Croatia

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Republic of Croatia
Flag
Croatia LF.gif
Location  Europe
Capital  Zagreb
Area  56,594 sq km
Population  4,483,804
"A bird will never hatch from a snake's egg"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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  • Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic became the first female president of Croatia winning the presidential election on 11 January 2015.

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  • Croatia on 15 January 2015 signed an agreement with the UK for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital gains. The agreement is expected to enter into force by the end of 2015.[1]

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  • Croatia ranked seventh in the World Economic Forum's 2018 Inclusive Development Index's (IDI) list of emerging economies, an annual assessment of 103 countries’ economic performance that measures how countries perform on eleven dimensions of economic progress in addition to GDP.[2]
  • DSP Studio & Momentum Studio of Croatia won the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Ulysses Award for Innovation in Research and Technology on 22 January 2014 for their innovative 3D AR Visual Portal project.[3]

January 23


  • Croatia was crowned as the fifteenth greenest country in the world according to the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2016 published by Yale University, Columbia University and the World Economic Forum. The EPI index ranks the performance of each nation in protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems based on nine assessment areas that include air quality, climate and energy, forests and water resources.[4]

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  • Croatian Mate Pavic and Austrian Oliver Marach won men’s doubles Australian Open Grand Slam title defeating Colombian duo Juan Sebastian Cabal and Robert Farah 6-4 6-4 on 27 January 2018.[5]
  • A team of students from Croatia, Team Apptenders, won one of the four inaugural Imagine Cup grants from Microsoft worth $3 million on 27 January 2012 for their project KiDnect. KiDnect is a Kinect (a motion sensing input device by Microsoft)-based solution for on-premise and remote physical therapy for children.[6]

January 28


  • Croatian Mate Pavic and Canadian Gabriela Dabrowski won the mixed doubles Australian Open Grand Slam title on 28 January 2018 defeating Rohan Bopanna and Timea Babos 2-6 6-4 [11-9].[7]

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February

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  • The bottlenose dolphin only colonized the Mediterranean after the last Ice Age - about 18,000 years ago – according to new research published on 17 February 2015 by Croatian scientists and their international colleagues.[8]

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  • Croatia became an associate member of world’s largest scientific research centre CERN on 28 February 2019.[9]

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March

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  • Croatia and Turkey signed a culture and arts cooperation agreement on 4 March 2014. The agreement for the 2014-2016 period includes cooperation between the countries in a number of fields from literature, cinema, music and performing arts to historical manuscripts and cultural heritage.[10]

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  • Dino Sokolovic of Croatia won gold in Men's Slalom, Sitting at the 2018 Winter Paralympic Games in Pyeongchang.[11]

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  • On March 26, 2011 Croatia along with Austria, Hungary, Serbia and Slovenia signed a historic declaration to launch a cross-border nature reserve to protect their shared nature and wildlife along the Mura, Drava and Danube rivers, known as 'Europe’s Amazon'.

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April

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  • Croatia became member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), an intergovernmental military alliance, on April 1, 2009.[12]

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May

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  • Riva, a pop rock band from Croatia, won the Eurovision Song Contest 1989, representing Yugoslavia, for the song Rock Me.[13]

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  • Nikola Mektic of Croatia and Alexander Peya of Austria won the men’s doubles tennis title at the 2018 Madrid Open.[14]

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  • Milka Planinc of Croatia was the first female Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, a socialist state and a federation made up of six socialist republics. She was reportedly the first ever female Head of Government of a communist country. She was in the Prime Minister office from 16 May 1982 to 15 May 1986.[15]

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  • Croatia was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 22 May 1992.[16]

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June

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  • Croatian Ivan Dodig and Brazilian Marcelo Melo won their first tennis Grand Slam title beating two-time champions Bob and Mike Bryan 6-7 (5), 7-6 (5), 7-5 in the French Open doubles final on 6 June 2015.

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July

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  • On the 1 July 2013, Croatia became the 28th member of the European Union (EU) after a decade of carrying out all the reforms needed to bring it into line with EU laws and standards.[17]

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  • Jadranka Kosor became the first female Prime Minister of Independent Croatia on July 6, 2009. Before entering politics, Mrs. Kosor had a career as a journalist.[18]

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  • The UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee inscribed the Stari Grad Plain, a cultural landscape, on the Adriatic island of Hvar in Croatia as a World Heritage Site in 2008. This agricultural landscape has remained practically intact since it was first colonized by Ionian Greeks from Paros in the 4th century BC.[19]

July 9


  • The UNESCO World Heritage Committee on 9 July 2017 inscribed the Venetian Works of Defence between the 16th and 17th Centuries: Stato da Terra – Western Stato da Mar in Croatia, Italy and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres, as the World Heritage site.[20]

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  • Croatian football team made its first-ever appearance in the FIFA World Cup final on 15 July 2018, with the result ended in favour of their opponent France 4-2.

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  • Croatia beat hosts Hungary 8-6 to win the men's world water polo title on 29 July 2017, a decade after they last clinched gold in the competition.

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August

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  • Martin Sinkovic and Valent Sinkovic of Croatia won gold in the Men’s Pair Rowing at the 2018 European Championships.[21]
  • Sandra Perkovic of Croatia won gold in the Women's Discus Throw on 4 August 2012 at the London Olympic Games. Perkovic had a winning throw of 69.11 meters – a Croatian national record.[22]

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  • Josip Glasnovic of Croatia won gold in the Men's Trap shooting at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games in Brazil.[23]

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  • Croatian actor Leon Lučev won the Best Actor award for his performance in The Load at the 24th Sarajevo Film Festival on 16 August 2018.[24]
  • Croatian film director Nebojša Slijepčević won the Best Documentary Film award for his work in Srbenka at the 24th Sarajevo Film Festival on 16 August 2018.

