Estonia

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Republic of Estonia
Flag
Estonia LF.gif
Location  Europe
Capital  Tallinn
Area  45,228 sq km
Population  1,244,288
"A hen cannot scratch for food with her two legs simultaneously"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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  • Estonian tennis star Kaia Kanepi won the 2012 Women’s Brisbane International Tennis Tournament on 7 January 2012 beating Slovakian Daniela Hantuchova 6-2 6-1 in the final.[1]

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  • Estonia was crowned as the eighth greenest country in the world according to the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2016 published by Yale University, Columbia University and the World Economic Forum. The EPI index ranks the performance of each nation in protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems based on nine assessment areas that include air quality, climate and energy, forests and water resources.[2]

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  • Estonia ranked as the world’s fifth safest country for the newborn with fifth lowest newborn mortality rates, according to an official report published by UNICEF on 20 February 2018.[3]
  • Estonia has become the first country in the world to install a nationwide network of fast chargers for electrical vehicles. The network, consisting of 165 CHAdeMO-standard fast chargers, was officially opened for use on 20 February 2013.[4]

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March

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  • Estonia has the fourth largest share of women holding managerial positions at 42 percent among the European Union countries, according to the report published on 6 March 2017 by Eurostat.[5]

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  • Estonia became member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), an intergovernmental military alliance, on March 29, 2004.[6]

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May

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  • Estonia joined the European Union, an economic and political union of European countries, on 1 May 2004.

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  • On 7 May 2013, Estonia took a huge step in designing its space history when Estonia's first satellite ESTCube-1 was launched into orbit aboard a European carrier rocket Vega. The scientific mission of ESTCube-1 is to test the components of an electric solar wind sail.[7]

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  • Estonia won the 2001 Eurovision Song Contest, represented by singer Tanel Padar and Dave Benton and hip-hop act 2XL, with the song Everybody.[8]

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  • Estonia placed 7th in the global school ranking published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), as revealed on 13 May 2015.

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June

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  • Since June 5, 2007 smoking throughout Estonia is banned within indoor restaurants, bars, coffee shops and nightclubs. However, smoking will be allowed only on outdoor terraces or in closed-off smoking rooms. Earlier in 2005 Estonia banned smoking within indoor public areas and workplaces.[9]

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  • On August 23, 1989 more than one million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania joined hands to form one of the longest unbroken human chains in history. It was a peaceful demonstration to draw global attention to popular desire for independence for each of the countries from Soviet Union. This 600 km long human chain is popularly referred to as Baltic Way.[10]

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September

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  • Life expectancy for both men and women are increasing in Estonia, according to a Statistics Estonia report published on 5 September 2018 life expectancy at birth was 73.7 years for males and 82.3 years for females.[11]

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  • Estonia was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 17 September 1991.

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October

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  • Estonia was elected on the United Nations Human Rights Council on 12 November 2012 for a three-year term. The council was created by the UN General Assembly in 2006 as the main human rights body of the UN.[12]

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  • Estonia ranked first at the Freedom on the Net 2016 index compiled by Freedom House. This index is compiled based on the extent of freedom the citizens of 65 countries experienced on the Internet.[13]

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December

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  • Estonia secured the third position at the 2016 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) global education survey, which evaluates the quality, equity and efficiency of school systems.

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  • Estonian Prime Minister Andrus Ansip and Finnish Prime Minister Jyrki Katainen on 10 December 2013 sat down at their respective desks in Tallinn and Helsinki and concluded the world’s first known digitally signed intergovernmental agreement focusing on common development of e-services.

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  • Tartu of Estonia was declared as the member of the 2015 UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the Literature category.[14]

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References