Brazil

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Federative Republic of Brazil
Flag
Brazil LF.gif
Location  South America
Capital  Brasília
Area  8,514,877 sq km
Population  208,846,892
"A viper assumes the colours of its surroundings"
(Proverb/Quote of the Week)

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Brazil Map.gif


January

January 1


  • Brazilian soccer superstar Neymar was voted 2012 South America's best player by Uruguayan newspaper El Pais, announced on 1 January 2013. Neymar won the title for the second successive year.[1]
  • Brazilian politician Dilma Rousseff took office as the country's first women president on 1 January 2011.

January 2


January 3


January 4


January 5


January 6


January 7


January 8


January 9


January 10


January 11


  • Brazilian footballer Wendell Lira won the FIFA Puskas Award on 11 January 2016 for his spinning bicycle kick goal while playing for Goianesia in the Brazilian Goias state championship.
  • Brazilian theologist and intellectual Frei Beto won the UNESCO Jose Marti Prize 2013 for his exceptional contribution to building a universal culture of peace, social justice and human rights in Latin America and the Caribbean.[2]

January 12


  • Marcelo Melo of Brazil and Lukas Kubot of Poland won the men’s doubles tittle at the 2018 Sydney International Tennis tournament beating Jan-Leanard Struff and Viktor Troicki 6-3 6-4 in the final.[3]

January 13


January 14


January 15


January 16


January 17


January 18


  • Researchers from Brazil and the United States have developed a molecule named SAMβA that halts the progression of heart failure and improves the heart's capacity to pump blood, as published in Nature Communications on 18 January 2019.[4]

January 19


January 20


January 21


January 22


  • Scientists in Brazil have discovered the first new river dolphin species since the end of World War One. Their findings were published in the journal Plos One on 22 January 2014.[5]

January 23


January 24


  • Brazilian scientists have sequenced the genome of the world's oldest continuously surviving cancer, a transmissible genital cancer that affects dogs, first arose in a single dog that lived about 11,000 years ago. The cancer survived after the death of this dog by the transfer of its cancer cells to other dogs during mating. The study was published on 24 January 2014 in the journal Science.[6]
  • Brazil's top planemaker Embraer on 24 January 2013 announced it won an order from US airline Republic Airways for 47 regional jets, with an option for another 47, at a total potential value of $4 billion at catalogue prices.[7]

January 25


January 26


January 27


January 28


January 29


January 30


January 31



February

February 1


  • Brazilian girls football team won their eighth straight continental U-20 Women's title beating Paraguay 8-1 on 1 February 2018 and booked their place at the FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup France 2018 in style.[8]

February 2


February 3


February 4


February 5


February 6


  • A team of international scientists, including researchers from Brazil, has discovered more than 450 ancient earthworks in the western Brazilian Amazon, as reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 6 February 2017.[9]

February 7


February 8


February 9


February 10


February 11


February 12


February 13


February 14


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February 17


February 18


February 19


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February 25


February 26


  • Scientists from Brazil, the USA and Chile have unearthed a mass graveyard of fossilized whales in Chile’s Atacama Desert. Their study, published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B on 26 February 2014, suggests toxins generated by algae blooms most likely poisoned the animals millions of years ago.[10]

February 27


February 28


  • Scientists from Brazil, China and the United States have linked two rats' brains, imbedded with electrodes in their cortex and connected via Internet, while a rat in a research institute in Natal, Brazil was helping the second rat at a university lab in Durham, North Carolina to get a reward. The research opens up the prospect of linking brains among animals to create an "organic computer" and helping the patients stricken with paralysis or locked-in syndrome. Their findings were published on 28 February 2013 in the journal Scientific Reports.[11]

February 29



March

March 1


  • An international team of researchers, including Brazilian scientists, has for the first time identified a gene called IRF4 responsible for greying hair. Their study published in Nature Communications on 1 March 2016 confirms greying has a genetic component and is not just environmental.[12]

March 2


March 3


March 4


March 5


March 6


March 7


March 8


  • Major Pricilla de Oliveira Azevedo from the Rio de Janeiro Military police, Brazil was honored with the 2012 International Women of Courage Award by the United States Department of State who demonstrated extreme courage and commitment to her duties by successfully arresting a gang of criminals who had kidnapped and tortured her.

