Cuba

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Republic of Cuba
Flag
Cuba LF.gif
Location  Central America and the Caribbean
Capital  Havana
Area  110,860 sq km
population  11,116,396
"A hen cannot scratch for food with her two legs simultaneously"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Cuba Map.gif


January

January 1


January 2


  • Cuba maintained its record of low infant mortality rate in 2018, 4 per 1,000 live births, as revealed by the Health Ministry on 2 January 2019.

January 3


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January 6


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January 10


January 11


  • American arrivals to Cuba grew by 74 percent from 2015 to 2016, with an additional 284,937 visitors last year, according to a Foreign Ministry announcement on 11 January 2017.

January 12


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January 15


January 16


  • New travel and trade rules between Cuba and the USA came into effect on 16 January 2015. The move will facilitate travel to Cuba for authorized purposes and will allow US citizens to use credit cards in Cuba, among other opportunities unlocked by last month's agreement to re-establish ties between the two countries severed since 1961.[1]

January 17


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January 19


January 20


  • Venezuela-based TV channel Telesur was permitted, in a series of latest government-policy reforms in the country, and started broadcasting in Cuba on 20 January 2013 providing Cubans a window onto the world.[2]

January 21


January 22


January 23


January 24


  • Cuba on 24 January 2013 confirmed that the island's first undersea high-speed Internet connection has been activated and is expected to increase the data capacity in the coming days.[3]

January 25


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January 27


  • Cuba on 27 January 2014 inaugurated a $957 million port, a project largely financed by Brazil and equipped for ships passing through an expanded Panama Canal.[4]

January 28


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February

February 1


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February 7


  • Cuba banned tobacco smoking in public places, such as, stores, theaters and office buildings since 7 February 2005.

February 8


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February 21


  • Russia agreed to lease eight jets worth $650 million to Cuba and partially write off the country's multi-billion-dollar Soviet-era debt under agreements signed during Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev's visit to Havana on 21 February 2013.[5]

February 22


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March

March 1


March 2


March 3


  • An auction of luxury cigar humidors in Cuba fetched much needed $1.1 million, which will go toward the public health system, the state news agency reported on 3 March 2013.

March 4


March 5


March 6


  • Cuba has officially agreed to begin negotiations with the European Union on normalizing ties, after a decade of differences on the issue of multi-party democracy, Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez announced on 6 March 2014.[6]

March 7


March 8


  • Yoani Sanchez of Cuba was presented with the 2011 International Women of Courage Award at a ceremony on 8 March 2011 for her initiatives to improve the ability of ordinary Cubans to access and disseminate information, and to expand information flow and free expression throughout Cuba.

March 9


March 10


March 11


  • The European Union (EU) and Cuba signed an agreement to normalize ties on 11 March 2016, paving the way for the 28-member bloc to establish full economic cooperation with Cuba, 13 years after the unilateral suspension of ties by the EU.
  • Cuba and the United States have re-established direct telephone links for the first time in 15 years, according to an official announcement on 11 March 2015, in the latest step toward normalizing ties between the two countries. Telephone calls have until now passed through a third country, making them very expensive.

March 12


  • Cuba has welcomed 1 million foreign tourists to date in 2016, up 14.6 percent from the same period last year, as announced by the country's Ministry of Tourism on 12 March 2016.

March 13


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March 17


March 18


  • Cuba and Costa Rica reopened diplomatic relations - after nearly 50 years - on 18 March 2009.[7]

March 19


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March 23


  • Pope Benedict XVI arrived in Cuba on 26 March 2012 for a historic three-day visit from Mexico. It was his first visit to Spanish-speaking Latin-America.[8]

March 24


  • The United States on 24 March 2015 removed sanctions on nearly five dozen Cuba-linked shipping companies, trading firms and individuals that had been blacklisted for links to Cuba.

