Edward Kiely.[20]

April 8


  • Irish physicist Dr Dennis Jennings was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame on 8 April 2014. Dr. Jennings became the first Irish person to be inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame.[21]

April 9


April 10


April 11


April 12


  • On 12 April 2013, Ireland was granted seven more years to pay their bailout loans from the European Union, easing the burden on its economy and paving the way for a quicker return to sustainable growth.[22]

April 13


April 14


April 15


April 16


April 17


April 18


April 19


  • Singer Johnny Logan won the Eurovision Song Contest 1980 representing Ireland for the song What's Another Year. The final was held on 19 April 1980 in The Netherlands.[23]

April 20


  • Ireland ranked ninth at the 2016 Reporters Without Borders’ World Press Freedom Index. The Index is based on an evaluation of media freedom that measures pluralism, media independence, the quality of the legal framework and the safety of journalists in 180 countries.[24]

April 21


April 22


April 23


April 24


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April 28


April 29


April 30


  • Irish musician-singer Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1994 for the song Rock 'n' Roll Kids. It was the first time that the Eurovision Song Contest had been won by the same country in three consecutive years.[25]


May

May 1


May 2


May 3


May 4


May 5


May 6


May 7


May 8


May 9


  • Irish singer Linda Martin won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1992 with the song Why Me. The contest was held on 9 May 1992 in Malmö, Sweden.[26]
  • Irish singer Johnny Logan won the 1987 Eurovision Song Contest for the song Hold Me Now. This was the second time that Johnny won the contest representing Ireland.[27]

May 10


May 11


  • Ireland became the 11th nation to play Test cricket, the highest level of cricket, when they faced Pakistan on 11 May 2018 at Dublin's Malahide ground.

May 12


May 13


May 14


May 15


  • Irish singer Niamh Kavanagh won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1993 for the song In Your Eyes. It was Ireland's second consecutive Eurovision win.

May 16


  • Irishman John Burke on 16 May 2017 successfully reached the summit of the 8,848 metres high Mount Everest.
  • American credit rating agency Moody’s on 16 May 2014 upgraded Ireland’s credit rating by two notches to Baa1 from Baa3 as the economy stabilizes. This is the second time in six months that it has raised Ireland’s rating.[28]

May 17


May 18


  • Irish singer Eimear Quinn won the 1996 Eurovision Song Contest for the song The Voice. It was Ireland's seventh Eurovision victory.[29]

May 19


May 20


May 21


  • Emma Donoghue, an Irish-Canadian novelist, won the prestigious Commonwealth Writers' Prize in 2011 for her novel “Room”. In this novel, Ms. Emma told a story from the perspective of a five-year-boy who is being held confined in a small room along with his mother.

May 22


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May 31



June

June 1


  • Ireland ranked as the 10th most peaceful country in the world, according to a report published by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) on 1 June 2017.[30]

June 2


  • The direct flight service between Ireland and China was launched as an Airbus A350-900 of Cathay Pacific from Hong Kong safely landed at Dublin Airport on 2 June 2018.

June 3


  • The earliest surviving complete census of Ireland, conducted in 1901, is made available online for the first time on June 3, 2010. It revealed details on the life of famous Irish people including writers and politicians.[31]

June 4


  • Irish writer John Banville was named as recipient of the 2014 Spain's Prince of Asturias Award for Literature. John became the first Irish author to win the prestigious award.[32]

June 5


June 6


  • Irish writer Kevin Barry won the 100,000 euros (£81,000) International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award on 6 June 2013 with his first novel, City of Bohane.

June 7


June 8


June 9


June 10


June 11


June 12


June 13


June 14


June 15


  • Colum McCann, an Irish writer, was presented The International Impac Dublin Literary Award, world’s richest literary prize, on June 15, 2011. McCann won the award with his sixth novel “Let The Great World Spin”.

June 16


June 17


  • Ireland ranked as the 12th most peaceful country in the world at the 2015 Global Peace Index published by Institute for Economics & Peace.

June 18


June 19


June 20


June 21


June 22


  • Ireland was voted in as full member of the International Cricket Council on 22 June 2017, meaning it can play test matches against the other test playing nations.[33]

June 23


  • Ireland rugby union team won the Lansdowne Cup with a 20-16 win over Australia in the series-deciding third rugby Test in Sydney on 23 June 2018 to clinch first Test series win in Australia since 1979.