March 9


  • Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff on 9 March 2015 signed a new law which sets tough new penalties for the killing of women and girls. The new legislation, will carry sentences of between 12 and 30 years, is seen as a victory for Brazilian women.

March 10


  • The world's tropical forests are less likely to lose biomass, or plant material, this century due to the effects of global warming than previously thought, a team of international scientists including researchers from Brazil reported in their study in the journal Nature Geoscience on 10 March 2013. This adds to growing evidence that rainforests might be more resilient to the effects of climate change than feared.[13]

March 11


March 12


March 13


  • Brazilian and Argentine scientists have discovered the world’s first naturally fluorescent frog Hypsiboas punctatus in Argentina. In normal light the polka-dot tree frog has a dull complexion – but under UV light it glows bright green, as reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on 13 March 2017.[14]

March 14


March 15


March 16


March 17


March 18


March 19


  • Brazilian professor Thaisa Storchi Bergmann won the prestigious L’Oréal-UNESCO Award 2015 from the Latin America region for her outstanding work on super-massive black holes in the centers of galaxies and their associated regions of dense gas, dust, and young stars surrounding them, as well as their role in the evolution of galaxies.[15]

March 20


March 21


March 22


March 23


March 24


March 25


March 26


  • Brazil and China signed a $30bn currency swap deal on 26 March 2013, designed to safeguard against future global financial crises. This agreement will ensure smooth bilateral trade, regardless of global financial conditions.[16]

March 27


March 28


March 29


  • Marcos Pontes became the first Brazilian astronaut to travel into space when he was launched to the International Space Station aboard Soyuz TMA-8 on March 29, 2006. He stayed on the International Space Station for 8-days.

March 30


March 31



April

April 1


April 2


April 3


April 4


April 5


  • D.O.M. in Brazil was named as the World’s 16th Best Restaurant for 2017.[17]

April 6


  • Five-times world champions Brazil on 6 April 2017 topped the FIFA rankings for first time in seven years.[18]

April 7


April 8


April 9


  • Brazilian architect Paulo Mendes da Rocha, renowned for designing bold, open structures that blend with their surroundings, was named the winner of the 2006 Pritzker Architecture Prize on April 9, 2006.

April 10


  • Almir Narayamoga Surui from Brazil was honored with the United Nations Forest Heroes Award on 10 April 2013 for his 20-year-long fight to save both his Paiter-Surui tribe and the Amazon rainforest.[19]

April 11


April 12


  • Brazilian scientists have discovered a new shrimp species off the coast of Panama and named the bright pink-clawed pistol shrimp as Synalpheus pinkfloydi, according to a paper published on 12 April 2017.[20]

April 13


April 14


April 15


April 16


April 17


  • Scientists from Brazil, Japan and Switzerland have discovered four new insect species in Brazil that display what they say are the world’s first discovered instances of female penises. Their study, also found males' vagina-like openings, was reported in Current Biology on 17 April 2014.[21]

April 18


April 19


  • Brazilian politician and environmentalist Ms. Marina Silva was named one of the recipients of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Champions of the Earth Award on 19 April 2007. Ms. Silva was awarded for her tireless endeavors to protect the Amazon rainforest while balancing the needs of people.

April 20


  • Brazilian footballer Neymar was named as one of the most influential people, according to Time Magazine’s 2017 list of 100 Most Influential People.[22]

April 21


April 22


  • Brazilian scientists have discovered an enormous coral reef that stretches for more than 600 miles at the mouth of the Amazon River, as revealed in the journal Science on 22 April 2016. The reef stretches from the coast of French Guiana to Brazil's Maranhão state.[23]

April 23


  • Brazilian government on 23 April 2014 signed a new legislation aimed at protecting Internet privacy and guaranteeing open access to the web for the country's 100 million Internet users. The new law promotes privacy by limiting the data that online companies can collect on Internet users in Brazil.