March 25


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March 29


  • Cuba's parliament unanimously approved a new law on foreign investment on 29 March 2014 aimed at making the Communist-run island more attractive to foreign investors. The law slashes taxes on profits from 30% to 15% and gives new investors eight years of exemption from paying taxes.[9]

March 30


March 31



April

April 1


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April 3


April 4


  • On 4 April 2014 boxers from the USA and Cuba went glove-to-glove on Cuban soil for the first time in 27 years, seen as a significant event amid political tensions between the countries.[10]

April 5


April 6


  • Cuba and Zambia on 6 April 2013 signed an agreement which is aimed at reinvigorating bilateral relationships in the field of sport and physical education between the two countries.[11]

April 7


April 8


April 9


April 10


April 11


  • Leaders of Cuba and the USA met for first time in more than 50 years and discussed steps to improve relations at the 2015 Summit of the Americas. President Barack Obama of the USA and Cuba's Raul Castro met for an hour in Panama.

April 12


  • France's foreign minister visited Cuba on 12 April 2014 aimed at strengthening ties between the countries, as Cuba aims to normalize relations with the European Union. It was the first visit by such a high-ranking French official to the island in 31 years.[12]

April 13


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April 19


  • Cuban scientist and biodiversity researcher Humberto Ríos Labrada won the 2010 Goldman Environmental Prize, considered as the Nobel Prize for grassroots environmentalism, on 19 April 2010. Humberto was awarded for promoting sustainable agriculture by working with farmers to increase crop diversity and develop low-input agricultural systems that greatly reduce the need for pesticide and fertilizer.

April 20


April 21


  • Dr. Rosa Elena Simeon Negrin, former Minister of Environment of Cuba, was awarded the prestigious Champions of the Earth Award by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on 21 April 2006. Ms. Simeon was awarded for her wider campaign of the slogan “thinking globally and acting locally”.

April 22


April 23


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April 26


April 27


  • Cuba and Venezuela signed cooperation accords on 27 April 2013 for 51 projects worth two billion U.S. dollars to deepen relations between the two nations. The agreements encompass health, education, transportation, sports, energy and special social missions.[13]

April 28


  • Cuba has approved state-run companies more autonomy, effecting from 28 April 2014, to modernize and decentralize the country's aging economic model. The new regulations allow companies to retain up to 50 percent of their profits at the end of the tax year, 20 percent more than before, in order to increase the working capital, investment, research and development, training, and bank loans repayment.[14]

April 29


April 30



May

May 1


May 2


May 3


  • Cuba won the 2016 WSIS Prize for its project Informatization of the Public Health System aimed at responding to the health care of citizens with high quality and reliable health information.[15]

May 4


May 5


  • The United States authorized commercial ferry services to Cuba for the first time in more than a half-century on 5 May 2015, another major step in improving relations between the two countries.

May 6


May 7


May 8


May 9


May 10


  • Cuba on 10 May 2018 formally inaugurated and took over the management of the two solar panel parks, one in the western province of Pinar del Rio and the other in Yaguaramas, from China who helped installed 19,440 solar panels in the parks.

May 11


May 12


  • On May 12, 2002 former US president Jimmy Carter became the first U.S. President, current or former, to visit Cuba since Fidel Castro’s revolution in 1959. His five-day visit was in an effort to normalizing the relationship between the two countries.

May 13


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May 17


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May 19


May 20


  • Independence Day of Cuba. Cuba gained independence from the United States in 1902.

May 21


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May 24


May 25


May 26


  • Cuba's Henry Reeve International Medical Brigade, which was at the frontlines of the Ebola fight in West Africa in 2014, was awarded the Dr LEE Jong-wook Memorial Prize for Public Health during a ceremony at the World Health Organization (WHO) on 26 May 2017.[16]
  • Cuba and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 26 May 2014 signed a open skies agreement. The new agreement allows UAE and Cuban national airlines to operate an unlimited number of flights between the two countries.[17]

May 27


May 28


May 29


  • In recognition to the recent progress made by Cuba and the USA for a full renewal of diplomatic ties between the countries, the United States officially removed Cuba from its list of state sponsors of terrorism on 29 May 2015.

May 30


May 31



June

June 1


June 2


June 3


June 4


  • The government of Cuba inaugurated 118 public internet access points or cyber-centers on 4 June 2013 as part of a gradual technological opening by the government, which has long restricted many kinds of communication.