June 24


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June 30



July

July 1


July 2


July 3


July 4


July 5


July 6


July 7


July 8


July 9


July 10


July 11


July 12


July 13


  • Team Hermes from Ireland won the top honor in the Software Design competition of the 2011 Microsoft Imagine Cup, world’s premier student technology competition, honoring student innovations that address global problems. The team designed a device that plugs into a car and monitors dangerous driving behavior and road conditions, providing instant feedback to both the driver and the car owner.

July 14


July 15


  • Irish footballer Robbie Keane won the Best Major League Soccer Player award at the 2015 ESPY Awards for his record-setting performance with LA Galaxy.[34]

July 16


July 17


July 18


July 19


July 20


July 21


  • Irish golfer Shane Lowry claimed a first major championship win with a dominant six-shot victory on 15 under par at The British Open on 21 July 2019.[35]

July 22


July 23


  • Irish scientists have discovered a number of new coral species, including a species of octocoral of the genus Corallium, in Ireland’s Deep Ocean, as revealed on 23 July 2018.[36]

July 24


July 25


July 26


July 27


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July 29


July 30


  • Irish Teen Fionn Ferreira won the Grand Prize at the 2019 Google Science Fair for his project focusing on extracting micros-plastics from water.[37]
  • An international team of scientists, including researchers from Ireland, have discovered the first aurora ever seen in an object beyond our Solar System. The aurora - reported on 30 July 2015 in the journal Nature - was spotted around a brown dwarf star called LSRJ 1835+3259 about 18 light years away.[38]

July 31



August

August 1


August 2


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August 4


August 5


August 6


August 7


August 8


August 9


August 10


August 11


  • Irish artistic gymnast Rhys McClenaghan won gold in the Men’ Pommel Horse at the 2018 European Championships.[39]

August 12


August 13


August 14


August 15


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August 21


August 22


  • The Irish Organic Farming Action Plan for 2013-2015 was officially launched on 22 August 2013. The Action Plan has four main objectives: to increase the production base in Ireland with a view to replacing where possible imports with Irish organic produce; to promote awareness of the potential export market; to seek to develop sustainable export markets for Irish organic produce as supplies become available, and to identify issues which are impeding the growth of the organic sector with an emphasis on developing solutions.[40]

August 23


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September

September 1


September 2


September 3


September 4


September 5


  • Ireland ranked as the eighth most generous nation in the Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) 2017 World Giving Index. The index measures the average percentage of people in each country who donate money, volunteer or help a stranger.[41]

September 6


September 7


September 8


September 9


September 10


  • Irish actor Michael Fassbender won the Best Actor Award at the Venice Film Festival on September 10, 2011. The prize was awarded for his performance as a sex-addicted New Yorker in Steve McQueen’s troubling drama Shame.[42]

September 11


September 12


September 13


  • Hugh Weldon of Ireland won the 2018 UN Young Champions of the Earth Prize for his smartphone app which calculates a user’s ecologic footprint based on scanned shopping receipts.[43]

September 14


  • Irish author Catherine Dunne received the Boccaccio International Prize for Fiction, one of Italy's top literary awards, for her novel “The Things We Know Now” in an award ceremony in Florence on 14 September 2013.[44]

September 15


September 16


September 17


September 18


September 19


September 20


September 21


September 22


  • Three Irish students, Ciara Judge, Emer Hickey and Sophie Healy-Thow, were named the Grand Prize Winner at the Google Science Fair 2014 in San Francisco for their project which examined the use of natural bacteria to increase crop output.[45]

September 23


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October

October 1


October 2


October 3


  • A plan to make Ireland a tobacco-free country by 2025 was published by Minister for Health James Reilly on 3 October 2013. The plan outlines 60 recommendations to try to eliminate smoking.[46]

October 4


October 5


  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015 was awarded, one half jointly to William C. Campbell of Ireland and Satoshi Ōmura of Japan for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites and the other half to Youyou Tu of China for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria.[47]

October 6


October 7


October 8


  • Irish researchers have sequenced an ancient African genome for the first time. The DNA was obtained from the inner ear bones of a 4,500-year-old skeleton discovered in Ethiopia and was described in the journal Science on 8 October 2015.[48]
  • Sean MacBride from Ireland, who retired in September 1974 as Chairman of Amnesty International's International Executive Cornmittee, was jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on 8 October 1974 in recognition of his lifelong work for human rights.[49]

October 9


October 10


October 11


October 12


October 13


October 14


October 15


October 16


  • Irish writer Anne Enright won the 2007 Man Booker Prize, one of the literary world's most prestigious awards, for her novel The Gathering. The award, which honors the best fiction written in English by an author from the UK, Ireland or the Commonwealth, was handed out on 16 October 2007.

October 17


October 18


  • Veteran Irish journalist Gene Kerrigan won the Gold Dagger for Best Crime Novel of the Year for his novel The Rage on 18 October 2012.

