Costa Rica

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Republic of Costa Rica
Flag
Costa Rica LF.gif
Location  Central America and the Caribbean
Capital  San José
Area  51,100 sq km
Population  4,576,562
"A bird will never hatch from a snake's egg"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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  • Researchers from Costa Rica and Panama have discovered a new, fiery-red coral species off the coast of Peru's Paracas National Reserve. Their findings were reported on 16 January 2014 in the Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.[1]

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  • Costa Rica reopened diplomatic relations with Cuba on 18 March 2009, nearly 50 years after it broke formal ties with the communist-run island.[2]

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  • Randall Arauz from Costa Rica won the 2010 Goldman Environmental Prize, considered as the Nobel Prize for grassroots environmentalism, on 19 April 2010. Randall was awarded for drawing international attention to the inhumane and environmentally catastrophic shark finning industry and making his country the new international model for shark protection.[3]

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  • Costa Rica ranked sixth at the 2016 Reporters Without Borders’ World Press Freedom Index. The Index is based on an evaluation of media freedom that measures pluralism, media independence, the quality of the legal framework and the safety of journalists in 180 countries.[4]

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  • Costa Rica ranked sixth at the 2017 Press Freedom Index, ranking freedom of the media in a country, compiled by Reporters Without Borders.

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  • Presidential Social Council of Costa Rica won the 2016 WSIS Prize for their program Connected Homes. The main goal of the program is to combat poverty, inequity, and promote job creation and economic growth through increasing access to information technology in vulnerable groups.[5]

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  • Costa Rican politician Laura Chinchilla assumed office as the first female President of Costa Rica on 8 May 2010.

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  • Fundación Pro Unidad de Cuidado Paliativo (Pro Palliative Care Unit Foundation) from Costa Rica - a non-profit organization works to protect the rights of children and adolescents with terminal illnesses - was awarded the 2018 WHO Sasakawa Health Prize.

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  • Costa Rica and Russia on 28 May 2018 signed an intergovernmental agreement on the visa-free travel, scraping visa formalities for the mutual visits of Russian and Costa Rican citizens.[6]

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  • Precolumbian Chiefdom Settlements with Stone Spheres of the Diquis, which includes four archaeological sites located in the Diquis Delta in southern Costa Rica, were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List on 23 June 2014.[7]

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  • Costa Rica on 29 June 2014 reached into the FIFA World Cup quarter finals for the first time in the country´s history defeating Greece 5-3 on penalties after the teams finished the regulation and extra time at 1-1.[8]

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  • Independence Day of Costa Rica. On September 15, 1821 Costa Rica declared its independence from Spain.

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October

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  • Costa Rica qualified for the 2018 FIFA World Cup finals on 7 October 2017 after a goal in the fifth minute of stoppage time in San Jose that gave them a 1-1 draw against Honduras and the point they needed to seal their spot in Russia.

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  • Costa Rican President Laura Chinchilla signed an executive order on 10 October 2012 cracking down on shark finning in Costa Rican waters. It not only prohibits finning and shark fin importation, but also penalizes both foreign and national ship owners involved in related acts, including fin transportation and possession.[9]

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  • President Oscar Arias Sánchez of Costa Rica was awarded the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in ending civil wars in Central America.[10]

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  • Costa Rica was ranked as the ninth Most Empathetic Country in the world according to a study by Michigan State University published on 14 October 2016. The study measured people’s compassion for others and their tendency to imagine others’ point of view.[11]

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  • The national women’s football team of Costa Rica on 24 October 2014 qualified for the FIFA Women's World Cup Canada 2015 beating Trinidad and Tobago 3-0 on penalties after the match finished 1-1. This marks the first time Costa Rica has qualified for the FIFA Women's World Cup.

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  • Costa Rica was elected as a council member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on 27 October 2014 for four years from the Americas region. ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies.[12]

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November

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  • Costa Rica was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 2 November 1945.[13]

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  • Costa Rica, the biodiverse nation with 25% of its land protected as reserves, on 10 December 2012 became the first Latin American country to ban hunting as a sport, following an unanimous and final vote from Congress.[14]

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References