June 5


June 6


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June 8


June 9


June 10


  • Cuban writer Leonardo Padura was awarded the 2015 Princess of Asturias Award for Literature. He is a decidedly contemporary author rooted in tradition; an investigator of both what is considered cultured and what is considered popular; an independent intellectual, with a firm ethical temperament.[18]

June 11


June 12


  • Cuba and other thirty-seven countries met internationally-set hunger eradication targets set for 2015 to halve the percentage of hungry people well ahead of time, the United Nations food agency revealed on 12 June 2013.[19]

June 13


  • Infomed, an innovating, socializing project at the service of Cuban public health, won an award at the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) Prizes 2017 in the e-health category.[20]

June 14


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July

July 1


  • Cuba launched its first batch of private nonagricultural cooperatives, in the sectors of construction, transportation, waste collection and produce markets, on 1 July 2013, as part of reforms to open the economy.[21]

July 2


July 3


July 4


July 5


  • The European Parliament on 5 July 2017 approved the first ever cooperation agreement between the European Union and Cuba. The agreement looks to expand bilateral trade, promote dialogue and provide for joint action on the world scene.

July 6


July 7


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July 11


July 12


July 13


  • For the first time in 50 years, Cuba received a shipment of humanitarian aid from the United States in 2012. Shipper International Port Corp. made the shipment with a special permit from the US to begin trading in the midst of US trade embargo on the Communist-run Island over ideological differences since 1962.[22]

July 14


July 15


July 16


July 17


July 18


July 19


July 20


  • Cuba and the USA on 20 July 2015 formally restored full diplomatic relations and the diplomatic missions of each country became full embassies on the same date after 54 years.

July 21


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July 31



August

August 1


  • Cuba has opened its first solar farm, as reported on 1 August 2013. It boasts 14,000 photovoltaic panels which in a stroke more than doubled the country's capacity to harvest energy from the sun.

August 2


August 3


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August 11


  • Classy Roniel Iglesias Sotolongo won Cuba's first Olympics boxing gold in eight years on 11 August 2012 when he beat Ukraine's Denys Berinchyk in their Men's Light Welter (64kg) match in London.[23]

August 12


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September

September 1


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September 27


  • Cuban athletes will be allowed to work abroad and have been granted significant pay increases for their performance, official media said on 27 September 2013, in hopes of stemming a decline in the country's results in international competitions.[24]

September 28


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October

October 1


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October 11


October 12


October 13


October 14


  • The United States on 14 October 2016 further lifted sanctions on Cuba to expand scientific collaboration, increase humanitarian support, and bolster trade and commercial opportunities between the two countries.[25]

October 15


October 16


  • The Cuban government announced, on 16 October 2012, that it will no longer require islanders to apply for an exit visa, eliminating a much-loathed bureaucratic procedure that has been a major impediment for many seeking to travel overseas for more than a half-century.[26]

October 17


October 18


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October 20


October 21


  • Cuba on 21 October 2014 sent 91 more doctors and nurses in Africa to fight Ebola epidemic, making this island of 11 million people one of the largest global contributors of medical workers to the fight against Ebola.

October 22


October 23


October 24


  • Cuba was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 24 October 1945.[27]

October 25


October 26


October 27


  • Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez, the first Cuban in space, was awarded the inaugural UNESCO Medal on Space Science at the UNESCO Headquarters on 27 October 2017.[28]
  • Cuba was elected as a council member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on 27 October 2014 for four years from the Americas region. ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies.

October 28


  • Cuba on 28 October 2016 was elected to serve on the United Nations Human Rights Council for a three-year terms beginning on 1 January 2017. The United Nations body is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.[29]

October 29


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October 31



November

November 1


November 2


  • The first cooperation agreement between Cuba and Austria in the spheres of art and culture was signed on 2 November 2012 in order to enrich cooperation between the two countries.[30]

November 3


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November 5


November 6


November 7


November 8


November 9


November 10


November 11


November 12


  • The United Nations General Assembly on 12 November 2013 elected Cuba to serve on the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) for a period of three years beginning on 1 January 2014.

November 13


November 14


November 15


November 16


November 17


November 18


  • A first-ever Cuba-USA marine protection agreement was signed on 18 November 2015, first since the renewed diplomatic relationship between the two countries in 2015, aimed at protecting rare species of fish and coral they share in the waters that separate them by just 90 miles (140 kilometres).