April 24


April 25


April 26


April 27


April 28


  • Brazilian surfer Rodrigo Koxa on 28 April 2018 claimed a major prize at the Big Wave Awards in California, winning the award for the largest wave ever surfed. Koxa surfed an 80-foot monster wave in the waters off Nazare, Portugal, on November 8, 2017.[24]

April 29


April 30



May

May 1


May 2


May 3


May 4


  • Brazilian author Angélica Freitas and her translator Hilary Kaplan won the 2016 Best Translated Book award for her poetry collection Rilke Shake.[25]

May 5


May 6


  • Brazilian and Japanese researchers have found a large mass of granite on the seabed off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, suggesting a continent may have existed in the Atlantic Ocean, the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology and the Brazilian government announced on 6 May 2013.

May 7


  • Brazil won record fifth FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup title on 7 May 2017 beating Tahiti 6-0 in Bahamas.[26]

May 8


May 9


May 10


May 11


May 12


May 13


  • Brazilian superstar Neymar was named as France’s Football Player of the Year at an awards ceremony in Paris on 13 May 2018 for his performance with the Paris Saint-Germain.

May 14


May 15


May 16


May 17


May 18


May 19


  • Brazil signed multibillion-dollar trade and investment deals with China on 19 May 2015 during Chinese Premier Li Keqiang visit to Brazil, as Beijing aims to invest approximately $53 billion in South America's largest economy.[27]

May 20


May 21


May 22


May 23


May 24


  • Spanish oil firm Repsol confirmed a large oil and gas find off Brazil's coast on 24 May 2012, contains at least 1.2 billion barrels of oil equivalent, one of the globe's largest finds this year.[28]

May 25


  • Brazilian and German scientists have discovered a well-preserved new Dicynodont skull from the Permian of Brazil. This new species, dubbed Rastodon procurvidens, is now the second known taxon from the Permian of Brazil, as published on 25 May 2016 in PLOS ONE.[29]
  • Brazil announced on 25 May 2013 it plans to cancel or restructure $900 million worth of debt in 12 African countries, as part of a broader strategy to boost ties between Brazil and the African continent.

May 26


  • Brazil's Tony Kanaan won the 2013 Indianapolis 500, the crown jewel of North American motor racing, in his 12th attempt.[30]

May 27


May 28


May 29


May 30


May 31



June

June 1


  • Brazilian restaurant D.O.M. ranked 9th best in the World's 50 Best Restaurant awards in London on 1 June 2015.

June 2


June 3


June 4


  • Brazilian researchers have discovered seven new species of tiny frog in south-eastern Brazil, as published in the open-access journal PeerJ on 4 June 2015.[31]
  • Mr. Fábio C. Barbosa a widely recognized banking executive from Brazil was named as one of the winners of the 2012 United Nations Champions of the Earth award for his efforts to integrate environmentally and socially conscious practices into his leadership.

June 5


  • Brazil has reduced Amazon deforestation by nearly 84 percent over the past eight years and is nearing its international target for slowing devastation of the world's largest rainforest, according to an official announcement on 5 June 2013. It also marks the fourth consecutive annual reduction.
  • Brazil hosted the 2012 World Environment Day (WED) with the theme "Green Economy: Does it include you?” It was the second time that the WED was held in Brazil.

June 6


  • Brazilian Marcelo Melo and Croatian Ivan Dodig won their first tennis Grand Slam title beating two-time champions Bob and Mike Bryan 6-7 (5), 7-6 (5), 7-5 in the French Open doubles final on 6 June 2015.