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  • Croatian footballer Luka Modrić was named as the UEFA Best Midfielder of the Year on 24 August 2017.[25]

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  • Croatian football team captain and Real Madrid midfielder Luka Modric was named UEFA Men's Player of the Year on 30 August 2018.[26]
  • Scientists have discovered a new snail species in one of the world's deepest caves in Croatia. The snail - named Zospeum tholussum has a beautifully shaped dome-like translucent shell - was described in the journal Subterranean Biology on 30 August 2013.[27]

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September

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  • Croatian tennis star Marin Cilic won the 2014 US Open Grand Slam men's singles title beating Japan's Kei Nishikori 6-3, 6-3, 6-3 in the final. The win provided Cilic with the first grand slam title of his career.[28]

September 9


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  • A team of international scientists, including researchers from Croatia, has discovered a new species of human relative in a cave system in South Africa, and named it Homo naledi. Their findings were published in the journal Elife on 10 September 2015.[29]

September 11


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  • Sandra Paovic of Croatia won Women's Singles - Class 6 - Table Tennis gold at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in Brazil.[30]

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  • Mikela Ristoski of Croatia won Women's Long Jump - T20 gold at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in Brazil.[31]

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  • Croatian footballer Luka Modric was named the world's Best Male Player at the Best Fifa Football Awards in London on 24 September 2018.[32]

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October

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  • Four NATO allies, Croatia, Bulgaria, Hungary and Slovenia, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 4 October 2018 for the creation of a Multinational Special Aviation Programme with a training facility in Zadar, city on Croatia's Dalmatian coast.[33]

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  • Croatia on 28 October 2016 was elected to serve on the United Nations Human Rights Council for the first time ever for a three-year terms beginning on 1 January 2017. The United Nations body is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.[34]

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November

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  • Croatia secured the 17th position at the Climate Change Performance Index published on 16 November 2016 by Climate Action Network Europe and Germanwatch. The index ranked 58 countries according to their emissions level, the trend in emissions, the deployment of renewable energy, the energy intensity of the economy and climate policies.[35]

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December

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  • Croatian footballer Luka Modric won the 2018 Ballon d'Or award for his performances in Champions League and for helping Croatia reach to a first FIFA World Cup final.

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  • Croatia won the 2005 Davis Cup, an international team event in men's tennis, on 4 December 2005. Croatia won the final over Slovak Republic, 3-2.[36]

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  • Croatia and European Union (EU) leaders signed Croatia's EU Accession Treaty on 9 December 2011 to make it the 28th member of the European Union from mid-2013.[37]

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  • Photographer Zoran Stanko of Croatia was named as one of the winners of the 2017 World Meteorological Organization Water Ways Photo Competition.

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References


  1. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/398228/Croatia-UK_signed_not_in_force.pdf
  2. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Forum_IncGrwth_2018.pdf
  3. http://media.unwto.org/press-release/2014-01-22/unwto-ulysses-awards-innovation-announced
  4. http://issuu.com/2016yaleepi/docs/epi2016_final
  5. https://ausopen.com/articles/news/marach-and-pavic-take-mens-doubles-crown
  6. http://www.microsoft.com/Presspass/press/2012/jan12/01-27ICGrantsPR.mspx
  7. https://ausopen.com/articles/match-report/more-doubles-glory-pavic
  8. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11692-015-9309-8
  9. https://home.cern/news/press-release/cern/croatia-become-associate-member-cern
  10. http://basin.kulturturizm.gov.tr/TR,91589/hirvatistan-ile-kultur-sanat-alaninda-isbirligi-program-.html
  11. https://www.pyeongchang2018.com/en/game-time/results/PWG2018/en/alpine-skiing/results-men-s-slalom-sitting-fnl-000200-.htm
  12. http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/news_52342.htm
  13. http://www.eurovision.tv/page/history/by-year/contest?event=305
  14. https://www.madrid-open.com/en/mutua-news/mektic-and-peya-conquer-the-caja-magica/
  15. http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/Milka_Planinc
  16. http://www.un.org/en/members/
  17. http://europa.eu/newsroom/highlights/croatia-joins-eu/index_en.htm
  18. http://www.cwwl.org/council/bio-kosor-jadranka.html
  19. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1240/
  20. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/1689
  21. https://www.europeanchampionships.com/results/en/rowing/athlete-profile-nrot116511-croatia.htm
  22. http://www.london2012.com/athletics/event/women-discus-throw/index.html
  23. https://www.rio2016.com/en/shooting-standings-sh-trap-men
  24. https://www.sff.ba/en/news/10966
  25. http://www.uefa.com/insideuefa/uefa-best-player-award/news/newsid=2495000.html#ronaldo+named+201617+mens+player+year
  26. https://www.uefa.com/uefachampionsleague/news/newsid=2567658.html
  27. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/subtbiol/article/5966/new-zospeum-species-gastropoda-ellobioidea-carychiidae-from-980-m-depth-in-the-lukina-jama%E2%80%93trojama-cave-system-velebit
  28. http://www.usopen.org/en_US/news/articles/2014-09-08/cilic_nishikori.html
  29. http://elifesciences.org/content/4/e09560
  30. https://www.rio2016.com/en/paralympics/table-tennis-standings-tt-womens-singles-class-6
  31. https://www.rio2016.com/en/paralympics/athletics-standings-at-womens-long-jump-t20
  32. https://www.fifa.com/the-best-fifa-football-awards/news/modric-marta-crowned-the-best-in-london
  33. https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/news_158815.htm
  34. http://www.un.org/press/en/2016/ga11848.doc.htm
  35. https://germanwatch.org/en/download/16484.pdf
  36. http://www.daviscup.com/en/results/tie/details.aspx?tieId=100006611
  37. http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO/11/883