November 19


November 20


November 21


November 22


  • Cuba’s national team won gold in baseball at the 2014 Central American and Caribbean Games in Veracruz.

November 23


  • Cuba got its tenth title in women’s basketball in the Central American and Caribbean Games, overcoming Puerto Rico 81-67 in Veracruz on 23 November 2014.

November 24


November 25


  • Cuban men’s hockey team won gold at the 2014 Central American and Caribbean Games in Veracruz.
  • Cuban Yipsi Moreno established Central American and Caribbean Games record in Hammer Throw in Veracruz 2014 with a distance of 71.35 meters.

November 26


November 27


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December

December 1


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December 9


December 10


December 11


  • Former Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro was awarded China's Confucius Peace Prize for his important contributions to world peace.[31]
  • Cuba formally authorized the creation of the first non-agricultural cooperatives on 11 December 2012, a measure that is expected to permit the growth of midsize businesses. Such entities have not previously existed in Cuba, where the government has controlled nearly the entire economy for decades.[32]

December 12


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December 14


December 15


December 16


December 17


  • In a historic move, Cuba and the USA on 17 December 2014 agreed to restore diplomatic ties between the two countries for the first time since 1961.[33]

December 18


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December 21


December 22


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December 24


December 25


December 26


December 27


  • The first direct flight connecting Cuba and China landed in Havana on 27 December 2015. The direct flights are expected to promote Chinese tourism in the country.

December 28


December 29


December 30


  • The first commercial passenger flight from Key West, Florida, United States to Cuba in more than 50 years landed on 30 December 2013 in Havana, capping several years of efforts to reunite the two islands, seen as possible first step towards future regular air service between the US and Cuba.[34]

December 31



References


  1. http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/jl9740.aspx
  2. http://news.yahoo.com/telesur-news-channel-gives-cubans-glimpse-world-080202700.html
  3. http://news.yahoo.com/cuba-confirms-undersea-cable-carrying-data-traffic-182203152.html
  4. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/01/27/cuba-brazil-port-idUKL2N0L10XO20140127
  5. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/22/us-russia-cuba-deals-idUSBRE91L04J20130222
  6. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-26474424
  7. http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/03/18/us-costarica-cuba-idUSTRE52H86220090318
  8. http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/1200391.htm
  9. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-26805254
  10. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/05/cuba-beats-us-boxing-match
  11. http://www.lusakatimes.com/2013/04/06/zambia-cuba-sign-sport-bilateral-agreement/
  12. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/13/us-cuba-france-idUSBREA3B06P20140413
  13. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/28/us-cuba-venezuela-maduro-idUSBRE93R00Y20130428
  14. http://www.shanghaidaily.com/article/article_xinhua.aspx?id=215416
  15. http://www.itu.int/net/pressoffice/press_releases/2016/17.aspx
  16. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/2017/wha70/lee-jong-wook-prize/en/
  17. http://www.wam.ae/servlet/Satellite?c=WamLocEnews&cid=1290011256269&pagename=WAM%2FWAM_E_Layout
  18. http://www.fpa.es/en/princess-of-asturias-awards/laureates/2015-leonardo-padura.html
  19. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=45153
  20. https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/prizes/2017/
  21. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/01/cuba-reform-cooperatives-idUSL2N0F70RS20130701
  22. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2012/07/20127147196482238.html
  23. http://www.london2012.com/boxing/event/men-light-welter-64kg/index.html
  24. http://www.granma.cubasi.cu/2013/09/27/nacional/artic01.html
  25. https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/jl0581.aspx
  26. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2012/10/16/cuba-travel-visa-requirement/1635871/
  27. http://www.un.org/en/members/
  28. https://en.unesco.org/news/first-unesco-space-science-medals-awarded-four-prominent-scientists-and-space-practitioners
  29. http://www.un.org/press/en/2016/ga11848.doc.htm
  30. http://www.cubanews.ain.cu/2012/1103Cuba-Austria.htm
  31. http://rt.com/news/213643-china-peace-prize-castro/
  32. http://news.yahoo.com/cuba-authorizes-non-farm-cooperatives-164729931.html
  33. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/12/17/fact-sheet-charting-new-course-cuba
  34. http://news.yahoo.com/first-flight-key-west-cuba-takes-off-193237810.html