June 7


June 8


June 9


  • Brazilian football star Marta became the all-time leading goal-scorer in FIFA Women’s World Cup history with her 15th goal on 9 June 2015 during a 2-0 victory over Korea Republic in Montreal.[32]

June 10


June 11


  • The genetic blueprint of the Eucalyptus grandis (flooded gum) has almost been sequenced by a team of international researchers, including scientists from Brazil. The five-year effort to analyze the 640 million base-pair genome was reported on 11 June 2014 in the journal Nature.[33]

June 12


  • The 2014 FIFA World Cup was inaugurated in Brazil. It was the second time that the World Cup was held in Brazil.
  • Brazil and other thirty-seven countries met internationally-set hunger eradication targets set for 2015 to halve the percentage of hungry people well ahead of time, the United Nations food agency revealed on 12 June 2013.[34]

June 13


June 14


June 15


June 16


June 17


  • Brazil defended their FIFA Soccer World Cup title and won the world cup for the second time on June 17, 1962. Brazil beat Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final.[35]

June 18


June 19


June 20


  • The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 20-22 June 2012 to mark the 20th anniversary of the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio. At the Conference, world leaders, along with thousands of participants from the private sector, NGOs and other groups, have come together to shape how we can reduce poverty, advance social equity and ensure environmental protection on an ever more crowded planet.

June 21


  • Brazil and China on 21 June 2012 signed a handful of trade agreements aimed at boosting investment and commerce flows for the coming decade. The agreements were signed by Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao.[36]
  • Brazil won their third FIFA Soccer World Cup in 1970. Brazil beat Italy 4-1 in the final on June 21, 1970. It was the last world cup for the legendary soccer player Pelé before his retirement from the game.[37]

June 22


  • Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, former President of Brazil, won the World Food Prize on June 22, 2011 for cutting hunger in half while serving as President of his nation. It was the first time the award, created 25 years ago by Nobel Peace Prize winner Norman Bourlag, recognized the seminal role of national leaders in fighting hunger.[38]

June 23


June 24


June 25


June 26


June 27


June 28


June 29


  • Brazil's bike-friendly coastal city Fortaleza won the Sustainable Transport Award on 29 June 2018 presented by New York-based think tank Institute for Transportation and Development Policy.[39]
  • Brazil won the 1958 FIFA Soccer World Cup on June 29, 1958. Brazil beat Sweden 5–2 in the final for their first world cup title. It was debut world cup for the legendary soccer player Pelé.[40]

June 30


  • Brazil beat Spain 3-0 to win Confederations Cup football tournament on 30 June 2013. It was Brazil's third consecutive FIFA Confederations Cup title.[41]
  • Brazil won the 2002 FIFA Soccer World Cup on June 30, 2002. They won the world cup by beating Germany 2–0 in the final. It was Brazil's fifth world cup win.[42]


July

July 1


July 2


July 3


July 4


July 5


July 6


July 7


  • Brazil won their first Copa America football title in 12 years beating Peru 3-1 in the final on 7 July 2019 and became the champions of South America.
  • Christ the Redeemer, a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro - Brazil, was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World by New7Wonders Foundation. The Official New 7 Wonders of the World were announced in random order at the Official Declaration Ceremony on July 7, 2007 (07.07.07) in Lisbon.

July 8


July 9


  • The UNESCO World Heritage Committee on 9 July 2017 inscribed Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site in Brazil as the World Heritage site.[43]

July 10


July 11


July 12


July 13


  • Team Signum Games from Brazil won the first place in the Game Design—Windows/Xbox category at the 2011 Microsoft Imagine Cup, world’s premier student technology competition, honoring student innovations that address global problems. Team Signum Games solved urban problems including health, education and the environment through a strategy game.[44]
  • Martha Vasconcellos from Brazil won the 1968 Miss Universe contest at the age of 20. Martha was Brazil's second Miss Universe winner.

July 14


July 15


July 16


  • Brazilian journalist Patrícia Campos Mello was named as a winner of the 2019 International Press Freedom Award presented by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).[45]
  • Marcelo Melo of Brazil and Lukasz Kubot of Poland won the men's doubles tennis title at Wimbledon on 16 July 2017 by beating Oliver Marach and Mate Pavic 5-7, 7-5, 7-6 (2), 3-6, 13-11.[46]

July 17


  • Brazil won their fourth FIFA Soccer World Cup on July 17, 1994. Brazil beat Italy 3–2 in a penalty shootout after the game ended 0–0 after extra-time. It was the first Soccer World Cup final to be decided on penalties.[47]

July 18


  • João and Leticia of Brazil received the prestigious Google Community Impact Award for Latin America on 18 July 2016 for introducing a water filtering system for Brazilians to easily treat their water.