October 19


October 20


October 21


  • Ireland took fifth spot at the Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel 2015 list, as announced on 21 October 2014.

October 22


October 23


October 24


  • The analogue television service in the Republic of Ireland was switched off on 24 October 2012, replaced by a digital signal in line with the rest of Europe.[50]

October 25


October 26


October 27


  • Rachel Kelly of Ireland was awarded the 2016 Green Talent prize by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research for her research focus on the social licence of marine resources.[51]

October 28


October 29


October 30


October 31



November

November 1


November 2


  • Ireland was ranked as the world‘s eighth most gender-equal country, according to the World Economic Forum‘s Global Gender Gap index published on 2 November 2017.[52]

November 3


November 4


November 5


November 6


November 7


November 8


November 9


November 10


  • Ireland ranked ninth in the 2015 Charities Aid Foundation's World Giving Index which measures each country's charitable behavior.[53]

November 11


  • Mary McAleese, second female President of Ireland, was first elected president and assumed office on 11 November 1997. She again won a second term, without a contest, in 2004.

November 12


  • Ireland was elected on the United Nations Human Rights Council on 12 November 2012 for the first time for a three-year term. The council was created by the UN General Assembly in 2006 as the main human rights body of the UN.[54]

November 13


November 14


November 15


November 16


  • The Republic of Ireland secured a Euro 2016 Football Championship spot with a 2-0 victory (3-1 on aggregate) over Bosnia-Herzegovina on 16 November 2015.[55]

November 17


November 18


November 19


November 20


November 21


November 22


November 23


November 24


November 25


  • Irish rugby union player Johnny Sexton won the 2018 World Rugby Player of the Year Award and became the first Irishman to win the men's player of the year award since Keith Wood in 2001.

November 26


November 27


November 28


November 29


  • Irish students secured the ninth place at the global maths and science ranking, according to the International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) released on 29 November 2016.[56]
  • Irish author Donal Ryan won the 2013 Guardian First Book Award for his debut novel The Spinning Heart.[57]

November 30



December

December 1


December 2


  • Irish artist Duncan Campbell won the 2014 Turner Prize, Britain’s prestigious art award, for his film It For Others.[58]

December 3


  • Mary Robinson, an Irish politician, served as the first female President of Ireland from December 3, 1990 to September 12, 1997.

December 4


December 5


December 6


  • Rosanna Davison of Ireland won the 53rd Miss World pageant held on December 6, 2003. Rosanna was the first ever Irish woman to win the Miss World title.[59]

December 7


December 8


December 9


December 10


December 11


December 12


December 13


  • Ireland cricket team claimed their fourth-ever ICC Intercontinental Cup crown in Dubai on 13 December 2013. Ireland beat Afghanistan by 122 runs in Intercontinental Cup final to become the first team to win three ICC tournaments across three formats in a calendar year. Ireland won the World Cricket League Championship title in the 50-over format in October and the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier tournament in November.

December 14


December 15


December 16


December 17


December 18


December 19


December 20


December 21


  • Photographer Lydia Cumiskey of Ireland was named as one of the winners of the 2017 World Meteorological Organization Water Ways Photo Competition.

December 22


December 23


December 24


December 25


December 26


December 27


December 28


  • Irish scientists have sequenced the first genomes from ancient Irish humans, showing that early Irish farmers were similar to modern southern Europeans. Their study was published in the journal PNAS on 28 December 2015.[60]

December 29


December 30


December 31



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  5. http://www.costa.co.uk/media/452121/sb-cboy.pdf
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  7. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/07/ireland-ecb-idUSL5N0B73MS20130207
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  11. https://www.state.gov/s/gwi/iwoc/2019/bio/index.htm
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  14. http://erc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/press_release/files/press_release_cog2014_results.pdf
  15. http://www.rbs6nations.com/en/matchcentre/21619.php
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  33. https://www.icc-cricket.com/news/422449
  34. http://www.lagalaxy.com/post/2015/07/16/robbie-keane-wins-best-mls-player-2015-espy-awards
  35. https://www.theopen.com/latest/2019/07/the148thopen/shane-lowry-becomes-champion-golfer
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  56. http://timss2015.org/wp-content/uploads/filebase/mathematics/1.-student-achievement/1_0_4_math-student-achievement-infographic-grade-4.pdf
  57. http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/nov/28/guardian-first-book-prize-2013-donal-ryan
  58. http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-britain/exhibition/turner-prize-2014/turner-prize-2014-artists-duncan-campbell
  59. http://www.missworld.com/
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