July 19


July 20


  • Ieda Maria Vargas from Brazil won the 12th Miss Universe pageant on July 20, 1963 at the age of 18. She was the first Brazilian woman to win the title.[48]

July 21


  • Juliana Paula Dos Santos of Brazil won gold in the Women's 5000m race at the 2015 Pan American Games.[49]

July 22


  • Pope Francis arrived in Brazil on 22 July 2013 on his first foreign trip as pontiff, much to the delight of the Brazilian.[50]

July 23


July 24


July 25


July 26


July 27


July 28


July 29


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July 31



August

August 1


  • Brazil and Japan on 1 August 2014 signed mutual cooperation treaties in the infrastructure, pharmaceutical, energy, mining and educational areas.

August 2


August 3


August 4


August 5


  • The 2016 Summer Olympics was inaugurated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rio became the first South American city to host the Summer Olympics.

August 6


  • Brazilian scientists have discovered the first ever venomous frogs capable of injecting a toxic venom into potential predators. The two species — Aparasphenodon brunoi and Corythomantis greeningi - with venomous spikes on their heads were detailed in the journal Current Biology on 6 August 2015.[51]

August 7


August 8


August 9


August 10


  • Brazil won the Women’s Basketball Gold Medal at the 2019 Pan American Games beating the USA 79-73 in the final.

August 11


August 12


  • Brazilian horror film Good Manners won the Special Jury Prize at the 2017 Locarno Film Festival in Switzerland.[52]

August 13


  • Brazilian scientist Artur Avila was awarded the 2014 Fields Medal, the most prestigious honor in mathematics, for his profound contributions to dynamical systems theory that have changed the face of the field, using the powerful idea of renormalization as a unifying principle.
  • Fossils of an ancient flying reptile with a bizarre, butterflylike head have been unearthed in southern Brazil. The newfound reptile species, Caiuajara dobruskii, lived about 80 million years ago was described by Brazilian scientists on 13 August 2014 in the journal PLOS ONE.[53]

August 14


  • Brazil and Belarus signed an agreement on cooperation in education on 14 August 2015. The agreement is expected to establish and develop direct ties between the educational establishments of Belarus and Brazil and organize exchanges of teachers, students and postgraduates.

August 15


August 16


August 17


August 18


  • Martine Grael and Kahena Kunze of Brazil won gold in 49er FX Women Sailing at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games in Brazil.

August 19


August 20


  • Brazil clinched first Olympic Games men's football gold medal in penalty shoot-out victory 5-4 against Germany on 20 August 2016 after a 1-1 draw in the final at the Maracanã.

August 21


  • Brazil won the FIFA Under-20 World Cup for the fifth time on 21 August 2011, beating Portugal, in extra time in Bogota, Colombia. Brazilian midfielder Oscar's hat-trick inspired Brazil to 3-2 comeback victory over Portugal in thrilling conclusion to the final.[54]

August 22


August 23


  • Venom from world's deadliest spider, Brazilian Wandering Spider, could cure erectile dysfunction within 20 minutes, according to a research published on 23 August 2012 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine. Tests carried out by researchers from Brazil and the US on rats show sign of improvement.[55]

August 24


August 25


August 26


August 27


August 28


August 29


August 30


August 31



September

September 1


  • Brazilian diplomat Roberto Azevêdo started his second term as World Trade Organization (WTO) Director-General on 1 September 2017 for four years.[56]
  • Brazilian diplomat Roberto Azevedo took over the post of Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on 1 September 2013. Azevedo became the first Latin American to head the WTO since its creation in 1995.

September 2


September 3


September 4


September 5


September 6


September 7


  • The 2016 Summer Paralympic was inaugurated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rio became the first South American city to host the Summer Paralympic.

September 8


September 9


September 10


  • Largest Brazilian cosmetics manufacturer Natura was named Champion of the Earth, the highest environmental accolade of the United Nations, by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on 10 September 2015 for unparalleled commitment to trailblazing sustainable business models.
  • An artificial football pitch that converts players' movement into electricity was unveiled in a favela in Rio de Janeiro on 10 September 2014. It is claimed to be the first football pitch in the world with floodlights generated by players' movement, is courtesy of a new technology called Pavegen.

September 11


September 12


  • The 2011 Miss Universe was crowned in São Paulo, Brazil on September 12, 2011. It was the first time Brazil hosted Miss Universe pageant where contestants from 89 nations spent three weeks in beautiful São Paulo.

September 13


  • Tânia Conte Cosentino, President, Schneider Electric South America Brazil, was recognised as an 2017 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) pioneer by the United Nations Global Compact for her energy management and sustainability initiatives.[57]

September 14


September 15


September 16


September 17


September 18


  • Brazilian Minister of Environment, Izabella Teixeira, was awarded the 2013 United Nations Champions of the Earth award for her role in reversing deforestation in the Amazon.

September 19


September 20


September 21


September 22


September 23


  • A 9,000 year-old case of human decapitation has been found in the rock shelter of Lapa do Santo in Brazil, a decapitated skull covered in amputated hands, by an international team of scientists, including researchers from Brazil. Their findings were detailed in the journal PLOS ONE on 23 September 2015.[58]

September 24


  • Brazilian footballer Marta was named the world's Best Female Player at the Best Fifa Football Awards in London on 24 September 2018.[59]

September 25


September 26


September 27


September 28


September 29


September 30



October

October 1


October 2


October 3


October 4


October 5


October 6


October 7


October 8


October 9


October 10


October 11


October 12


  • Brazil inaugurated Latin America's first elephant sanctuary in Chapada dos Guimarães on 12 October 2016 to provide a home for an estimated 50 circus animals from across the region.

October 13


October 14


October 15


October 16


  • Brazilian and Australian scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago. The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least 2,500 kilometers of modern west Africa and northeast Brazil, which at that time were part of the supercontinent Gondwana. Their findings were published on 16 October 2014 in Nature Communications.[60]

October 17


October 18


  • Brazilian Marcelo Melo and South African Raven Klaasen claimed the 2015 Shanghai Rolex Masters doubles tennis championship beating Simone Bolelli and Fabio Fognini of Italy 6-3, 6-3 in the final.[61]
  • Carlos Nobre of Brazil was appointed to United Nations scientific advisory board on 18 October 2013. The new Board will provide advice on science, technology and innovation (STI) for sustainable development to the UN Secretary-General and to Executive Heads of UN organizations.

October 19


  • Brazil defeated Russia 4-1 to win the first-ever Men's Youth Olympic Futsal Tournament title on 18 October 2018 in Argentina.[62]

October 20


October 21


October 22


October 23


  • The first World Indigenous Games, a multi-sport event involving indigenous athletes from around the world, was inaugurated in the Brazilian city of Palmas on 23 October 2015.[63]

October 24


  • Brazilian student Luis Gustavo Cavalheiro Silva won the United Nations-backed Tokyo Photo Contest on 24 October 2017 for putting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the spotlight.
  • Priscilla Meirelles Almeida from Brazil won the 2004 Miss Earth crown at the age of 21. Priscilla became the first Brazilian woman to win the Miss Earth title.[64]
  • Brazil was admitted as a member of the United Nations (UN) on 24 October 1945.[65]

October 25


October 26


October 27


  • Marina Demaria Venancio of Brazil was awarded the 2016 Green Talent prize by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research for his research focus on climate change, agriculture and food systems in the anthropocene.[66]
  • Brazil was elected as a council member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on 27 October 2014 for four years from the Americas region. ITU is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies.

October 28


  • Brazil on 28 October 2016 was elected to serve on the United Nations Human Rights Council for a three-year terms beginning on 1 January 2017. The United Nations body is responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe.[67]

October 29


October 30


October 31



November

November 1


November 2


November 3


November 4


November 5


November 6


November 7


November 8


November 9


November 10


  • Lúcia Petterle, from Brazil won the 21st Miss World contest on November 10, 1971. Petterle was the first Brazilian woman to win the title.[68]

November 11


November 12


  • Brazil was elected on the United Nations Human Rights Council on 12 November 2012 for a three-year term. The council was created by the UN General Assembly in 2006 as the main human rights body of the UN.

November 13


November 14


November 15


November 16


November 17


November 18


  • Brazilian scientists have discovered a new species of troglobitic harvestman spider, landumoema smeagol, in Brazil’s Minas Gerais state. The researchers described the new species in the journal ZooKeys on 18 November 2015.[69]
  • Brazil won the 2012 FIFA Futsal World Cup in a thrilling final in which they came from behind to beat Spain 3-2 after extra time in Bangkok, Thailand. Futsal is a variant of football that is played on a smaller pitch and mainly played indoors.[70]

November 19


November 20


  • Brazil's premier investigative journalist Mauri König, who has been reporting on human rights abuses and corruption for 22 years, was honored with the Committee to Protect Journalists' 22nd Annual International Press Freedom Award on 20 November 2012.[71]

November 21


November 22


  • Brazil's beauty pageant Larissa Ramos was crowned Miss Earth 2009 at the age of 20. It was Brazil's second Miss Earth title.

November 23


November 24


November 25


  • Brazilian actress Fernanda Montenegro was awarded the International Emmy for Best Performance by an Actress for her role in the television film Sweet Mother on 25 November 2013.

November 26


November 27


  • Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon rainforest has dropped to its lowest rate in 24 years, according to an official announcement on 27 November 2012, credited to better enforcement of environmental laws and improved surveillance technologies in Brazil.[72]

November 28


November 29


November 30



December

December 1


  • Brazilian and Chinese scientists have discovered 215 fossilised pterosaur eggs in China, which will help scientists gain a rare insight into the extinct flying reptiles, as published in the journal Science on 1 December 2017.[73]
  • Brazilian Attorney General Rodrigo Janot was named as one of the world's top 100 global thinkers by Foreign Policy, a Washington-based prestigious magazine of global politics, economics and ideas, on 1 December 2015 for his fight against corruption in the country.

December 2


December 3


December 4


December 5


  • In a medical first, a mother who received a uterus transplant from a dead donor gave birth to a healthy baby in Brazil, researchers at the University of Sao Paulo reported on 5 December 2018.

December 6


  • Norway has agreed to give $180 million to Brazil as part of a broader $1 billion deal for slowing deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, according to an official announcement on 6 December 2012.[74]

December 7


  • An Earth observation satellite CBERS-4, jointly developed by Brazil and China, was successfully lifted off on 7 December 2014 from China's Taiyuan space launch facility as part of the bilateral cooperation program.

December 8


December 9


December 10


December 11


  • Belém, Salvador and Santos of Brazil were declared as the members of the 2015 UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the Gastronomy, Music and Film categories respectively.[75]

December 12


December 13


December 14


December 15


December 16


  • Brazilian soccer club Corinthians won the Club World Cup in Japan on 16 December 2012, overcoming European champion Chelsea 1-0 in a closely fought encounter.[76]

December 17


December 18


December 19


December 20


  • A new species of tapir, a mammal considered to be endangered or vulnerable, has been identified by Brazilian scientists in the Amazon rainforest in parts of Brazil and Colombia. It is the smallest of the five known species of living tapirs, according to their study reported on 20 December 2013.

December 21


December 22


December 23


December 24


December 25


December 26


  • Researchers from Brazil, Belgium and Canada have described the first known hybrid bird species to be found in the Amazon rainforest, as published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS) on 26 December 2017. Through a series of genetic and other tests the team have revealed that the golden-crowned manakin -- first discovered in Brazil in 1957 but not seen again until 2002 - is in fact a hybrid species.[77]

December 27


December 28


December 29


December 30


December 31



References


  1. http://sports.ndtv.com/football/news/item/201360-neymar-voted-south-americas-best-player
  2. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/media-services/single-view/news/dominican_friar_frei_betto_to_receive_2013_unescojose_marti_prize/
  3. https://www.sydneyinternational.com.au/2018/01/kubot-melo-scoop-sydney-doubles-crown/
  4. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-08276-6#auth-1
  5. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0083623
  6. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/343/6169/437
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